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|| Thursday, February 22, 2018
|Guillotine used for resistance siblings 'found in Germany' |
A guillotine believed used to execute Nazi resistance student siblings Hans and Sophie Scholl in 1943 that has been found in Munich, southern Germany after being thought lost for decades. The blood-stained device with a 15-kilo blade was identified after 18 months of research at the Museum where it had actually been for around 40 years without anyone realising. AFP PHOTO / BAYERISCHES NATIONALMUSEUM / WALTER HABERLAND.
BERLIN (AFP).- The guillotine used to execute Nazi resistance siblings Sophie and Hans Scholl in 1943 appears to have been found in southern Germany after being thought lost for decades, a museum said Friday.
The blood-stained device which had a some 15-kilo blade was identified after 18 months of research at the Bavarian National Museum in Munich where it had been in storage for around 40 years without anyone realising, a museum official said.
Sybe Wartena, the museum's head of folklore, said a couple of factors indicated it was "with great likelihood" the one used in the execution of the Scholls, members of the White Rose student resistance group, who were detained after distributing flyers at a city university.
No other prison in Bavaria carried out as many executions as Stadelheim prison, where the Scholls were guillotined, and the mechanism clearly shows evidence of having often been used, he said.
"It's really worn from the blood and the regular cleaning of the blood," he said.
Another key clue is that a part of the device, a tipping board on to which the condemned were strapped, has been removed which the Scholl's executioner was known to have favoured to save time.
Under the Nazi dictatorship, the transportable guillotine was used in hundreds of executions from 1940-45 in several cities, but after the war its whereabouts became the source of mystery and rumour.
Long believed to have been thrown into the Danube River, it was never found during searches but probably was taken from the city of Straubing to Regensburg where it was handed over in 1974 to the National Museum.
The Scholls, known in German as the Geschwister Scholl, have been recognised as symbols of Germany's resistance movement against Hitler's regime, with a literary prize named after them as well as memorials and many streets and schools.
© 1994-2014 Agence France-Presse
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