Did Danish Asger Jorn (1914-1973) and American Jackson Pollock (1912-1956) share artistic means and ends? For decades the question has remained unresolved, and now Louisiana
is taking a closer look at the work of the two outstanding artists with the exhibition Revolutionary Roads. A selection of 135 works paintings, drawings and prints offers a specific take on this meeting of the giants for the first time.
Jorn and Pollock are two important artists who never met, but each in his own way revolutionized painting during and immediately after World War II. They were the same age, one a northern European born in Vejrum, Jutland, the other an American from Cody, Wyoming, in the USA. The war severed the connections of both with the Parisian centre of the Avant-garde, which was never re-established. This exhibition focuses on the period 1943-1963. For both artists there was a before this period, and for Jorn also an after. It was in this period that the two artists work was defined and they achieved the greatest international attention and it was in these same years that a new, spontaneous-abstract painting style arose.
At times one may doubt which of the two created what: Some of Jorns and Pollocks works are almost indistinguishable in style. But the exhibition is not about the two artists being identical quite the contrary. Jorn and Pollock offer us different versions of the routes that the revolution in painting could take, and often what looks identical is really fundamentally different.
The intention of the exhibition is to establish a direct encounter with the works in all their insistent materiality, with their methods and idioms, in an attempt to emancipate both artists a little from art historys categorizations into the action painter Pollock and the CoBrA painter Jorn. They shared in the creation of a new abstract expressionism, but related differently to the roles of art and the artist in society.
With his drip technique Pollock changed the rules of the game for painting itself for many people. He staged the artist as the modern hero; he was in the painting, but outside society. Jorn went a different way. For Jorn it was about commitment to the real world, about getting history and the contemporary world into art and a residue of the figurative in his works, a recognizability to which we can relate as viewers.
Jorn is a central figure in Louisianas collection and has been presented retrospectively several times, but it is half a century since Pollocks paintings were last presented at the museum (in 1963). This exhibition shows 135 works, paintings, drawings and prints lent by some of the worlds leading museums and private collections.
The meeting between the works of the two artists has been organized in five thematic sequences, each with its own expression routes that constantly cross paths.
Myths and Mythmakers considers mythological and historic material in the thinking of the period, which for the two artists resulted in the idea of a kind of primal images. Jorns fascination is with the commonplace and in particular with Nordic folk culture; Pollock is inspired by both Greek mythology and the prehistory of his own country.
Figuration and Abstraction is about a couple of years, 1950-52, when the work of the artists revolved searchingly around the figurative and the abstract appearance and disappearance in often-comparable dramatic compositions.
The theme Abstract Expressionism and What Looks Like It shows Pollocks classic drip paintings from the three years that made him the most famous painter of the post-war era and Jorns Luxury pictures, which are clearly influenced by Pollocks action painting, but also paraphrase it with a critical edge.
The Accidental and The Controlled is a close study of how each of the two artists can be said to have formed the architecture of their works, Pollock was clearly preoccupied with imposing formal unity, unlike Jorn, who often acclaimed the challenging of such formal structures by randomness.
Jorn & Pollock. Revolutionary Roads sees the end of the period as the endgame of spontaneous-abstract painting and at the same time the cut-off date for the exhibition. After this Pop Art turned the art of both painters into historical material.