NEWARK, NJ.- The Newark Museum
marks its 90th anniversary of exhibiting Chinese art with an exhibition that spotlights many of the hidden treasures of its 8,000-piece Chinese art collection. Ming to Modern: Elevating the Everyday in Chinese Art opened September 18, 2013 and runs through February 9, 2014.
Featuring more than 175 works, dating from the 16th century to present day, the exhibition showcases a vast range of the Museums collection from paintings and sculptures to ceramics, enamelware and lacquer ware to furniture, costumes and textiles. The majority of the works became part of the collection prior to 1941 and most have never been on display to the public.
In 1923, Museum founder John Cotton Dana co-organized the then ground-breaking exhibition China: The Land and the People that traveled to 20 cities in the United States. His ambition was to present the art, culture and industry of China in the broadest context, said Ulysses Grant Dietz, Chief Curator and Interim Co-Director of the Newark Museum. Ming to Modern takes a more refined approach, featuring extraordinary examples that demonstrate the highest levels of connoisseurship.
During the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing Dynasties (1644-1911), Chinese emperors competed with their predecessors by commissioning new works of art that imitated, honored or improved upon earlier imperial commissions. In China, these art objects always included everyday items. Tables and chairs were transformed into sculptures by adding gilding, lacquer or mother-of-pearl and cloisonné glass insets. Silks covered with artful embroideries were more than simple clothing or drapery: they became artistic statements. Ceramics were gilded treasures prized for their technical complexity, visual and tactile qualities and displayed as jewels on elite collectors shelves. Imagery of bird and flower paintings during the Ming Period made subversive critiques of the government where in the Qing period they became codified to support and reinforce the government.
Ming to Modern: Elevating the Everyday in Chinese Art is broadly divided into two sections. The first, Imperial Edge, showcases approximately 100 ceramic and enamel wares largely from the Ming and Qing Periods (1368-1911), but also includes works by contemporary artists. The historic works highlight examples from imperial kilns that were innovative for their time and demonstrate imperial competition and veneration. Some of the Museums imperial works are the other halves of pairs to holdings in the Palace Museum in Beijing and National Palace Museum in Taipei, said exhibition co-curator Katherine Anne Paul, curator of the Arts of Asia at the Museum. This section also includes Under Chinas Influence which features European and American ceramics that were inspired by or created to imitate Chinese ceramics, This phenomenon began in the 17th century and continues today, Dietz said.
The second section, Elite Interiors, highlights extremely rare paintings, furniture and lacquer wares as well as costumes and textiles. A large scale, late 19th-century family portrait of a matriarch with 15 members of her family seated in an elegant garden is spectacular, Paul said. Actual costumes and other accoutrements, such as snuff bottles, water pipes, pocket watches and fans like those featured in the painting also are on display. Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) paintings are paired next to Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) lacquered furniture that features similar birds and flowers; however, the interpretation of the animals significance differs greatly between these two time periods. Additionally, a selection of Taoist art, including robes, paintings and sculptures are highlighted.