Two major exhibitions at the Allen Memorial Art Museum
examine realism from its roots in mid-19th-century France to the present day. Regarding Realism and Modern and Contemporary Realisms provide fresh interpretations of works from the museum collection and are on view through June 22, 2014.
Realists sought to depict the world around them. They favored rugged shorelines, farm scenes, and ordinary people performing daily activitiessubjects deemed by the French Academy as unworthy of serious art. The Realism movementand the many artistic reactions to itcontinue to have great relevance today, which is why we chose it as the theme for this academic year and for a host of related events, said Andria Derstine, the museums John G. W. Cowles Director.
Whether by practicing direct observation, depicting accessible subjects, or portraying social truths, the Realists sought an aesthetic that was true to life. Regarding Realism shows how the movement first achieved cohesion in mid-19th-century France, where such artists as Gustave Courbet, Jean-François Millet, and Charles-François Daubigny began to frankly portray the natural landscape, working classes, and rural society. Open-air paintings and sketches Théodore Rousseaus landscape study La Source (ca. 1830), for example, set the stage for the later works of Impressionist and post-Impressionist artists, including Claude Monet, whose Wisteria (1919-20) is also on view.
The desire to depict contemporary lifesubjects from the artists immediate experience, rather than contrived scenes or historical subjectssoon reverberated throughout the rest of Europe and then in America. A monumental canvas by James McDougal Hart, Peaceful Homes (1868), is shown alongside prints by American Regionalists, such as Grant Wood and Thomas Hart Benton, who depicted everyday scenes of the Midwest. Urban scenes were favored by artists of the Ashcan SchoolJohn Sloan and George Luks, for examplewho recorded the grittiness of urban life.
Regarding Realism was organized by Curatorial Assistant Sara Green, a 2012 graduate of Oberlin College, with assistance from Assistant Curator of Modern and Contemporary Art Denise Birkhofer.
The works in Modern and Contemporary Realisms range from colorful Expressionist paintings of the early 20th century to highly detailed Photorealist works by Chuck Close and Audrey Flack. The artists are not concerned with creating truthful representations of actual people, places, or objects, but rather filter their subjects through their own particular style or aesthetic, said Assistant Curator of Modern and Contemporary Art Denise Birkhofer, who organized the exhibition.
Highlights include Picassos 1911 canvas, Glass of Absinthe, a Cubist work that retains a recognizable still-life subject, along with two paintings by Marc Chagall that offer dream-like compositions. Works in the Pop Art category include Andy Warhols silkscreened Jackie (1963), Claes Oldenburgs 13-foot Giant Saw (1966), and Red Grooms near-life-size Token Booth with Nude Commuters (1975). Also featured is a section of works in the Socialist Realism genreprimarily propagandistic works from China and the former Soviet Unionorganized by Curator of Academic Programs Liliana Milkova.