The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Monday, July 28, 2014


An enormous quarry dating to the Second Temple Period was exposed in Jerusalem
The artifacts that were found in Jerusalem. Photo: Clara Amit, courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority.
JERUSALEM.- An enormous quarry from the time of the Second Temple (first century CE) was exposed in recent weeks in excavations the Israel Antiquities Authority is carrying out prior to the paving of Highway 21 by the Moriah Company. A 2,000 year old key, pick axes, severance wedges etc are also among the artifacts uncovered during the course of the excavation.

According to Irina Zilberbod, excavation director on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, “The quarrying phenomenon created a spectacular sight of bedrock columns and steps and craters of sorts that were the result of the rock-cuttings. What remained are rock masses in various stages of quarrying, and there were those that were found in a preliminary stage of rock-cutting prior to detachment. Some of the stones that were quarried are more than 2 meters long. The giant stones were probably hewn for the sake of the construction of the city’s magnificent public buildings”.

Zilberbod explains, “The pick axes were used to cut the severance channels around the stone block in the bedrock surface and the arrowhead-shaped detachment wedge, which is solid iron, was designed to detach the base of the stone from the bedrock by means of striking it with a hammer. The key that was found, and which was probably used to open a door some 2,000 years ago, is curved and has teeth. What was it doing there? We can only surmise that it might have fallen from the pocket of one of the quarrymen”.

The enormous quarries that were exposed – totaling a 1,000 square meters in area – join other quarries that were previously documented and studied by the Israel Antiquities Authority. Research has shown that the northern neighborhoods of modern Jerusalem are situated on Jerusalem’s “city of quarries” from the Second Temple period.

The question arises: why did the quarrymen select this specific region. Researchers speculate that the answer to this lies in the Meleke rock formation found there, which is a type of rock that is easily quarried and hardens immediately after it is hewn.

In addition to this, since the northern area is topographically higher than the city of Jerusalem in the Second Temple period, it was presumably easy to transport the huge stones, some which weighed tens if not hundreds of tons, down hill along the slope to the construction sites. An ancient road dating to the Second Temple period was exposed next to the quarry and it was probably used to move the large stones.

Another puzzle regarding the transportation of such large stones is how were they actually moved? Presumably this was accomplished by means of oxen and wooden rollers, but the contemporary historical sources also mention giant wooden lifting devices.



Today's News

May 10, 2013

Monet's Garden: The Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris opens at the National Gallery of Victoria

Getty Museum acquires a Rembrandt self-portrait and a Venice painting by Canaletto

An enormous quarry dating to the Second Temple Period was exposed in Jerusalem

Frieze New York: Leading international contemporary art fair opens second edition in New York

Archaeologists find human remains of about 28 individuals thought to be approximately 1,500-2,500 years old

Impressionist 'chef' by Chaim Soutine cooks up record art sale at Christie's in New York

Italian luxury knitwear legend Ottavio "Tai" Missoni dead at 92 after heart trouble last week

First exhibition devoted exclusively to Donald Judd's multicolored works opens

Austrian filmmaker Michael Haneke wins Spain's Prince of Asturias prize for arts

The cuisine of painting: Still lifes, gastronomy and other matters of taste at the Valencian Institute of Modern Art

Marlborough Fine Art presents artist Hughie O'Donoghue's "A Need for Gardens"

Jill Newhouse Gallery in New York exhibits for first time the work of Gerard Mossé

Ana Mendieta's late works from 1981-1985 are focus of exhibition at Galerie Lelong

Chagall tops Bonhams Impressionist & Modern Art Auction in New York

Wellin Museum presents artist Dannielle Tegeder's first solo museum exhibition

Cristin Tierney announces partnership with Denis Gardarin

New paintings, photographs, and sculpture by Tofer Chin on view at Lu Magnus

Photojournalists on War: The Untold Stories from Iraq published by University of Texas Press

Solo exhibition of new work by Millie Wilson on view at Maloney Fine Art

Salvador's 'Pompeii' in need of help, UNESCO chief visits

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Archaeologists discover Roman 'free choice' cemetery in the 2,700-year-old ancient port of Rome

2.- Romanians must pay 18 million euros over Kunsthal Museum Rotterdam art heist

3.- Hello Kitty designer Yuko Yamaguchi defends cute character as cat turns 40 years old

4.- eBay and Sotheby's partner to bring world class art and collectibles to a global community

5.- Exhibition on Screen returns with new series of films bringing great art to big screens across the globe

6.- Marina Abramović reaches half way point of her '512 Hours' performance at the Serpentine Gallery

7.- The Phillips Collection in Washington introduces a uCurate app for curating on-the-go

8.- United States comic icon Archie Andrews dies saving openly gay character

9.- New feathered predatory fossil, unearthed in China, sheds light on dinosaur flight

10.- Exhibition at Thyssen Bornemisza Museum presents an analysis of the concept of the 'unfinished'



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Rmz. - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site