|The First Art Newspaper on the Net
||Established in 1996
|| Wednesday, August 24, 2016
|Cologne revives forgotten Jewish heritage piece by piece, but new museum proves divisive|
Funds are seen on an archaeological site on March 22, 2013 in Cologne, Germany. In August 2007 excavations started under way in the Town Hall Square. This is where, in the Middle Ages, one of the largest and even then, oldest urban Jewish Quarters was located. The excavations have proved that it is the oldest synagogue north of the Alps known. AFP PHOTO / PATRIK STOLLARZ.
By: Etienne Balmer
COLOGNE (AFP).- After long being sidelined for Roman excavations, an archaeological dig in western Germany has unearthed myriad traces of daily life in one of Europe's oldest and biggest Jewish communities.
From ceramic dishes and tools to toys, animal bones and jewellery, some 250,000 artefacts have so far shed light on various periods in 2,000 years of the city of Cologne's history.
And they include many piecing together Cologne's little-known but rich Jewish history.
But plans to display the findings, discovered since 2007 by head archaeologist Sven Schuette's team at the 10,000 square-metre (32,800 square-foot) city centre dig, in a new museum have proved divisive.
Just over 400 kilometres (260 miles) away, Berlin already hosts a large Jewish museum, and critics argue that Cologne cannot afford a new cultural project when its coffers are already in the red.
"For a very long time, archaeologists quite simply ignored the Jewish past of Cologne," Schuette told AFP.
"Anything that wasn't of Roman origin wasn't excavated, since the Middle Ages were of little matter and Jews weren't supposed to have played any role," he lamented.
From the 10th to 12th centuries, Cologne, today Germany's fourth-largest city, was one of Europe's biggest cities, even ahead of Paris and London, with about 50,000 inhabitants.
Its prosperous Jewish community numbered nearly 1,000 at its height.
On Hebrew-inscribed fragments of slate, aspects of daily life from the Middle Ages have intriguingly come to light via school children's teachings, rules and regulations, a bawdy knight's tale and even a bakery's customer list.
The history of the city's Jewish quarter spans 1,000 years, from Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages, and far from being closed-off, it was open and adjoined the Roman governor's imposing palace and later the city hall.
"Excavations show that the Jews in Cologne for a very long time were on good terms with the Christians, that their cohabitation saw long phases of peace and harmony," Schuette said.
He pointed to the synagogue's gothic-style and richly decorated altar having been constructed by craftsmen, possibly French, who had been working on the nearby cathedral building site.
But two events finally sounded the death knell for the Jewish quarter -- a crusader massacre in 1096, followed by its eventual annihilation in 1349 when the Christians made the Jews the scapegoat for a black plague epidemic.
Archaeologists hope to see their treasures on display in the new museum by 2017.
"It won't be a so-called ghetto museum limited to presenting religious artefacts but a museum tracing this quarter's daily life, its integration in to the Christian city, with the positive and negative aspects," Schuette said.
But the project has its detractors and opponents, he said, adding that an empty suitcase had been placed within the site recently, sparking a phoney bomb alert.
"And elsewhere someone engraved a swastika," he added.
Meanwhile the opposition conservative Christian Democrats (CDU) on the local council have attacked the plan over its cost and condemned as "madness" spending more than 50 million euros ($64 million) when the city is already deeply in debt.
"Cologne cannot allow itself to build a new museum," leading local CDU politician Volker Meertz said, also questioning how it would stand out from the Jewish museum in the German capital.
Some 2,800 people have signed a broad-based petition against the museum.
"The protest is populist. It's not baiting the far-right but it could be a platform for the far-right and political die-hards," Abraham Lehrer, a leading member of Cologne's Jewish community, said.
"Social expenditure is being cut independently of the museum's construction. If it isn't built, nothing will change," he told the weekly Juedische Allgemeine Zeitung.
© 1994-2013 Agence France-Presse
April 1, 2013
"German Thought and Painting, from Friedrich to Beckmann" opens at the Louvre Museum
Survey of five-decade career of photographer Steve Schapiro on view at Kunsthalle Rostock
Magnificent prints from 16th-century France on view at Stanford's Cantor Arts Center
Fondazione Magnani Rocca opens Delvaux and Surrealism: An enigma among De Chirico, Magritte, and Ernst
Beatles "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" album sells for $290,500 at auction: report
Cologne revives forgotten Jewish heritage piece by piece, but new museum proves divisive
Painters and Paintings in the Early American South at The Museums of Colonial Williamsburg
Surrealism & Duchamp: Moderna Museet in Stockholm opens new exhibition
Christie's launches spring photographs sales with the landmark sale of Modernist masterworks
Yale School of Art presents recent paintings by Italian artist Francesco Clemente
Miroslaw Balka's "The Order of Things" on view at Gladstone Gallery in New York
Twenty-five vintage color photographs by Luigi Ghirri on view at Matthew Marks Gallery
First major exhibition to examine Chinese reclusion as a response to political turmoil opens
First major display of Japanese Outsider Art in the UK opens at the Wellcome Collection
Off Beat: Exhibition of photographs by A-CHAN opens at Steven Kasher Gallery
Tiancheng International's Spring Auction of Modern and Contemporary Art will be held on 6 April
Traveling exhibition of moving image by over thirty Nordic artists launches throughout New York City
Cahiers d'Art: Legendary early 20th century publishing house, gallery, and magazine relaunches
The Independent Group: Parallel of Art & Life at the Institute of Contemporary Arts
40 black-and-white photographs by German photographer Wilhelm Schürmann on view at Fotohof
Most Popular Last Seven Days
1.- Goya's Black Paintings reveal their secrets 200 years later
2.- 500-year-old German engraving by Albrecht Durer surfaces at French flea market
3.- X-ray flourescence and image processing unmask the woman Degas painted over
4.- Swimsuit mural of Hillary Clinton creates a stir in Australia
5.- Dali and Lempicka paintings stolen from museum 'found after seven years'
6.- Japan exhibition mourns fading sex culture
7.- Steven and Ann Ames collection to lead Sotheby's New York sales this November
8.- Ancient Australian flesh-eating marsupial discovered
9.- Swimsuit mural of Hillary Clinton creates a stir in Australia
10.- David Huddleston, 'The Big Lebowski,' dies at 85
Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .
|Royalville Communications, Inc|
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.