NEW YORK, NY.- The Bahamas, which will host its inaugural pavilion at the 55th International Venice Biennale in 2013, will present a multi-sensory installation by Tavares Strachan that investigates themes of heroic exploration, cultural displacement, oral history, and the shifting of cultural narratives over time. The immersive environment of Polar Eclipse will exist in two dimensions: as a single, comprehensive installation, and as a collection of individual artworks. Key works will include a 14-channel video installation, a sound installation, and a selection of neon-light works.
Strachan specifically explores often-invisible shifts in cultures, physical environments, and recounted histories over both space and time, in the wake of globalization and narratives of progress. Having lived and worked in the Bahamas for much of his life, these issues are reflective of Strachans biography and emigrant experience. Three geographically and culturally disparate sitesthe Venice Arsenale, downtown Nassau, and the North Polewill momentarily coexist in the Bahamian pavilion.
The main exhibition space will feature a 10-foot, 360-degree video installation. Sixteen monitors will play documentation of Strachans reenactment of a historic narrative: the 1909 polar expedition of Robert Peary and Matthew Alexander Henson. Henson, Pearys associate, is often credited as the first American to reach the pole. However, various written and oral iterations of that journeywhether Henson reached the Pole before the physically incapacitated Peary, whether Henson planted the American flag, and their complex relationship to one another and to Inuit communitiesremain fluid and contested, more reflective of shifting ideologies than historic truth.
Also included in the show are neon-light sculptures that further address the theme of belonging through a more conceptual approach. Here and Now (2013) consists of three light sculptures titled, I Belong Here, You Belong Here, We Belong Here. The works speak to the idea of displacement more directly, immediately confronting the viewer with the problematics of belonging and place. Im fascinated by the idea of being in two or more places at once, and exploring difference that way, says Strachan. The way that the Venice Biennale, historically and now, deploys the idea of difference as cultural tourism is an interesting problem to work with.
One way in which Strachan attempts to problematize the lingering Biennale model of nationally-defined spaces is through the work. As The Bahamas celebrated forty years of independence this year, Strachan arranged for a corresponding number of schoolchildren in Nassau to learn a song from a rapidly vanishing Inuit folk tradition called ayayathen brought them to Venice to perform it. Among Inuit, ayaya is both a fundamental means of individual expression and a process of intergenerational bonding. In the transnational space of the Arsenale, the song is both evidence of meaningful exchange between liminal communities, and a signifier of the cultural displacement that makes such exchanges possible. Virtually untranslatable, the song operates outside the much-touted internationalism of the global art world.
Beyond concepts of difference, several of Strachans past projects have found their basis in the relationship between scientific research and narratives of progress. One of his major topics has been orthostatic tolerancethe bodys ability to circumvent hypotension and withstand pressure during gravitational stress, often caused by quick changes of altitude. Although orthostatic tolerance can describe a change as simple as the bodys reaction to standing up quickly after being seated, Strachans art investigates the more extreme circumstances of being launched into the earths stratosphere or submerged to the oceans depths, focusing on the ability of life to acclimatize itself to radically inhospitable environments. His investigations have extended to hands-on training at the Yuri Gagarin Russian State Science Research Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City, Russia, as well as a residency at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he worked with some of this institutions cutting-edge scientists.
Strachans scientific explorations are tied to his establishment of the nascent Bahamas Aerospace and Sea Exploration Center (BASEC) in his native country. In the course of working with BASEC, Strachan has made several rockets wholly from Bahamian natural resources (glass from beach sand, and fuel from sugarcane) and launched them 15 to 20 miles into the earths stratosphere, before collecting and presenting their fallen remnants as sculptural relics. His experimentations with BASEC and his research into extreme conditions have been the basis for exhibitions at the University of Pennsylvanias Institute of Contemporary Art in Philadelphia (2008); Grand Arts in Kansas City, Missouri (also 2008); and MIT List Visual Arts Center in Cambridge, MA (2010).
The Bahamas Pavilion is curated by Jean Crutchfield and Robert Hobbs with major support granted by Nalini Bethel of The Bahamas Ministry of Tourism. Produced by Christopher Hoover, Michael Hall, and Christophe Thompson, with Director of Programs Stamatina Gregory, and Venice producer Fiona Biggiero.
Tavares Strachan (b. 1979, Nassau, Bahamas; lives in New York City) received a BFA from the Rhode Island School of Design in 2003 and an MFA from Yale University in 2006. Strachan may be best known for his internationally celebrated 2006 piece titled The Distance Between What We Have and What We Want, consisting of a 4.5-ton block of ice harvested in a river near Mount McKinley, Alaska. The ice was then sent via Federal Express to the Bahamas, where it was placed in a transparent refrigerated case and exhibited in Nassau. Ironically, solar power was used to keep the ice frozen.
His solo shows include Orthostatic Tolerance: It Might Not Be Such a Bad Idea if I Never Went Home Again, MIT List Visual Arts Center, Cambridge, MA (2010); Orthostatic Tolerance: Launching from an Infinite Distance, Grand Arts, Kansas City, MO (2010); Tavares Strachan: Orthostatic Tolerance, the Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (2009); Where We Are is Always Miles Away, The Luggage Store, San Francisco, CA (2006); and The Difference Between What We Have and What We Want, Albury Sayle Primary School, Nassau, The Bahamas (2006).