NEW YORK, NY.- With the opening of their groundbreaking show this week, the gallery has been inundated with requests for information on these master mid-century works. Organized in collaboration with the leading modern ceramic dealer in Japan, SHIBUYA KURODATOEN CO., LTD., this is the concluding exhibition of their thirty-fifth anniversary year. There has been an overwhelming response with many of the featured works having been acquired by prominent collectors and reserves placed by major American museums.
Taken from the ancient theme of The Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, the shows title references the third-century group of learned Chinese men who escaped the corruption and intrigues of the court, and often met in a bamboo grove where they held influential discussions about life, art and culture. This exhibition features the work of seven Japanese masters of clay who are enormously celebrated in Japan but remain relatively unknown in the West: ARAKAWA Toyozō, ISHIGURO Munemaro, KAMODA Shōji, KAWAKITA Handeishi, KITAŌJI Rosanjin, OKABE Mineo and YAGI Kazuo. These men transformed and surpassed the classical standard for functional ceramic excellencedevotion to the ancient Chinese traditions or allegiance to the late16th-century Momoyama tea wares, thought to be the golden-age acme of Japanese ceramicsand brought to their oeuvres a new, modern and highly influential sensibility.
Many of the artists never had the opportunity to communicate or collaborate with each other, so this exhibition provides a visual forum or virtual bamboo grove. Individually and as a group, they paved the way for the succeeding post-war generation of clay artists who collectively have been referred to as the new Golden Age of Japanese Ceramics.
Born in Mino, ARAKAWA TOYOZŌ (1894-1985) changed Japanese ceramic history with his famous discovery of the true origin of shino ceramics on a shard with a bamboo shoot pattern found at Mutabora, where in 1933, he established his kiln. In 1955, he was the first of four ceramists to be designated, as what came to be known, a Living National Treasure, and was honored for his powerful Momoyama-inspired shino and setoguro (black seto) functional work.
ISHIGURO MUNEMARO (1893-1968) won the Silver Prize at the Paris Exposition of 1937 and was one of the first in 1955, along with Arakawa, to be selected as a Living National Treasure for his iron glaze. Ishiguro's nontraditional pieces, which were only exhibited in group shows, are marked by powerful potting and bold, vigorous designs. He was also a noted collector of Han and Song dynasty ceramics and composed Chinese poetry that he often incised on his vessels. Through his detailed study of Song material, he became the first to recreate that epochs glorious persimmon temmoku iron glaze.
KAMODA SHŌJI (1933-83) awakened the entire conservative Japanese traditional ceramic world to a new vision of the concept of function. Never satisfied with his work, Kamoda created infinitely varied shapes and forms with ever-changing innovative patterns that were not based on any previous style or tradition. His sold-out exhibitions led to a near-cult-like status. Thirty years after his pre-mature death at age 49, his works remain highly influential and among the most sought-after by important Japanese collectors and museums.
One of the artists to have the largest impact on the Japanese tea world was KAWAKITA HANDEISHI (1878-1963), a prosperous banker, who held several important financial positions but who also found time for calligraphy, painting, poetry and photography. At the age of fifty, Handeishi turned exclusively to the world of clay and brought new life to a then-stagnant field. His very personal, charming and delightful teabowls and other tea implements have influenced many young ceramists who in turn became masters.
Master of an enormous range of glazes, KITAŌJI Rosanjin 1883-1959) produced superb functional vessels in stoneware and porcelain that were used in his celebrated and exclusive eating club in Kyoto. A friend of Noguchi Isamu, towards the end of his life, Rosanjin traveled to the US and Europe, where his work was already receiving broad recognition. When selected in 1955 for Living National Treasure designation for his mastery of oribe, he indignantly declined the honor as Arakawa, his former apprentice, had already been selected for shino ceramics.
Although born into a famous ceramic family, OKABE MINEO (1919-90) fought throughout his youth to avoid such a career. However, he was forced to return to that world after imprisonment in the Philippines during WWII, where upon he struggled to survive as an impoverished potter. Starting in the early 1950s, with new bold work inspired in part by ancient Jōmon vessels but covered in his uniquely brilliant blue-green oribe (ao-oribe) glaze, Okabe began to win prestigious prizes. About ten years later, he tackled the very difficult cracklure celadon glaze with extraordinary results, making some of the most beautiful celadons ever created.
YAGI KAZUO (1918-79) was the central figure and spokesman for the Sōdeisha group that was founded in 1948 and revolutionized the idea of ceramics in Japan. While focused on objets that were neither purely sculptural nor functional, he respected utility and incorporated the western aesthetics of artists such as Paul Klee and Joan Miro into his distinctly Japanese forms. Yagi became the standard bearer of this field and revolutionized the perception of ceramics in postwar Japan through today.