The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Friday, November 21, 2014


The McNay Art Museum presents Real/Surreal featuring paintings from The Whitney Museum
Edward Hopper, Seven A. M., 1948. Oil on canvas. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; purchase and exchange 50.8. © Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.
SAN ANTONIO, TX.- The permeable boundary between the real and the imagined is the subject of Real/Surreal, at the McNay Art Museum. A close look at the interconnection between two of the strongest currents in twentieth-century American art, the exhibition includes paintings, drawings, photographs, and prints made in the years before, during, and immediately after the Second World War by such artists as Charles Burchfield, Paul Cadmus, Joseph Cornell, Philip Guston, Edward Hopper, Man Ray, Ben Shahn, Charles Sheeler, Yves Tanguy, George Tooker, and Andrew Wyeth. The exhibition has been organized by Whitney curator Carter Foster.

An international movement in art and literature, Surrealism originated in Europe in the 1920s. Its practitioners tapped the subconscious mind to create fantastic, non-rational worlds. While some explored abstraction and used the subconscious to directly influence the formal structure of their work, others developed imagery with strong roots in traditional painting. This vein of Surrealism flourished most famously in the work of Salvador Dalí and René Magritte, and influenced a host of artists in the United States. As the movement spread internationally and some of the major figures moved to this country in the upheavals of the War, its ideas became more diffuse and permeated both art and popular culture.

This exhibition focuses on the tension and overlap between realism and Surrealism. Although the term “realism” has many facets, a basic connection to the observable world underlies all of them; the subversion of reality through the imagination and the subconscious lies at the heart of Surrealism. Surrealism was a liberating force which allowed for all manner of fantastic, unreal imagery, but it also greatly influenced how artists perceived and represented reality. Those who absorbed its ideas learned to invest objects and spaces with symbolic power, making them representative of psychic states, moods, and subconscious impulses. They favored narrative ambiguity over explicitness, intentionally allowing viewers to project their own subjectivity onto the work, so that the viewer’s imagination, and the artist’s, could intertwine.

Yet there are convergences in these different and even oppositional approaches to experience, and they encourage new ways of looking at the art of the twenties, thirties, and forties in America. For example, Edward Hopper, the artist most closely identified with the Whitney, is a painter whose own subjectivity and imagination are integral to his work. Many artists who developed imagery based on new and very specific, concrete conditions of industrial America were essentially interested in artificial worlds and presented these as distillations of reality. Even totally abstract painters such as Yves Tanguy depended on techniques developed from traditional realist art to render other worlds. By willfully distorting such techniques, Helen Lundeberg and Mabel Dwight could quietly undercut our sense of stability, while showing us recognizable and even mundane objects and settings.

Most of the artists on view were academically trained and had a full command of traditional painting and drawing techniques. Those directly connected to European Surrealism or strongly influenced by it used these techniques to subvert and alter the observable world. Harder to categorize are those whose work has certain qualities in common with Surrealism but who tinkered subtly with reality rather than dramatically changing it to expressive ends. Like the Surrealists, their strategies make the familiar unfamiliar, unsettling, or uncanny, and often involve manipulating the tools of representational art. Some, for example, distort spatial perspective by compressing or exaggerating it. They may crop or fragment what they depict, create strange juxtapositions of objects, or unusual shifts in scale; they may distill or accentuate normal qualities in their surroundings—light, shadow, materials, textures—so that these appear abnormal or weird.

Sigmund Freud, whose theories were seminal for Surrealism, described how the uncanny happens when “the distinction between imagination and reality is effaced,” a fitting description of much of the work in this exhibition.

This exhibition was organized by the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.





Today's News

February 13, 2013

The McNay Art Museum presents Real/Surreal featuring paintings from The Whitney Museum

Sotheby's Contemporary Art Sale brings £74.4m/$116.4m- 2nd highest total for a February auction in London

Rarotonga pole club leads art of the South Seas Auction at Bonhams in San Francisco

Discovering the Civil War, landmark exhibition from Washington D.C.'s National Archives

Exhibition featuring over seventy-five artists examines works made or exhibited in New York City 20 years ago

Kate Fowle is new Chief Curator for Garage Center for Contemporary Culture in Moscow

Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art announces leadership realignment to support strategic plan

Michael Hoppen Contemporary opens exhibition of Michael Eastman's Havana series

Up, up and away: Oscar Wilde's poem 'Les Ballons' for sale at Bonhams in London

The Hyde Collection announces appointment of Charles A. Guerin as new Director

Bonhams appoint Jennifer Gibson Head of Fine Furniture, Decorative Arts and Asian Art in Australia

George Washington's farewell address on exhibit at New York State Museum in Albany

Bonhams New York to offer Mel Ramos' iconic 1960s super-villain The Trickster

Cincinnati Art Museum Chief Curator James Crump resigns

Moody Foundation awards $20 million to Rice University for new Center for the Arts

Mixed Greens opens installation by Stacey Watson viewable through a peephole

Renaud Proch announced as Independent Curators International Executive Director

Smithsonian Books releases graphic novel-style biography of Charles Darwin

The Rose Art Museum opens exhibitions by Walead Beshty and Sam Jury

Talking sex in Vancouver: Museum of Vancouver tackles taboo subject by exploring its cultural history

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Most expensive photograph by David Wojnarowicz sold at Bonhams New York

2.- The Vatican's Sistine Chapel dazzles thanks to a revolutionary new lighting system

3.- Alberto Giacometti's 1950 bronze sculpture 'Chariot' sells for $101m at Sotheby's New York

4.- Christie's to offer 21 seminal works from Cindy Sherman's Untitled Film Stills series

5.- Alberto Giacometti sculpture set to fetch $100 million at Sotheby's New York auction

6.- Archaeologist Daniele Manacorda's proposal to restore Colosseum's area sparks Italy debate

7.- Exhibitions at the Metropolitan Museum of Art and National Gallery of Art honor El Greco

8.- Solo exhibition of the work of Spanish painter Antonio Cazorla opens at Bernarducci Meisel Gallery

9.- Paris' Museum of Modern Art opens exhibition of the work of Sonia Delaunay

10.- 'Rembrandt and the Dutch Golden Age' opens at the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site