SEATTLE, WA.- The Frye Art Museum
presents a major United States museum exhibition of Nicolai Fechin (18811955), an émigré Russian-American painter renowned for his distinctive and innovative painterly style. Comprising fifty-five paintings and drawings, the exhibition draws from the holdings of the Frye Art Museum, museums in the United States, and private lenders in both Russia and the United States.
Curated by Frye Director Jo-Anne Birnie Danzker, Nicolai Fechin concentrates on the early years of the artists career in Russia, a period in which the Frye Art Museum has particular strength, and concludes with paintings from Fechins time in Taos and California. The exhibition provides a rare opportunity to recognize the accomplishments of this important painter. It is the first overview of Fechins work at the Frye since 1976.
In 1911, place of honor in the Annual Winter Exhibition of the National Academy of Design in New York was assigned to a painting by the then thirty-year-old Fechin. His savage, splendid, and heterogeneous canvas displayed a barbaric mastery of form and color. Fechins early preference for thick layers of color and pigment with very little oil, and a penchant for conflating the real and the abstract, would bring him international acclaim in the first decades of the twentieth century.
A protégé of the Russian master Ilya Repin, Nicolai Fechin burst onto the international scene only two years earlier, at the 1909 International Exhibition of the Munich Secession and Munich Künstlergenossenschaft (Artists Association) where he was awarded a medal. With an invitation to participate in the international exhibition of the Munich Secession in 1910, and in the Annual Exhibition at the Carnegie Institute in Pittsburgh the same year, Fechin and his star canvases, broadly painted and insistent with personality, became a significant presence in the major exhibitions of the day in both Europe and the United States.
American collector William S. Stimmel of Pittsburgh began purchasing the artists paintings, among them Lady in Pink (Portrait of Natalia Podbelskaya), today a highlight of the collection of the Frye Art Museum. Considered one of Fechins masterpieces, this canvas was exhibited in the International Exhibition at the Carnegie Institute in 1913 and in the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco in 1915 where it was presented together with the work of Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Claude Monet, Camille Pissarro, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Alfred Sisley.
Fleeing disease, hunger, and the turmoil of post-revolutionary Russia, Fechin and his family moved to the United States in 1923. Here he continued to attract attention in the landmark Exhibition of Russian Painting and Sculpture at the Brooklyn Museum in 1923, and in a solo exhibition at the Art Institute of Chicago the same year where his bold, striking technique was praised by critics. While teaching at New Yorks newly established Grand Central School of Art co-founded by artist John Singer Sargent, Fechin met Armenian artist Arshile Gorky (1904?1948), who greatly admired his work. Fechin also kept company with Russian expatriate David Burliuk, known as the father of Russian Futurism. Ill health, however, would force Fechin to leave New York and move to Taos where he built his own home as a Gesamtkunstwerk, or total work of art, and began painting portraits of the indigenous peoples of the region. Later travels to Mexico and Bali resulted in depictions of local inhabitants that echoed Fechins earliest portrayals of Russian peasant life.