Illustrator Seymour Chwast is graphic designer Paula Schers greatest influence, and also happens to be her husband. With a shared sensibility and approach to design, their work has transformed the fields in which they practice. Double Portrait: Paula Scher and Seymour Chwast, Graphic Designers celebrates the achievements of this remarkably creative couple, whose illustrations and designs are being shown together for the first time. The exhibition in the Collab Gallery of the Philadelphia Museum of Art
s Ruth and Raymond G. Perelman Building includes more than 300 images, selected and installed by Chwast (b.1931) and Scher (b. 1948). On Saturday, December 1, they were honored with the Design Excellence Award given by Collab, the group of design professionals and enthusiasts that supports the modern and contemporary design collection at the Museum.
Thanks to the efforts and generosity of Collab, we are the only Museum in the country to regularly devote our galleries to exhibitions about contemporary designers, notes Kathryn Bloom Hiesinger, Curator of European Decorative Arts after 1700. It is an extraordinary opportunity to be able to view Scher and Chwasts work, side by side, in a museum setting. Seen in concert, their iconic images, social commentary, and commercial relevance speak to graphic designs ability to transcend the mediums perceived boundaries.
Both Chwast and Scher understand graphics as expression, very often comic expression, and are drawn to eclectic influences and conceptual methods. Double Portrait explores the artists commonalities and differences in works ranging from record albums, books, magazine covers, and illustrations to posters, typefaces, trademarks, identities, and environmental graphics shown in videos and in the gallery.
The exhibition demonstrates how Chwasts vision was, and remains, deeply personal, inspired by sources as diverse as German Expressionist woodcuts, Victorian typography, childrens art, primitive art, folk art, and comic books. On view is one of Chwasts most iconic and still provocative works of the 1960s, his anti-war poster End Bad Breath (1968), designed in protest of the U.S. bombing of Hanoi. Both cartoon and illustration, the poster features Uncle Sam centered like the sun against a background of thick rays, his hugely open mouth filled with bombs and bombers. In his poster War is Good Business: Invest Your Son (1967), Chwast used a collage style of Victorian wood-block typography, photography, and bright color to create a dense, visually busy surface that activates his ironic text message.
Scher is best known for her innovative re-imagining of typography as a communicative medium, her work divided largely between the fields of graphic identity and environmental graphics. Her identity program and posters for New Yorks Public Theater (from 1994), are featured in Double Portrait, including the graphic language designed for The Public Theater which reflects street typography with unconventional placements and uses of different sizes, weights, and styles of type. Her poster for the theaters production of Bring in Da Noise, Bring in Da Funk (1995) sets the plays title and theater logos around the silhouetted image of the tap artist in different visual rhythms which convey the sound of the performance. Schers environmental graphics for the New Jersey Performing Arts Centers Lucent Technologies Center for Arts Education (2001), utilizes super graphics to redraw the exterior of the sixty-year old school building in typography with painted words loudly announcing the schools program as Theater, Music, Dance.
Seymour Chwast studied at New Yorks Cooper Union and, after graduating, co-founded the Push Pin Studios in 1954 with classmates Milton Glaser and Edward Sorel. Widely influential, Push Pin broadened the boundaries of modern design by reintroducing historic graphic styles and techniques, transforming them into a new, contemporary vocabulary. Throughout a varied career in promotion and publishing, Chwasts designs have been used in advertising, animated films, and editorial, corporate, and environmental graphics for such clients as Mobil, Sony, Forbes, and Columbia Records, and his illustrations have appeared in The New York Times, The New Yorker, The Atlantic, and Time. He has created more than 100 posters and has designed and illustrated more than 40 childrens books. His work has been the subject of Seymour Chwast: The Left Handed Designer (Abrams, 1985) and Seymour: The Obsessive Images of Seymour Chwast (Chronicle, 2009). Museums such as the Museum of Modern Art and the Library of Congress have collected his posters, and he has lectured and exhibited worldwide.
Paula Scher holds a BFA from the Tyler School of Art and a Doctor of Fine Arts Honoris Causa from the Corcoran College of Art and Design, the Maryland Institute College of Art, and Moore College of Art & Design. She began her professional career as an art director in the mid-1970s designing record covers for CBS and Atlantic Records, developing an eclectic approach to typography that became highly influential. In 1991, Scher became a partner in Pentagram, the distinguished international design consultancy. Scher has developed identity and branding systems, promotional materials, environmental graphics, packaging, and publication designs for a broad range of major corporate and institutional clients including, among others, the Museum of Modern Art, New York City Ballet, the Metropolitan Opera, Jazz at Lincoln Center, the New York Philharmonic, Bloomberg L.P., Citibank, Microsoft, Tiffany & Co. and the Sundance Film Festival as well as the Public Theater and The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. Throughout her career, Scher has been the recipient of hundreds of industry honors and awards and served on numerous boards. Her work is represented in the permanent collections of museums including the Museum of Modern Art, New York, and the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris. She has lectured and exhibited all over the world, and has taught for more than 20 years. She has authored numerous articles and is a frequent design contributor to The New York Times, GQ and other publications. In 2002, Princeton Architectural Press published her career monograph Make It Bigger as well as her map-based paintings, installations, drawings, and prints in Paula Scher: Maps, in 2011.
Both Scher and Chwast have received the medal of the American Institute of Graphic Arts, their professions highest honor, Chwast in 1985, Scher in 2001. In 1983 and 1998, respectively, Chwast and Scher have been inducted into the Art Directors Club Hall of Fame.