NEW YORK, NY.- Sothebys
Important Watches & Clocks auction in New York on 4 December 2012 will be led by The Duc dOrléans Breguet Sympathique, a distinguished example of the exceptionally rare Sympathique clocks that helped cement the fame and renown of French watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet. No other horological invention has been as consistently associated with the palaces and grand houses of the European royalty and aristocracy as the Breguet Sympathiques. The present example, named The Duc dOrléans after its patron and dated to 1835, has the most complex Sympathique mechanism of all known examples: it is the only one known to wind, set time and regulate its accompanying pocket watch, via the integrated cradle mounted onto the clocks pediment. This magnificent clock is further distinguished by having been in the celebrated Time Museum collection assembled by Seth Atwood*, and its winding mechanism was restored by the 20th centurys most illustrious Horologist and watchmaker Dr. George Daniels, MBE, CBE. The Duc dOrléans carries an estimate in excess of $5 million**, and will be on view in Sothebys York Avenue galleries beginning 1 December as part of the full Watches & Clocks viewing.
Ferdinand-Philippe assumed the title of Duc dOrléans in 1830, when his father Louis Philippe became King of France. The Duc was well educated, with a distinguished military career and a clear passion for the arts. He is said to have regularly spent more than a tenth of his annual million-Franc income on art and cultural patronage, collecting medieval works of art, Chinese porcelain, fine furniture, and modern paintings by artists such as Camille Corot and Theodore Rousseau.
In commissioning his Sympathique, the Duc dOrleans clearly wanted to combine the latest technology with a decorative design, sumptuously styled in a manner that would befit his apartments in the Pavillion de Marsan, part of the Louvre complex. The Duc was no stranger to Breguet: the dOrléans had been patrons since the horologists very beginning, and Ferdinand-Philippes grandfather purchased one of Breguets first self-winding watches in 1780. It was essential that the design of the clock case would complement the redesign of the Pavillion de Marsan, and so the Duc turned to his architect Charles-Auguste Questel to design it. Questels bronzier, Guillaume Denière, would later exhibit the clock at the Exposition des Produits de lIndustrie in Paris in 1839, to show off the Boulle-style case.
Abraham-Louis Breguet was exiled in Switzerland during the French Revolution, and there conceived the ingenious idea of the Sympathique. The clocks were primarily designed to demonstrate the quality and ability of his craft and to enhance his already distinguished reputation as the most innovative horologist of his time. The complexity of the Sympathiques was such that construction could take years. Although the Duc dOrléanss clock is numbered as part of a series started ten years after Abraham-Louis Breguets death, the watch itself belongs to a series begun in 1794. Judging by the amount of time it took to complete Breguets most complicate pieces, the 1836 sale date indicates that he was responsible for its conception.
The Time Museum Collection & Connection to George Daniels
In 1974, American collector Seth G. Atwood approached master watchmaker and Breguet scholar Dr. George Daniels with a list of must have pieces including a Sympathique for a collection that would become the Time Museum in Rockford, Illinois. Ultimately the Time Museum was considered the most important horological collection in the world, until it was closed in 1999 and its contents sold at Sothebys auctions in 1999, 2002 and 2004.
Locating a Breguet Sympathique was not an easy request, given that all known examples were already in museums. Daniels managed to locate an example in Paris through a French antiques dealer, but the entire self-winding mechanism was missing. At this time in 1974, Daniels was the acknowledged expert of Breguets work, and thus Atwood was pleased to have Daniels restore the missing self-winding mechanism. Daniels would publish his book The Art of Breguet the following year.
Approximately 12 Sympathiques are known at this time. Of the existing clocks, three were made for the Spanish Crown, four for the Russian crown, one was commissioned by Napoleon as a state gift for the Turkish Sultan Mahmut II and one by the British King George IV. Of the entire group, eight are retained by National Museums. Only four have been offered at public auction, of which one is now in The Beyer Museum in Zurich. The others, including the present piece, were purchased by private collectors. Of the known clocks, few have remained in their original state, some no longer possess their original watches, while others have been stripped of both the watch and its syncing connections to the Sympathique.
* The Duc dOrléans Breguet Sympathique was last offered at auction in Sothebys 1999 sale of Masterpieces from the Time Museum, where it achieved $5,777,500 this price remains the auction record for any clock.
**Pre-sale estimate does not include buyers premium.