NEW YORK, NY.-
Raising profound issues about identity, sexuality, and gender, Christer Strömholm: Les Amies de Place Blanche, on view at the International Center of Photography
May 18September 2, 2012, presents 40 photographs, historical publications, and ephemera documenting young transgender males in the heart of Paris red-light district in the 1960s.
Arriving in Paris in the late 1950s, Christer Strömholm (Stockholm, 19182002) settled in Place Blanche, home of the famous Moulin Rouge. There, he befriended and photographed young transsexualsladies of the nightstruggling to live as women and to raise money for sex-change operations. In General Charles de Gaulles ultra-conservative France, transvestites were outlaws, regularly abused and arrested by the police for being men dressed as women outside the period of carnival. Some of these women had tragic fates. Others, like Nana and Jacky, eventually fulfilled their destiny and led happy lives as women. Living alongside them for 10 years, Strömholm photographed his subjects in their hotel rooms, in bars, and in the streets of Paris.
These intimate portraits and Brassaï-like lush night scenes form a magnificent, dark, and moving photo album, a vibrant tribute to these girls, said ICP Curatorial Assistant Pauline Vermare, who organized the exhibition. These photographs were first published in Sweden in 1983, and the book Vännerna från Place Blanche (The Girlfriends of Place Blanche)which will be reissued this year in French and Englishquickly sold out, becoming a cult classic and solidifying Strömholm as one of the great photographers of the 20th century. The work for this exhibition is provided by the Strömholm Estate in Stockholm, the Marvelli Gallery in New York, and from the collection of Alice Zimet.
As Strömholm wrote in 1983: These are images of people whose lives I shared and whom I think I understood. These are images of womenbiologically born as menthat we call transsexuals. As for me, I call them my friends of Place Blanche. It was thenand still isabout obtaining the freedom to choose ones own life and identity.
Christer Strömholm is a lesser known artist, but may well be the father figure of Scandinavian photography. A prominent artist and winner of the prestigious Hasselblad Award in 1997, he was also an influential teacher and the mentor to some of todays leading Swedish photographers including J.H. Engström, Anders Petersen, and Lars Tunbjörk. Highly revered in his native Sweden since the 1980s, he is still little known outside of Europe. This exhibition is the first presentation of Strömholms work in an American museum, and features his most powerful and acclaimed body of work.