NEW YORK, NY.-
On June 22, Christies
New York will offer one of the most evocative and revealing American historical artifacts: George Washingtons personal copy of the Acts of Congress, including the Constitution and draft Bill of Rights, a volume specially printed and bound for him in 1789, his first year in office as first President of the United States (estimate: $2-3 million). It is in near-pristine condition, after 223 years. On the cover, President of the United States is embossed in gold. On the marbled endpaper is Washingtons personal bookplate, engraved with his motto, Exitus acta probat. Washington added to the title-page a bold signature G˚: Washington. Remarkably, in the margins of the Constitution, Washington has added careful brackets and marginal notes. These notations highlight key passages concerning the Presidents responsibilities, testifying to Washingtons careful, conscientious approach to his powers and responsibilities in his ground-breaking first term. This elegant, slim volume epitomizes Washington's multiple, indispensable roles in the creation of the nation. As he affirmed at his first inaugural, in April 1789, I was summoned by my country, whose voice I can never hear but with veneration and love.
It was printed and bound especially for the president by a New York bookbinder, Thomas Allen, who created two similar volumes for the first Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson, and Attorney General John Jay. Jeffersons copy is in the Lilly Library in Indiana, and Jays is in a private collection.
Washingtons copy of the Acts of Congress remained in the library at Mount Vernon for many years after Washingtons death in 1799, but in 1876, many of his books, including this volume, was sold at auction. Later, it was acquired by the Heritage Foundation of Deerfield, Massachusetts, and sold it at auction in 1964. It was acquired by the noted Americana collector Richard Dietrich. It is being offered for sale by the Dietrich American Foundation, which he established in 1963 to collect and document historically important examples of American decorative and fine arts as well as documents, manuscripts and paintings.
Rare books and manuscripts relating to the most revered and respected American presidents have inspired record prices at Christies in recent years. An autograph manuscript of Lincolns 1864 election victory speech sold for $3,442,500 in February 2009, the highest price for any American manuscript. An autograph letter written in 1787 by George Washington to his nephew Bushrod Washington, on the subject of the ratification of the Constitution, set a record for a Washington document of $3,218,500 in December 2009.