The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Monday, October 20, 2014


The Museo del Prado shows Goya's first documented painting for a period of six years
Francisco de Goya, The victorious Hannibal, 1771.
MADRID.- The display of The victorious Hannibal at the Museo del Prado offers visitors an exceptional opportunity to see one of the most important and impressive works from Goya’s early career. Painted in the spring of 1771, it falls within a period not previously represented in the Prado’s rich and remarkable collection of the artist’s works. Through an agreement reached between the Museum and the Fundación Selgas-Fagalde to promote and disseminate their respective collections and the artistic heritage that these institutions house, Goya’s work is being shown at the Prado alongside his Italian Notebook, a sketchbook that he acquired during his time in Italy (1769-71). Among numerous other drawings and annotations, it contains sketches for the composition of The victorious Hannibal and its principal figures, namely Hannibal and the bull’s head of the allegorical figure of the River Po, which the Carthaginian general crossed.

The victorious Hannibal is a work of clearly outstanding technical merit, evident in its harmonious composition, skilled treatment of light, and the deft, firm brushstrokes that model the figures through colour and light.

The painting was first presented as an undoubtedly autograph work by Goya in 1994, a year after it had been identified at the Prado and as part of one of the exhibitions organised to celebrate the Museum’s 175th anniversary. It now returns to the Prado for display in one of the Goya galleries for six years through the present agreement. In return, the Prado will carry out the technical study and restoration of five works in the Fundación Selgas-Fagalde collection and organise two exhibitions to be held at the Fundación in Cudillero (Asturias).

The victorious Hannibal seeing Italy from the Alps for the first Time
The identification in 1993 by Jesús Urrea of Goya’s first documented work, The victorious Hannibal seeing Italy from the Alps for the first Time in the Fundación Selgas-Fagalde, marked an important step forward in our knowledge of the artist.

Francisco de Goya painted this canvas at the end of his two-year period in Italy in order to enter it in the competition organised by the Fine Arts Academy in Parma in 1771. This prestigious institution enjoyed the patronage of Duke Filippo di Borbone, nephew of Charles III of Spain. The painting, which was lost for many years following its presentation at the competition and possible return to Spain, was purchased in Madrid in the mid-nineteenth century by the archaeologist, historian and businessman Fortunato Selgas (1839-1921), who considered it to be Italian.

The twenty-five year-old Goya must have hoped that winning the prize at Parma, a city linked to Spain through family ties with the Bourbons, would bring him fame and position on his return to Court. The preparation and efforts that he devoted to this competition indicate his concern to obtain the academic success that had been denied to him in Spain on two occasions. As many as five pages in the Italian Notebook as well as two preparatory oil sketches (Zaragoza, Museo de Bellas Artes, and New York, private collection) offer clear evidence of the young and impetuous Goya’s determination as he followed the Academy’s guidelines for the composition, adhering to the specified format and subject: the triumphal arrival of Hannibal (a hero of Spanish origins) into Italy following his arduous crossing of the Alps. Nonetheless, the gold medal was awarded to the Italian painter Paolo Borroni, a pupil of Bossi. Goya’s work only received six votes and an honourable mention, although his name did appear in the prestigious literary journal Le Mercure de France.

The changes between the final preparatory oil sketch and the definitive painting only relate to small details but are of great interest for an understanding of the artist and his refined and reflexive creative process given that these modifications make the final work more harmonious. Painted in the fashionable classicist style of the period, the composition and figures reveal a close study of the psychology and states of mind of the figures. This is evident, for example, in the face of Hannibal, who is shown surprised at his own achievement (he had set out from Spain and crossed the Pyrenees and the Alps with his troops) and also fearful at the responsibility of leading his army on to conquer Rome.

Goya located Hannibal in the immediate foreground thus focusing most attention on this figure and conveying the fiery ardour of his expression. The figure of the general and the two accompanying figures, the majestically winged Genius and the mounted soldier, are located in the centre of the composition on a raised area of land that further emphasises them as if they were standing on a stage while the army passes behind, descending the mountain towards Italy. The soldier with the standard looks at his general with both wonder and trust, as if determined to follow him wherever he is commanded, while the Genius is depicted in a theatrical pose that conveys admiration, extending her outstretched arm above the figure of Hannibal. Leading the eye into the composition is the figure of the River Po, represented using the traditional iconography of a male figure with a bull’s head with sharp horns reclining on an amphora that spouts water.

Jesús Urrea has been Associate Director of the Museo Nacional del Prado (1992-1996) and Director of the Museo Nacional de Escultura (1996-2008). At the present time he is President of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de la Purísima Concepción and titular professor of Art History at the University of Valladolid. He identified The victorious Hannibal by Goya in the collection of the Fundación Selgas-Fagalde housed in “El Pito”, Cudillero, Asturias. Professor Urrea published his findings in the Boletín del Museo Nacional del Prado, XIV, no. 32, 1993, pp.59-66.

The painting was restored and studied at the Prado in 1993 and exhibited there from January to March 1994 in conjunction with the Museum’s acquisition of Goya’s Italian Notebook.

Museo del Prado | Goya | Museum and the Fundación Selgas-Fagalde |




Today's News

October 5, 2011

Tate Modern launches a major retrospective of German artist Gerhard Richter's work

"Picasso's Drawings, 1890-1921: Reinventing Tradition" traveling exhibition at The Frick Collection

Some 200 paintings and other works from the Steins' collection at Paris' Grand Palais

Toledo Museum of Art acquires stunning masterwork by Dutch artist Frans Hals

"Vermeer's Women: Secrets and Silence" opens at the Fitzwilliam Museum

Bonhams to sell stunning JMW Turner painting of Kirkby Lonsdale Churchyard

Exhibition of portraits by Julia Margaret Cameron at Hans P. Kraus Jr. Fine Photographs

The Museo del Prado shows Goya's first documented painting for a period of six years

Walters Art Museum removes copyright restrictions on 10,000 images

Elvira Dyangani Ose appointed Curator of international art with a focus on Africa at Tate Modern

Ayyam Auctions announces sale of art and antiques of the Islamic world: The Ottoman Levant

Two Polish paintings by Julian Falat stolen and then seized in New York return to Poland

John Lennon letter on Maharishi to be auctioned at Nate D. Sanders' in Los Angeles

Byzantine and Christian Museum Athens-exhibition "Within/Without Borders"

Installation by conceptual artist Lee Mingwei on view at the Brooklyn Museum

The last bell from the Mauretania in private hands to be offered in Maritime sale

Sotheby's fine Chinese painting sale bucks rocky markets

The Art of Playboy, Gil Elvgren, Golden Age greats headline Fall New York illustration art auction

American painter Elihu Vedder's work from his journey up the Nile on view at the Hudson River Museum

Gregg Chadwick's Theater of Memory at the Monterey Peninsula College Art Gallery

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- 1949 Studebaker original Grateful Dead band truck from the 60's offered at Michaan's

2.- Image of a Christ without a beard, short hair and wearing a toga unearthed in Spain

3.- Agatha Christie's lost diamonds discovered in old suitcase are offered for sale at Bonhams

4.- Kama Sutra: Spirituality and Erotism in Indian Art explored in new exhibition in Paris

5.- Ancient cave drawings in Indonesia are as old as famous prehistoric art in Europe

6.- Empress Eugenie's Feuilles de Groseillier brooch to be offered at Christie's Geneva

7.- Roman Emperor Augustus' frescoed rooms unveiled for first time after years of restoration

8.- Dallas Museum of Art and University of Texas at Dallas partner to form new art history institute

9.- Degas's famous sculpture Little Dancer celebrated in exhibition at National Gallery of Art

10.- Artist Fujiko Nakaya's fog art wraps Philip Johnson's Glass House in New Canaan

Related Stories



Prado Museum Loses Visitors in 2010 but More Students and Tourists Visit the Museum

The Museo del Prado Publishes First Multi-Interactive, Online Video Relating to Art

New Collaborative Agreement Between the Museo del Prado and the Japanese Media Group Yomiuri Shimbun

For the First Time Ever, The Museo del Prado Exhibits Treasures from Its Library

The Museo del Prado Identifies an Unknown Work by Pieter Bruegel the Elder

Turner and The Masters Opens at the Museo del Prado with Additional Works of Art

Prado Museum Exhibits Tapestry Series by Willem de Pannemaker

Invited Work at the Museo del Prado: The Company of Captain Reijnier Reael

Museo del Prado Focuses New Temporary Exhibition on Dutch Painting

First Monographic Exhibition on Juan Bautista Maíno at the Museo del Prado



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site