What forms, stories, gestures, and concepts are made possible by wars? How are certain events lived but not experienced? How does violence affect art, culture and tradition in material and immaterial ways? The work of the artist Walid Raad, who was born in Chbanieh, Lebanon, in 1967 and currently lives, works and teaches in New York, has been revolving around these questions for 20 years now. His oeuvre includes photographs, videos, sculptures, installations and performances.
Walid Raad is one of the most important figures of his generation of young artists from the Middle East. The exhibition «Walid Raad Miraculous Beginnings», which was organized in cooperation with the Whitechapel Gallery
in London, presents a broad overview of his works from the past 20 years. The exhibition also provides insight into an oeuvre that scrutinizes the notions of document, fact, and fiction in film, photography, video, performance, history, and art history. «Walid Raad Miraculous Beginnings» brings together the extensive groups of photographs and video works which the author created with The Atlas Group (19892004), his project in fiction about the Lebanese wars, and his latest project Scratching on Things I Could Disavow: A History of Art in the Arab World (2008present), a provocative exploration by the artist of the situations, stories, and forms made possible by the recent art boom in the Middle East.
A free-standing wall system, which explores the theatrical dimension of museum-based forms of presentation and which highlights the mise-en-scène aspects of the work, was specially developed for the presentation of this visually and physically comprehensive oeuvre at the Kunsthalle Zürich in the Museum Bärengasse.
The Atlas Group (19892004)
The Atlas Group series of works is rooted in Walid Raads experiences in Lebanon over the past forty years. It is mainly dedicated to the exploration and documentation of the Lebanese wars of the past few decades. The accompanying archive, The Atlas Group Archive, contains audiovisual, photographic, literary and other documents which are classified in three categories: [cat. A] documents that are attributable to an identifiable individual; [cat. FD] found documents; and [cat. AGP] documents attributable to The Atlas Group. Raads archive does not contain artworks that present immediate images of what happened during the wars. Instead, they present stories and forms linked to what can be said, thought, and imagined about the wars. Some of The Atlas Group files are attributed to fictitious figures and others to historical ones thus raising additional questions about the concept of the witness made possible by the Lebanese wars.
With The Atlas Group, the artist is not seeking political or historical truth but is instead paying close attention to political, social, economic as well as narrative, emotional and aesthetic facts. For example, the file of Dr Fadl Fakhouri, a renowned Lebanese historian, was included in The Atlas Group Archive in 1991 and contains 226 notebooks, two super-8 films, and photographs. The document Notebook volume 72: Missing Lebanese wars (1989) tells the story of an unusual betting game invented by historians of different religious and political convictions who used to meet on Sundays at horse race tracks: the historians convinced the official track photographer to photograph the winning horse only once as it approached the finish line and they wagered on how many fractions of a second before or after the horse crossed the line the photographer would press his shutter. Dr Fakhouris
notebooks show the resulting photo-finish photograph as it was published in the Beirut daily newspaper An-Nahar, as well as Dr Fakhouris various notations. These notebooks also seem to provide a summary of different kinds of misses: the temporal miss of (not) being on time to the passing of the present as well as an affective miss characteristic of the longing for the war that conditions the writing of its history.
The Fakhouri file also includes the super-8 films Miraculous beginnings and No, illness is neither here nor there. Miraculous beginnings documents Dr Fakhouris
habit of making film recordings wherever he happened to be and when he believed the civil war to have ended. The second video documents the individually filmed images of the name plates of plastic surgeons, psychiatrists, orthopaedic specialists and dentists which he encountered on his wanderings through Beirut. The two documents bear witness to the great longing for an end to the war which is repeatedly sustained by rumour and by the tragic sectors of the war profiteers.
The following series of photographs and films from The Atlas Group can also be seen at the exhibition: My neck is thinner than a hair: Engines (2001), Civilizationally, we do not dig holes to bury ourselves (1993), Lets be honest, the weather helped (1998), Secrets in the open sea (1994), Hostage: The Bachar Polaroids (2000), I only wish that I could weep (2002), and Notebook volume 38: Already been in a lake of fire (1991).
Scratching on Things I Could Disavow: A History of Art in the Arab World (2008present)
The second project presented in the exhibition is titled Scratching on Things I Could Disavow: A History of Art in the Arab World. This project explores the emergence of a large new infrastructure for the arts in the Middle East and its effects on artistic production in the region. Walid Raad observes the emergence of new art museums, galleries, schools and cultural organisations in cities like Abu Dhabi, Amman, Beirut, Cairo and other cities with fascination. The buildings designed by internationally renowned architects e. g. the largest-to-date Guggenheim Abu Dhabi Museum by
Frank Gehry, an Abu Dhabi Louvre Museum by Jean Nouvel and the Performing Arts Centre by Zaha Hadid, all located on Saadiyat Island, the Island of Happiness in Abu Dhabi are the most visible symptoms of this emerging infrastructure, and also stand for Raad as the distorted mirror through which to view how art and culture in the Arab world have been affected materially and immaterially by the various conflicts that have ravaged the region in the past century. Raads artworks present some of the unusual forms, colours, and stories made possible by this massive investment in art in the Middle East.
The centerpiece of this project, the 2008 work titled Section 139: The Atlas Group (19892004) comprises a model of an imaginary museum, in which a miniature version of the works from The Atlas Group hangs. The model is accompanied by a narrative by the artist where he relates how an invitation to show The Atlas Group in the first white cube art gallery in Beirut, the Sfeir-Semler Gallery, resulted in his confronting the shrinking of every single one of his artworks to 1/100th of their original size. The model is accompanied, inter alia, by almost monochrome plates (Appendix XVIII: Plates 24151, 2009), where colours, lines, and shapes are borrowed from letterheads and/or exhibition catalogues and serve as a means of establishing contact with works of art and artists from the past and future. A video titled Section 88: Views from Outer to Inner Compartment (2010), proposes a view of exhibition spaces where hanging artworks are, and for unknown reasons, not
available to vision.