|The First Art Newspaper on the Net
||Established in 1996
|| Monday, October 24, 2016
|California Chinatown Listed as Endangered Historic Place |
By: Gosia Wozniacka, Associated Press
HANFORD, CA (AP).- The smell is musty, the wooden floorboards rotten and the original owners long dead.
But the century-old Chinese herb shop with its towering armoire of small wooden drawers can still be found nearly intact behind a set of heavy metal doors.
Herb bundles sit on dust-coated shelves, and wafer-thin paper used by owner L.T. Sue to wrap his herbs still hangs on a rack by a counter stained with bird droppings.
The shop in China Alley in the rural Central California town of Hanford once bustled with customers, as did the nearby temple, gambling dens, restaurants and other shops.
But now, the buildings in what used to be one of the largest Chinatowns between San Francisco and Los Angeles are mostly deserted. Walls are cracked, bricks chipped, and signs faded from the sun.
China Alley was named Wednesday as one of America's 11 most endangered historic places by the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
The non-profit group spotlights places that are threatened by neglect, insufficient funds, inappropriate development or cuts to preservation funding by legislatures across the country.
Other sites on the list include the Long Island, N.Y., home of jazz musician John Coltrane; the cloverleaf-shaped Prentice Women's Hospital building in Chicago; and a Pillsbury plant in Minneapolis that once was the world's most advanced flour mill.
In China Alley, community members hope the designation will help them raise funds to save its 19th century buildings near the intersection of Seventh and Green streets that have fallen into disrepair.
"What is so unique about the alley is that it's a living piece of history," said Arianne Wing, president of the Taoist Temple Preservation Society, which is working to restore the buildings and artifacts inside. "It's not Disneyland; it's all real and authentic."
She said China Alley is a tribute to immigrants who settled in the San Joaquin Valley and the once-thriving Chinese community they built.
The town, created in 1877 after Southern Pacific Railroad tracks were laid through a sheep camp, had a sizeable Chinese population starting in the 1880s. As Kings County pioneer Frank Howe wrote, the only inhabitants in Hanford were "a Chinaman, a band of sheep, and his sheep dog."
There must have been more than one Chinaman, because records show that within a few years Chinese immigrants owned several buildings in what would become China Alley. They built the rail line then stayed to plant vineyards and peach orchards and work in the fields. Others streamed in from impoverished southern China, with many of those who shared the same dialect settling in Hanford.
China Alley became a thriving community in the 1920s and 1930s, recalled 83-year-old Camille Wing, who is Arianne's mother and China Alley's resident historian. Under an awning of the old facades, Camille Wing, stooped and gray-haired, described coming to China Alley with her parents and seeing the street bustling with shoppers and children at play.
There were numerous herb and grocery shops, a temple, restaurants and a Chinese school house, but its major business was gambling. Wing remembers going into gambling dens with her father, a rancher who bought Chinese lottery tickets for drawings held twice a day.
While adults played dominos and Mahjong on tables covered with felt, children ran through the buildings.
At the L.T. Sue Herb Co., some customers drank their herbs in the waiting room as men gathered to discuss politics. Caucasians and Mexicans also came to gamble and buy herbs. Folklore has it that an herbalist was arrested several times for practicing medicine without a license but was released and won his case in court.
Camille Wing also recalled a beautiful prostitute "with a heart of gold" known as Jade Box, whose real name remains unknown. She helped many people and was well-accepted, despite her profession, Wing said.
China Alley began to fade in the 1950s after the city shut down the gambling houses and the next generation of Chinese-Americans moved on to jobs away from Hanford. The Chinese school and some businesses closed.
But the neighborhood survived, thanks in part to Imperial Dynasty, a restaurant run by the Wing family. It attracted then-Gov. Ronald Reagan along with movie stars and other celebrities.
In 2001, the city disbanded its historic preservation commission. The city is now supposed to provide oversight for China Alley but has no preservation staff, so historic buildings are at risk of being altered by renovations.
The closure of Imperial Dynasty in 2006 brought the final, drastic decline of the neighborhood.
The preservation society is hoping to reverse that slide. Of the alley's 11 historic buildings, three are owned by the organization, including the temple. The society renovated that structure in the 1970s, making it into a museum that houses the original altar and furniture, as well as artifacts from China Alley.
However, Arianne Wing said the society has little money to restore other buildings. The L.T. Sue Herb Co. building needs to be stabilized and have its roof replaced to guard against birds and the mess they leave.
The society, which is made up of two dozen Hanford residents, is working with a Fresno-based historic architecture firm to stabilize the building. Society members raised enough money for the first phase of the renovation through fundraisers, an annual harvest festival and individual donations. But it's not enough to complete a full renovation of the herb shop or other China Alley structures.
Arianne Wing hopes the buildings can eventually be fully restored and house some of the artifacts that were moved to the museum. She hopes to attract a Chinese calligraphy class, tai chi or another activity, and to travel around the U.S. to gather oral histories from former China Alley residents.
Wing, who is a chef by profession, also hopes to reopen a restaurant in the same building where her great-grandfather ran a noodle shop at the turn of the century, and where her uncle cooked up his famous escargots at the Imperial Dynasty.
"This is for me a way to keep the alley alive," she said.
Copyright 2011 The Associated Press.
June 17, 2011
ZKM Center for Art and Media in Karlsruhe Celebrates Car Culture with Exhibition
Sotheby's Three-Part Single-Owner Evill/Frost Sale Closes with Final Total of $69,343,051
The Guggenheim Acquires Three Seminal Works by Artist, Philosopher, and Poet Lee Ufan.
World's Top Fair for Modern and Contemporary Art Suggests Boom Times Are Back
National Gallery of Canada Unveils Rare Exhibition Caravaggio and His Followers in Rome
Matthew H. Robb Assumes Role as Associate Curator of Ancient American and Native American Art
Debbie Reynolds Auctions Off Hollywood Treasures Tomorrow at Profiles in History
Credit Suisse Hosts Dinner in Honor of Christian Marclay at Fondation Beyeler in Basel
Table from Historic Irish Estate, Tyrone House, Makes £264,000 at Bonhams Sale
Egypt's Antiquities Minister Zahi Hawass Cleared in Appeal, Avoids One Year in Prison
Stanford University to Receive Anderson Collection of 20th-Century American Art
Lady Gaga's "Meat Dress" Installed in Women Who Rock Exhibit at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Dan Morphy Auctions Launches Newly Expanded 36,000 Square Foot Gallery
A New Space Unveiled at the Institute of Contemporary Arts
French and English Furniture and Decorative Arts Highlight June Auction at Bonhams & Butterfields
John W. Smith Appointed New Director of Museum of Art Rhode Island School of Design
Louvre - DNP Museum Lab Presents Sevres Porcelain, an Art of Living in the 18th Century
Getty Museum Celebrates Italian Anniversary by Showcasing Objects in Its Collection
Bonhams Appoints Jan Zvelebil as the Company's Representative in The Czech Republic
Despite Several Setbacks, Dutch National Museum Renovation in Full Swing; to Reopen in 2013
The Courtauld Gallery Presents Toulouse-Lautrec and Jane Avril: Beyond the Moulin Rouge
SCOPE Basel 2011 Returns with Its Cutting Edge Contemporary Art at Historic Kasern
Images from Final Roll of Kodachrome Donated to George Eastman House
Civil War Trove Set for Sotheby's Auction
California Chinatown Listed as Endangered Historic Place
Philbrook Museum of Art Selects Gluckman Mayner Architects for Downtown Expansion
Most Popular Last Seven Days
1.- New light shines on Sandro Botticelli masterpieces at Florence's Uffizi Gallery
2.- Cincinnati Art Museum's Van Gogh exhibition brings guests Into the Undergrowth
3.- Degas retrospective debuts in the U.S. at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
4.- Special exhibition features large-scale photography by Richard Mosse & Edward Burtynsky
5.- Nobel panel gives up knockin' on Dylan's door
6.- An unprecedented, international-loan exhibition of works by Claude Monet is at the Kimbell Art Museum this fall
7.- Exhibition at the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek explores Rousseau's landscapes
8.- Yoko Ono unveils her first permanent US art installation
9.- ArtReview's annual Power 100 names Hans Ulrich Obrist as the artworld's most powerful figure
10.- British artist David Hockney makes a splash at Frankfurt fair with 2,000-euro book
Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .
|Royalville Communications, Inc|
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.