|The First Art Newspaper on the Net
||Established in 1996
|| Monday, January 23, 2017
|Scientists Say Gulf Diversity Threatened Even Before Oil Spill |
This undated handout photo provided by the Census for Marine Life shows the Sargassum Fish (Histrio histrio), a member of the frogfish family (Antennariidae), a group of small, globular fishes with stalked, grasping, limb-like pectoral fins with small gill openings behind the base, a trapdoor-like mouth high on the head, and a "fishing lure" (formed by the first dorsal spine) on the snout. It typically lives in open waters in close association with floating Sargassum Weed (Sargassum natans and S. fluitans), but is frequently blown into nearshore and bay waters during storms. Although the Sargassum Fish is capable of swimming quite rapidly, it often crawls through the Sargassum Weed, using its pectoral fins like arms. AP Photo/Census for Marine Life.
By: Randolph E. Schmid, AP Science Writer
WASHINGTON (AP).- The oceans around Australia boast the greatest diversity of sea life on the planet, but the now oil-threatened Gulf of Mexico also ranks in the top five regions for variety of species.
And even before the spill, the Gulf was already listed as threatened, according to the latest update of the Census of Marine Life, released Monday.
Mark Costello of the Leigh Marine Laboratory, University of Auckland, New Zealand, commented that now it seems the Gulf "is more threatened than we thought it was."
Regions where variety of life is most endangered tended to be the more enclosed seas, such as the Mediterranean, Gulf of Mexico, China's offshore shelves, Baltic Sea and Caribbean, the new study, done before the oil spill, concluded.
"The sea today is in trouble," said biologist Nancy Knowlton of the Smithsonian Institution, leader of the Census' coral reef project. "Its citizens have no vote in any national or international body, but they are suffering and need to be heard."
Researcher Ron O'Dor added that "there is a huge amount of diversity under the water. The ocean isn't just this blue sheet of cellophane that spreads out. The oxygen in every second breath we take is produced in the ocean. We ignore what is going on in the ocean at our peril."
The decade-long Census is scheduled to release its final report in London in October. The latest update was published Monday in the journal PLoS ONE.
The report disclosed that the Gulf of Mexico, where a battle is under way to clean up a massive oil spill, ranks fifth among 25 regions around the world for diversity of sea life.
The Gulf has 15,374 different species identified so far. That's an average of just over 10 different species per square kilometer.
That doesn't mean only 10 animals in an area of about four-tenths of a square mile; it means 10 different kinds of animals.
Australian waters had the most species at 32,889, closely followed by Japan with 32,777. Then came China, 22,365, and the Mediterranean, 16,848.
What sort of things have the census researchers found?
Well, Australia has the dragonfish, a banana-sized creature with a mouth full of sharp teeth some even on its tongue. It lives deep in the ocean, and since it may be a long time between meals, if it finds something to eat it needs to hang on to it.
In the Gulf of Mexico queen angelfish have been seen hanging out around oil rigs, while the deep regions sport specialized octopuses.
The Caribbean has the bearded fireworm and nocturnal brittle stars, while off South Korea lives the Sargassum fish. It has a trapdoor-like mouth high on the head, and a "fishing lure" formed by the first dorsal spine on the snout.
And when it comes to what group of sea creatures have the most different species, it turns out to be crustaceans, such as shrimp, crabs and lobster.
Overall, the report said crustaceans make up nearly one-fifth of the species in the ocean 19 percent. Close behind at 17 percent were mollusks such as squid, octopus, clams, snails and slugs. Fish make 12 percent of ocean species, and it's 10 percent each for protozoa and algae.
Smaller shares go to segmented worms, sea anemones, corals and jellyfish, flatworms, starfish, sponges and other creatures.
Copyright 2010 The Associated Press.
August 4, 2010
Archaeologists Find Tunnel Below the Temple of the Feathered Serpent in Teotihuacan
Phillips de Pury & Company Announces Latin American Art Sale
AGO to Exhibit the Work of Eva Hesse, Betty Goodwin and Agnes Martin
Century-Old Tower in Massachusetts Marks Mayflower's First Landing
Christie's Announces Worldwide Sales of $2.57 Billion for First Half of 2010
New York City Art Dealer Who Bilked Stars Gets Prison Time
80 National and International Galleries Exhibit at the Melbourne Art Fair
More than 90,000 Persons have Visited Moctezuma II Exhibition
'American Gothic' Public Art Sculpture to Tower Over Other Exhibits at State Fair
Steven Shearer to Represent Canada at the 54th International Art Exhibition
From Your Kitchen to Michigan Avenue: Refrigerators and Art Converge
Rare Bronze Horned-Bracelet, 3,500 Years Old, Found in Israel
SFMOMA Elects New Members to Board of Trustees, Salutes Three Staff Members
Two Mexican Sites Inscribed in UNESCO World Heritage List
Scientists Say Gulf Diversity Threatened Even Before Oil Spill
Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Says the Sun will Wake Up
Celebrated Scottish Women Artists Star in Bonhams Scottish Sale
Exhibition Explores Multiple Cultures and 500 Years of History with Art Honoring the Essential, Sacred Nature of Water
Advice on Protecting Fine Art Against High Temperatures
Set Your Place with Picasso Plates at Bonhams' First Ever Editions Sale
Over Half a Million Visit Record-Breaking 17th Biennale of Sydney
Getty Announces Cast for Outdoor Theater Production of Sophocles' Elektra
A Jaunty Stroll Through (Art) History: The Hudson River School Art Trail
Affordable Art Fair NYC Launching First Annual Fall Fair
Double Celebration At The Bowes Museum
Amsterdam Canal District Named UNESCO World Heritage Site
Most Popular Last Seven Days
1.- After decades of slights, Cuban-American artist Carmen Herrera tastes fame at 101
2.- Gallery 19C rediscovers a lost Realist treasure by Alphonse Legros
3.- France blocks sale of rare Leonardo Da Vinci painting 'Saint Sebastian'
4.- New exhibition at the National Museum puts select works of art under a microscope
5.- Getty Museum presents first major exhibition on 18th century artist Edme Bouchardon
6.- Rarely seen silkscreen prints by Jacob Lawrence on view at the Phillips Collection
7.- Fraenkel Gallery debuts of new, large-scale photographs by British artist Richard Learoyd
8.- Kurdish-Arab forces seize strategic Syria citadel from IS
9.- Paris show of masterpieces unseen in West is smash hit
10.- Award-winning Indian actor Om Puri dies of heart attack
Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .
|Royalville Communications, Inc|
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.