This autumn, Nationalmuseum
presents the magnificent exhibition Staging Power Napoleon, Karl Johan, Alexander. On show will be some 420 items - a collection of portraits, costumes, jewellery and other art wares all telling a story of honour and power. The exhibition is about the art of governing through art.
Nationalmuseum is joining forces with the State Hermitage, St. Petersburg, to present this autumns magnificent exhibition Staging Power Napoleon, Karl Johan, Alexander. On show will be a wealth of historical artefacts and fine artisan wares, all of which have some connection with the three protagonists. It is a collection of some 420 items - portraits, costumes, jewellery and other art wares all telling a story of honour and power. The exhibition is about the art of governing through art.
The lives of Napoleon, Karl Johan and Alexander were interwoven in the early 19th century. Napoleon Bonaparte was the soldier who seized power in a bloodless coup and crowned himself emperor of the French people. Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte was the field marshal in Napoleons army who was chosen as heir to the Swedish throne and assumed the name of Karl Johan. Alexander was born to be tsar of Russia but ascended the throne under coup-like circumstances following his fathers assassination. Relations between Karl Johan and Napoleon had long been frosty and soon deteriorated. In need of allies, Karl Johan approached Alexander, and Sweden and Russia formed an alliance against Napoleonic France. Eventually it was Alexander who succeeded to break Napoleons dominance in Europe, which was the beginning of the end for Napoleon and his empire.
War and insecurity dominated daily life in the early 19th century. The French Revolution had overturned traditional social structures, opening up new career opportunities. Soldiers were seen as models, in art as well as life. Art was used to demonstrate legitimacy but also as a means of governing, reflecting the self-image and claims of those in power. Napoleon, Karl Johan and Alexander were all skilled at using art to strengthen their position. Nothing was left to chance, so even a simple object like a teacup or a toothpick case might carry a political message. Symbols of war abounded in the architecture, art and crafts of this period, even finding their way into interior design. The exhibition will cover topics such as Visual manifestations of power, International politics and dynastic family ties, and Art collecting.
The exhibition runs from 30 September 2010 to 23 January 2011.