The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Sunday, December 28, 2014


Painting by Corot Purchased by Musée d'Art et d'Histoire in Geneva
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (French, 1796-1875), "Jeune Femme a la Fontaine". Oil on canvas. 65 by 42cm., 25½ by 16½ in. Estimate: 800,000 - 1,200,000 GBP. Sold for: £1,609,250. Photo: Sotheby's.
LONDON.- Today at Sotheby's in London, in the sale of 19th Century European Paintings, one of the finest figure paintings by Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot ever to have appeared on the market was purchased by the Musée d’Art et d’Histoire in Geneva for £1,609,250 / CHF 2,740,717, exceeding its pre-sale high estimate of £1.2 million. Jeune femme à la fontaine enjoyed an exceptional early provenance before it was requisitioned during the Nazi period, and was recently restituted to the heirs of its erstwhile owners.

Paul Lang, Chief Curator of the Musée d’Art et d’Histoire in Geneva , said: “We are absolutely thrilled that the museum has been successful in obtaining this beautiful painting by Corot. Corot is central to our collection and it now completes the museum’s permanent retrospective of the artist. The State of Geneva first purchased two pictures by Corot in 1859, and this collection grew to fourteen works in the intervening years, encompassing a nude, a portrait, and landscapes painted in Italy , Switzerland and Ville-d’Avray. What was missing was one of the artist’s ‘figures de fantaisie’. Over the last ten years the museum has been keen to acquire such a picture. Today, with the addition of this fifteenth work to the collection, we now have a total overview of Corot’s work, as we prepare for an exhibition of Corot in Switzerland, opening in September 2010.”

"Jeune femme à la fontaine" ranks among Corot's great figural paintings. At once imagined and real, rooted in Classical tradition and the Dutch Golden Age yet supremely modern in conception, the painting numbers among Corot's works that put him at the very cusp of modernism and which would make him an inspiration to later generations.

The painting is an outstanding example of the classical spirit and poetry with which Corot imbued his finest figure paintings of the 1860s. The pose and modelling of the figure evoke the iconic female figures of the Renaissance. Corot tempers her monumentality with a pensive intimacy drawn from the Dutch seventeenth-century masters. Yet her enigmatic expression is that of a very real woman, not an idealised 'type', and her elusive gaze lends her a psychological complexity.

Much like Manet's "Olympia", painted in 1863 at about the same time as "Jeune femme à la fontaine", the viewer is held captive by the powerful tension between the familiar and the new, between the painting's timelessness and its immediacy. Corot's figural works reverberate in the paintings of the Impressionists and beyond, the girls' haunting miens finding expression in the figurative and abstract work of Picasso who became interested in Corot in the 1910s, making a free copy of one of his figure portraits.

One of Corot's greatest achievements in his figural works is his ability to reveal eternal truths through the fusion of reality and memory. Corot explored the theme of the girl by the well in a number of canvases after 1855, but the present work, along with La Rêveuse à la fontaine, formerly in the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, and another work of the same title sold in these rooms in 2003, are arguably the most resolved, and the culmination of his developing thoughts on the subject. Alfred Robaut in his catalogue raisonné presents them together as a triumvirate, illustrating them side by side with the present work flanked by the other two.

It was his trips to Italy in 1825-28, 1834 and 1843 that inspired Corot's distinctive Italian peasant girls. Corot enthused that: 'In them, I saw the beauty of life. This beauty is in every creature, it is everything which breathes and which is impregnated with light' (quoted in Marlborough Gallery, Corot, London, 1963, p. 9). While the present work was painted after these sojourns, it was certainly painted from Corot's images and his idealised memories of the Italian women he encountered in his travels.

The simple, stage-like backdrops and recurring decorative elements such as urns exhibited in works such as Jeune femme à la fontaine reflect Corot's lifelong passion for the ballet and opera. Even the young woman's traditional peasant dress is more costume-like than based on first-hand observation Corot would sometimes borrow opera costumes in which to adorn his models, and this combination of yellow skirt, green corset, white chemise and red hair ribbon is used in at least two other compositions. In Corot's studio, these peasant women became his modern-day Venuses and Dianas, or even became symbols of an intangible idea, set against a capriccio backdrop.

During the 1860s and 1870s Corot devoted more time to figural works than ever before. However, for the most part, these paintings seem not to have been intended for public exhibition; he exhibited only four during his lifetime. Instead, he found a ready market for them among discerning friends collectors, who recognized their true sophistication. Corot's achievements as a figure painter were acknowledged by his contemporaries. One of the greatest lights of the Impressionist movement, Edgar Degas, even stated when pressed to agree about Corot's skills in drawing a tree: 'Yes, indeed... and I find his figures yet superior' (quoted in Alfred Robaut, L'Oeuvre de Corot, Paris, 1905, p. 254).

The first owner of Jeune femme à la fontaine, Charles Alluaud (1861-1949), was scion of the family that had directed the porcelain factory in Limoges since the eighteenth century. Charles became a renowned entomologist, studying insects in France and travelled extensively in Africa and elsewhere between 1887 and 1930. During his childhood, he and his brother Eugène had received painting instruction from Corot ,and it is likely that Alluaud acquired the present work because of his early association with the artist.

Eduard Ludwig Behrens, the next documented owner of Jeune femme à la fontaine (1824-95), was one of the early directors of the private banking firm of Levy Behrens &Söhne in Hamburg. Eduard bequeathed his large and important art collection to his son Eduard Ludwig Behrens junior who left it, in turn, to his son, Georg. The Behrens porcelain collection had gone to Eduard Ludwig junior's brother, Theodor (1857-1921), Georg's uncle.

In 1925, Georg loaned the Behrens paintings collection to the city of Hamburg for a period of ten years. On the expiry of this agreement, Georg attempted to send the collection to the safety of Switzerland, but was informed on 1 April 1935 by the Nazi authorities that the present work and a number of other key works from the Behrens collection had been included on the Verzeichnis der national wertvollen Kunstwerke (list of works considered to be of national significance) and that it therefore could not leave Germany without permission.

In May 1938, the Behrens banking firm was Aryanised and the following November Georg was placed under arrest in Hamburg and then sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, where he was interned until the end of December. He emigrated to Belgium in April 1939. In order to obtain his exit visa he had to pawn all his possessions to the State. From Belgium he moved to France where, following the outbreak of the Second World War, he was held in a camp in the south of France before obtaining a visa to Cuba in the autumn of 1940. After the war, Georg Eduard Behrens returned to Hamburg and died in that city in 1956, never having recovered the Corot.

Sotheby's | 19th Century European Paintings | Paul Lang | Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot |




Today's News

June 3, 2010

Jeff Koons Unveils and Signs His Psychedelic BMW Art Car at the Centre Pompidou in Paris

Artists with African Roots Exhibit at the Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin

Getty Museum Puts Monumental Red-Figure Krater on View

Painting by Corot Purchased by Musée d'Art et d'Histoire in Geneva

MoMA Announces Exhibition of Abstract Expressionist Works

Marlborough Opens Exhibition of Works that Evoke Organic Forms

Nassau County Museum of Art Examines the Romantic Fascination of the Sea

Previously Unseen U2, Beatles, and Rolling Stones Photographs Up for Sale

Allegra LaViola Gallery Opens Show with Sculptural Works Attached to the Wall

Priska C. Juschka Fine Art Opens First Solo Exhibition by Samuel T. Adams

Bryce Wolkowitz Gallery Showcases a Wide-Ranging Body of Work

Rare 215 Year-Old Gold $10 Eagle Brings $117,000 at Inaugural Auction

Friedman Benda Presents Work by Post-War and Emerging Artists

7th Annual Edinburgh Art Festival Programme Unveiled

Guggenheim Study Reveals Importance of Education in Development of Problem-Solving Skills and Creativity

Author Lynn Cullen Changes Book on Finding Portrait

Tiffany Studios, Contemporary Glass, and Diego Giacometti Work Highlights Bonhams' 20th Century Sale

Remains of Mexican Independence Heroes Undergo Analyses

Facing the Artist: Portraits by John Jonas Gruen Opens at the Whitney

Chicago Tribune Begins Digitizing and Selling Archive Photographs

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Colossal statue of Amenhotep III unveiled on the west bank of the Nile in Egypt

2.- British royals crown New York visit with gala dinner

3.- Missing artwork rediscovered in "Stuart Little" sells for over 200,000 euros at auction

4.- Rossetti's Venus Verticordia soars at Sotheby's in London to sell for £2.88 million

5.- Russian magnate buys, then returns Nobel prize to American geneticist James Watson

6.- Egyptian Museum unveils four newly renovated halls of the famed Tutankhamun gallery

7.- 'The Secret of Dresden: From Rembrandt to Canaletto' on view at the Groninger Museum

8.- Cooper Hewitt Smithsonian Design Museum reopens after three-year renovation

9.- More than 200 queries about works by possible heirs received on Nazi-era art hoard

10.- Attorney, artist and filmmaker reflects on the seven lessons learned at 2014 Art Basel Miami Beach

Related Stories



Important Judaica and Israeli & international art bring a combined $7.9 million at Sotheby's New York

Sotheby's New York to offer The Andy Williams Collection of Navajo blankets in May 2012

Buhl Collection brings $12.3M - Highest ever total for a private collection of photos sold at auction

'Casablanca' piano sells in NY for more than $600K

No bidder found for letters by 'Peanuts' creator

Sotheby's names President and CEO William F. Ruprecht as Chairman of the Board of Directors

Sotheby's announces first ever selling exhibition of contemporary art from central Asia and the Caucasus

Mick Jagger love letters written to American singer Marsha Hunt sold at London auction

House of Illustration raises 68,750 in "What are they like?" Celebrity Auction at Sotheby's London

Swiss contemporary art generates enthusiasm among collectors at Sotheby's



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site