NEW YORK, NY.-
On Tuesday 13 April 2010, Sotheby's
will offer at auction a remarkable selection of Photographs that ranges from examples of some of the earliest photographs made in America, to masterpieces of the modernist aesthetic in photography and beyond. The 244 lot sale is estimated to fetch $3.4/5.1 million.
The auction's top lot is Edward Weston's iconic study of a single Nautilus Shell ($300/500,000). This print was purchased in 1927, the year the picture was taken, at San Francisco's East West Galleries for $10 by a young photographer named Bernice Lovett. Unable to pay the entire cost of the photograph at once, Ms. Lovett paid for it in monthly 50-cent installments. The image has, in the intervening years, become one of Weston's most celebrated and is now regarded as one of the great modernist photographs of all time. The print offered by Sotheby's is the ideal early state of the image, on matte-surface photographic paper, affixed to a large mount that bears Weston's early penciled signature. This print has remained in the collection of Ms. Lovett's family since its original purchase over 80 years ago. It has never before appeared on the market.
László Moholy-Nagy, the great proponent of modernism across a broad array of media, was an early experimenter with the photogram. A unique cameraless image, a photogram is made by placing objects directly on or over a sheet of photographic paper and exposing it to light. Sotheby's will auction one of Moholy Nagy's earliest efforts with the technique from the early 1920s, an untitled Photogram ($200/300,000), one of only a handful of Moholy- Nagy photograms to come onto the market in recent years.
The animated composition of this photogram is unusual for this early period, and is rendered with Moholy-Nagy's characteristic nuance and precision. The photogram is further enhanced by the photographer's extensive notations on the reverse, in which he enumerates the objects used to make the image: a child's rattle, a film spool, and a muzzle. Through Moholy-Nagy's handling, these quotidian objects transcend their appearances to become pure compositional elements. Moholy-Nagy's notations on the reverse indicate that the photogram was sent by him to legendary editor and art scholar Christian Zervos no later than 1929, for possible publication in Zervos's influential arts journal Cahiers d'Art. It is also believed that, like one other photogram sent by Moholy-Nagy to Zervos, this example was previously in the possession of the great Russian writer Vladimir Mayakovsky, possibly for inclusion in Mayakovsy's groundbreaking leftist arts and literature journal, Lef.
Sotheby's is pleased to have a selection of daguerreotypes from two distinguished American collections, as well as several individual daguerreotypes of significant historical importance. The David Belcher Collection was assembled beginning in the 1970s and contains some exquisite examples of the daguerreian art as it was practiced in America in the 1840s and 1850s. Mr. Belcher was one of the first people to recognize the importance of these early American photographs, and his first collection of the images, started in 1961, was sold at the end of that decade to the Library of Congress and the George Eastman House. Sotheby's auction includes images that showcase Mr. Belcher's sophisticated aesthetic sensibilities and his uncanny ability to source truly great outdoor views, occupational studies, and portraits.
Among these is a full-length portrait of the important Seneca figure Caroline Parker ($25/35,000). Born on the Tonawanda reservation in western New York around 1826, Parker came from a family of great importance in the Seneca Nation, a member of the Iroquois Confederacy. Along with her brother, Ely S. Parker who would go on to a distinguished military career, serving as a general in the Union Army under Grant Caroline Parker was literate and well-educated and served as a translator for the Seneca. She collaborated extensively with the father of American anthropology, Lewis Henry Morgan, and much of the information contained in Morgan's The League of the Ho-de-sau-nee or Iroquois (1851) was largely gleaned through Parker and her brother. The clothing Parker wears in this daguerreotype, with its elaborate traditional beadwork and embroidery, was made by Parker herself, and is now in the collection of the New York State Museum, Albany.
The David Belcher Collection also includes a quintessential portrait of a Californian Gold Miner ($20/30,000), or 'Forty-Niner,' posing with pickaxe and pan. There are a number of rare occupational studies of tradesmen made in their places of work an extreme rarity in the daguerreian era including a Carpenter and His Tools ($5/7000), a Dry Goods Store and its Shopkeepers ($10/15,000). Other daguerreotypes include a portrait of John A. P. Fisk ($7/10,000), a noted New York City restaurateur; a sublime dual portrait of a Man and His Dog ($10/15,000); and a conceptually astute house-eye view of a Painter on a Ladder ($7/10,000), among many others. One of the earliest forms of photography, the daguerreotype flourished in America in the 1840s and 1850s before being succeeded by cheaper and more reproducible types of photography. Each daguerreotype is a unique image, and is made upon a silver-plated sheet of copper, sensitized with iodine, developed with mercury vapor, and enclosed within a case which protects its delicate surface.
In 1995, Sotheby's offered daguerreotypes from the collection of Stanley Yalkowsky, a New York City lawyer who quietly built a worldclass collection in the early 1970s. That sale inaugurated a new era in the auction market for 19th-century photography, and for daguerreotypes in particular. Sotheby's is pleased to offer a further selection of images from Mr. Yalkowsky's collection, among them an arresting Portrait of a Baker ($10/15,000) with rolling pin and dough.
Daguerreotypes from other collections include one of the earliest known photographs of Chicago ($30/50,000), which shows the Exchange Bank Building on the corner of Lake and Clark Streets. Using the signs of businesses visible in the image, and crossreferencing these with Chicago city directories of the period, Sotheby's was able to determine that this daguerreotype was made in either 1854 or 1855. Another large, half-plate, daguerreotype depicts an intricately beautiful Marquetry Table by Master American Artisan Peter Glass ($7/10,000).
The sale will feature two of the most famous architectural photographs of the 20th century, photographs that have, over the decades, become the icons of the buildings they represent. The first, Margaret Bourke-Whites dramatic late-1920s view of one of the gargoyles of the Chrysler Building ($120/180,000), captures the machine-age optimism of early 20th-century architecture. Julius Shulman's 1947 study of the Kaufmann House ($20/30,000) is the definitive image of Richard Neutra's Palm Springs masterpiece, and has become a touchstone within the histories of photography, modern architecture and design, and the modern aesthetic. The image, made at twilight, was the result of a carefully orchestrated 45-minute exposure, during which the house's interior and exterior were illuminated for varying lengths of time at Shulman's direction, and the fading daylight was exploited fully. The bravura early print offered here showcases Shulman's complete mastery of his medium. With its exceedingly wide tonal rangeextending from luminous white to the deepest blackthe print possesses an object quality and a presence not seen in prints of the image made later.
In August of 1941, Edward Weston was traveling through Louisiana while making photographs for a new edition of Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass. At the New Orleans home of photographer Clarence John Laughlin, Weston met Donald and Beatrice Prendergast who quickly became his guides to the area. The Prendergasts steered him past the city's standard photographic turf to little-known places, such as Saint Roch cemetery where he photographed 'Willie,' St. Roch Cemetery ($7/10,000). Weston's friendship with the Prendergasts continued through the years, and he sent them a number of his photographs, including the shocking nude study Civilian Defense ($50/70,000), an image which seems as timely today as it must have in 1942. The Prendergast group also includes Weston's Exposition of Dynamic Symmetry ($10,000-15,000) and one of his remarkable images of the Cats living on his property in Carmel ($10/15,000).
An early print of Robert Frank's Wales (Miners, Careau) ($50/70,000) highlights the postwar offerings in the auction. Made in 1951, prior to the groundbreaking work he created for his book The Americans, the gritty image shows Frank in full possession of his keen photographic eye. Signature images from The Americans include Frank's evocative S.C. (Barbershop, McClellanville) ($50/70,000); the tuba player at a Chicago Political Rally ($50/70,000); and the bleak rooftops of Butte, Montana ($30/50,000) as seen from Frank's hotel window. Perhaps the best-known Robert Frank photograph in the sale is the one reproduced on the cover of the now-classic 1972 Rolling Stones album Exile on Main Street ($7/10,000). Dating from the Frank's Americans series, prints of this image are scarce, and it is believed this is the first one to appear auction.
A group of 50 Danny Lyon photographs from The Bikeriders series ($40/60,000) documents both the romantic and brutal realities of this American subculture. This project, in which Lyon immersed himself in biker culture, stands today as some of his finest work. Garry Winogrand's massive 85-photograph Women Are Beautiful ($60/90,000) showcases another great postwar photographer's work. The sale includes a set of 4 rare and early New York City views (each est. at $10,000 15,000 and including Kids God Bless) by Roy DeCarava, believed to have been used for a Harry Belafonte television special entitled New York 19. Other postwar and contemporary works include a 1949 print of Irving Penn's Cuzco Children ($60/90,000); a suite of 10 large-format color photogravures of Flowers ($60/80,000) by Robert Mapplethorpe; Bernd and Hilla Becher's six-photograph sequence of Spherical Gastanks ($60/80,000); as well as works by Shirin Neshat, Vik Muniz, and Edward Burtynsky.