The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Tuesday, June 19, 2018

Paris and the Avant-Garde: Masters from the Guggenheim Collection Opens
Pablo Picasso, "Mandolin and Guitar" (Mandoline et guitare), Juan-les-Pins, 1924. Oil with sand on canvas, 140.7 x 200.3 cm. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York 53.1358 ©2010 Estate of Pablo Picasso/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.

NEW YORK, NY.- As one of the final exhibitions of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum’s 50th-anniversary celebrations, Paris and the Avant-Garde: Modern Masters from the Guggenheim Collection presents thirty-four works by eighteen artists from the Guggenheim Museum’s collection, including significant groups of sculpture by Constantin Brancusi and Alexander Calder. The exhibition is curated by Tracey Bashkoff, Curator of Collections and Exhibitions, and Megan Fontanella, Assistant Curator, and is on view from January 23 through May 12, 2010.

Paris and the Avant-Garde: Modern Masters from the Guggenheim Collection is supported by a grant from the Joseph and Sylvia Slifka Foundation.

During the first decades of the 20th century, numerous painters and sculptors migrated to Paris, which had become the international nexus for vanguard art. Bringing with them their diverse customs, these artists absorbed and contributed to the latest creative developments, often fusing novel formal elements with aspects of their respective local traditions and individual interests. Although the artists associated with the École de Paris (School of Paris) did not adhere to a fixed style typical of a school, they were united in their defiance of academicism.

One of the stylistic innovations during this period was Cubism, the name of which was accidentally coined in 1908 by French critic Louis Vauxcelles who intended it to be derisory. Its leading practitioners were Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, who first met in 1907. Inspired in part by Paul Cézanne’s geometrized compositions, they created the simplified and faceted forms, flattened spatial planes, and muted colors that came to be associated with Analytic Cubism. The new technique blossomed with stunning rapidity from its inception through 1914, and led to further artistic experimentation among such painters as Marc Chagall, Robert Delaunay, František Kupka, and Fernand Léger, and sculptors like Brancusi.

Following the slowed productivity that occurred during World War I, the Parisian avantgarde resumed its heightened activities. Synthetic Cubism, which had emerged by 1913 and featured brighter colors, ornamental patterns, undulating lines, and rounded as well as jagged shapes, was common into the 1930s. The adherents of Surrealism—a movement inaugurated when André Breton published his first Surrealist manifesto in 1924—were also counted as part of the School of Paris. These writers and artists, drawing in part on the theories of Sigmund Freud, attempted to give form to, or articulate notions of repressed desires, dream imagery, and the unconscious mind. Some juxtaposed dissociated images and incongruous objects, while others concentrated on automatism—drawing without a premeditated composition or subject.

With the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the center of the art world shifted as numerous European artists, including many of the Surrealists, sought refuge in New York. Léger, Matta (Roberto Antonio Sebastián Matta Echaurren), and Yves Tanguy, among others, immigrated to the United States around this time. The American sculptor Calder had returned to the United States from Paris slightly earlier, in 1933, with a vocabulary of forms influenced by Jean Arp and Joan Miró that he proceeded to translate into his own language of movement and balance. Other artists, such as Miró and Picasso, remained in Europe, but were regularly featured in stateside exhibitions of the time, allowing an emerging group of American painters to encounter their work. With the end of the war and the advent of Abstract Expressionism, the primarily figurative painters that had embodied the Parisian avant-garde were displaced from the center of the art world.

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum | Constantin Brancusi | Alexander Calder | Paris and the Avant-Garde |

Today's News

January 23, 2010

Major Exhibition of the Work of Renowned Sculptor Ron Mueck Opens in Melbourne

Paris and the Avant-Garde: Masters from the Guggenheim Collection Opens

Lawyer Says Disputed Van Gogh Worth Up to $150 Million

Sotheby's Sets a Record for American Silver at Auction - Bowl Sells for $5.9 M

MoMA and P.S. 1 Select Winner of 11th Annual Young Architects Program

First Show in New York to Focus on Late Renaissance Drawing in Rome

Biennale di Venezia Presents Kazuyo Sejima as Director of Architecture

Tracey Emin's Chess Set Acquired by the Whitworth Art Gallery

Three Architects Selected to Receive the 2010 AIA Thomas Jefferson Award

Pulse New York Announces List of International Exhibitors

Group Exhibition "Vertically Integrated Manufacturing" at Murray Guy

A Look at Architect Michael Arad's 9/11 Memorial Waterfalls

Early Works by Joel Shapiro on View at Paula Cooper Gallery

Gaudi and Dali in Catalonia: Even Teens are Wowed

Columbia Museum of Art Sets Attendance Record on Final Day of Ansel Adams Exhibition

LACMA Appoints Joshua S. Friedman and Steven F. Roth to Its Board

Cambridge Exhibition Drags Spies in From the Cold

Smithsonian Acquires Historic Food Coupons from USDA

Chilean Painter Carlos Catasse Dies

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- Porsche Super Speedster offered for first time in 50 years at RM Sotheby's Porsche 70th Anniversary Auction

2.- Cummer Museum of Art & Gardens opens 'Storytelling: French Art from the Horvitz Collection'

3.- Gauguin: Voyage to Tahiti stars Vincent Cassel as the famed French artist

4.- Stunning colored diamonds expected to dazzle at Heritage Auctions' Summer Fine Jewelry Auction

5.- US designer Kate Spade found dead at 55

6.- Vincent Van Gogh painting sells for over 7 million euros: Artcurial auction house

7.- Sir Stanley Spencer painting discovered hidden under a bed during a drugs raid

8.- Oxford's Bodleian Libraries unveil UK's first major Tolkien exhibition in decades

9.- Major exhibition at the Guggenheim explores decades of work by Alberto Giacometti

10.- World's largest freshwater pearl goes for 320,000 euros

Related Stories

Guggenheim Museum Announces Winners For Rob Pruitt's 2010 Art Awards

Alexandra Munroe Named First Samsung Senior Curator of Asian Art at the Guggenheim

German Artist Hans-Peter Feldmann Named Winner of Eighth Biennial Hugo Boss Prize

Guggenheim Presents New Site-Specific Installation Made for the Museum by Ryan Gander

Exhibition Examines Return to Classicism in European Art Between World Wars

Guggenheim - Hugo Boss Prize Nominees Garner Accolades

Guggenheim Announces "Art in France, Italy, and Germany, 1918-1936

Guggenheim Announces "Art in France, Italy, and Germany, 1918-1936"

Guggenheim to Present New Site-Specific Installation by Ryan Gander

Guggenheim Museum Appoints Jeffrey Weiss as Curator, Panza Collection

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful