|The First Art Newspaper on the Net
||Established in 1996
|| Thursday, March 30, 2017
|Goodbye to Some of the Notable People in the Arts Who Left Us in 2009|
In this Sept. 19, 2008 file photo, artists Christo and Jeanne-Claude speak at a gallery displaying their "Over The River" project in Denver, Colo. Jeanne-Claude, who created many other wrap projects around the globe with her husband Christo, died Wednesday Nov. 18, 2009 in New York. She was 74. AP Photo/Ed Andrieski
NEW YORK, NY.- On the last day of the year, we would like to say goodbye to those artists who left us this past year. Here, a roll call of some of the notable people in art and popular culture who died in 2009.
30.- Juan Ricardo Miguel Zulueta Vergarajauregui known as Ivan Zulueta
Ivan Zulueta was a designer and film director. His work spanned different fields such as art designer in movies or music# and he was mainly known for writing and directing the film Arrebato (Rapture), and for designing the posters and promotion of Pedro Almodóvar's first movies.
Ruth Lilly was an American philanthropist. She was the sole living heiress to the Eli Lilly and Company pharmaceutical fortune, built by her great grandfather, Colonel Eli Lilly.
29.- David Levine
David Levine was an American artist and illustrator best known for his caricatures in The New York Review of Books. Jules Feiffer has called him "the greatest caricaturist of the last half of the 20th Century".[
22.- Bob Willoughby
Bob Willoughby photographed all his life. Where he worked for Harpers Bazaar magazine where his photographs illustrated arts and culture articles. He authored books on photography and other subjects. Willoughbys images are represented by the Motion Picture and Television Photo Archive.
20.- Yiannis Moralis
Yiannis Moralis was an important Greek visual artist and part of the so-called Generation of the 30s. He studied fresco and mural work at the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He also studied mosaic at the École des Arts et Métiers.
17.- Albert Ràfols-Casamada
Albert Ràfols-Casamada was a Catalan painter and poet. His work was both post-expressionist and figurative. In 2001 he was the subject of a retrospective at the Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art.
15.- James Rossant
James Stephen Rossant was an American architect, artist, and professor of Architecture. A long-time Fellow of the American Institute of Architects, he is best known for his master plan of Reston, Virginia, the Lower Manhattan Plan, and the UN-sponsored master plan for Dodoma, Tanzania. He was a partner of the architectural firm Conklin + Rossant and principal of James Rossant Architects.
12.- Robert G. Heft
Robert G. "Bob" Heft, born in Saginaw, Michigan, was a designer of the 50-star flag, and one of the proposed designs for a 51-star flag for the United States of America. He designed the current U.S. flag in 1958.
10.- Thomas Hoving
Thomas Pearsall Field Hoving was an American museum executive and consultant and the former director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. His tenure at the Metropolitan Museum of Art was characterized by his distinctive approach to expanding the Met's collections. The expansion of the Met during Hoving's directorship was not confined to its collections. Hoving also spearheaded a number of building projects and renovations of the Met itself, from a controversial expansion of its galleries into Central Park to the construction of its underground parking garage.
8.- James Bingham
James 'Jimmy' Bingham, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland, on 23 January 1925, was an artist based in Belfast. He spent thirty years in London working as a signwriter with his brother. In 1967 he returned to Belfast where he met fellow Belfast artist Daniel O'Neill. They became friends and from 1968 he worked with O'Neill in his studio until O'Neill's death in 1974.
7.- Lorenzo Ochoa Salas
Lorenzo Ochoa Salas was a mexican archeologist. He obtained a Masters Degree in anthropology, with a specialty in archaeology at the National School of Anthropology and History. He completed his doctorate in archaeology in the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters of the Autonomous National University of Mexico. Most recently he was the Titular investigator B of definitive T.C in the Institute of Anthropological Investigations, and a member of the National System of Investigators Level II and belonged to the PRIDE Level D. Since 1973 he had completed investigations in the field of archaeology, regarding the ethnographic work and archives in Mexico and Spain.
5.- Nina Fishman
Nina Fishman was an American-born English labour movement historian and political activist.
5.- Alfred Hrdlicka
Alfred Hrdlicka was an Austrian sculptor, draughtsman, painter and artist. In 2008, his new religious work about the Apostles, Religion, Flesh and Power, attracted criticism about its homoerotic theme. The exhibition was housed in the museum of the St. Stephen's Cathedral of Vienna.
4.- Richard T. Antoun
Professor Richard "Dick" T. Antoun was an American anthropologist who specialized in Islamic and Middle Eastern studies. He was a Professor Emeritus at Binghamton University. His work centered on religion and the social organization of tradition in Islamic law and ethics, among other things.
2.- Ikuo Hirayama
Ikuo Hirayama was a Japanese Nihonga painter. Born in Setoda-chō, Hiroshima Prefecture, he was famous in Japan for Silk Road paintings of dreamy desert landscapes in Iran, Iraq, and China. In 1952, he graduated from the Tokyo School of Art, or what is today's Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music (popularly known as "Geidai"), and became a disciple of Maeda Seison. He produced a series of paintings depicting the introduction of Buddhism to Japan.
28.- Kōichi Saitō
Kōichi Saitō was a Japanese film director and photographer. He was initially a movie stills photographer at Nikkatsu before becoming a director. Some of his first films were youth movies featuring Group Sounds music. He came to prominence in the early 1970s with a series of movies about young people escaping to or searching for their identity in the countryside. His Tsugaru jongarabushi was selected the best film of 1973 in the Kinema Junpo poll of critics.
27.- Irving Tripp
Irving Tripp, was an American comic book artist, best known as the illustrator of Little Lulu comics. He worked on a number of other comic books during his four decades at Dell. He inked comic book version of Tom and Jerry and Bugs Bunny. He also aided in illustrating a number of Disney adaptations, most memorably Dumbo. He provided much of the art work in the Clyde Crashcup #1 comic published by Dell.
26.- Peter Forakis
Peter Forakis was an American artist known as an abstract geometric sculptor. He earned his B.F.A. at the California School of Fine Arts (San Francisco Art Institute) in 1957.
24.- José Arraño Acevedo
José Santos Arraño Acevedo was a famous writer and historian from Pichilemu, mostly known for his books on the city's history.
18.- Jeanne-Claude Denat de Guillebon
Christo and Jeanne-Claude were a married couple who created environmental works of art. Their works include the wrapping of the Reichstag in Berlin and the Pont-Neuf bridge in Paris, the 24-mile-long artwork called Running Fence in Sonoma and Marin counties in California, and The Gates in New York City's Central Park. Although their work is visually impressive and often controversial as a result of its scale, the artists have repeatedly denied that their projects contain any deeper meaning than their immediate aesthetic. The purpose of their art, they contend, is simply to create works of art or joy and beauty and to create new ways of seeing familiar landscapes.
17.- John Craxton
John Leith Craxton was known sometimes as an English neo-Romantic painter but he preferred to be known as an Arcadian. His work was seen as part of the neo-romantic revival, and his early pre-1945 work shows the influence of Samuel Palmer and Graham Sutherland, and he was also heavily influenced by friend and patron Peter Watson. He had numerous shows of his paintings in both England and Greece. A major retrospective show was held at Whitechapel Art Gallery in 1967. His later work became more formal, structured and decorative, although still expressing Romantic pastoral themes. He produced the scenery and costumes for the Royal Opera House's 1968 production of Igor Stravinsky's Apollo.
14.- Thomas Hollyman
Thomas Benton Hollyman was an American photographer. He worked primarily as a photographer for most of his career, his quest for new challenges also took him to cinema. In 1963, working with the film-maker and British stage director Peter Brook, he served as director of photography for the big-screen version of Lord of the Flies, learning to operate a movie camera a short while before the film began production in Puerto Rico. Brook selected him as a total unknown. He photographed extensive stories for Town and Country Magazine with his former photo editor from Holiday Magazine, Frank Zachary.
14.- Ladislav Sitenský
Ladislav Sitenský was a Czech landscape photographer, well-known also for his photography from World War II, when he was a technician for the Czech wing of the Royal Air Force.
13.- Dell Hymes
Dell Hathaway Hymes was a sociolinguist, anthropologist, and folklorist whose work dealt primarily with languages of the Pacific Northwest. He was one of the first to call the fourth subfield of anthropology "linguistic anthropology" instead of "anthropological linguistics." He spent five years at Berkeley as well, and then joined the Department of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania in 1965. He served as president of the Linguistic Society of America in 1982, of the American Anthropological Association in 1983, and of the American Folklore Society - the last person to have held all three positions.
11.- Irving Kriesberg
Irving Kriesberg studied at the Art Institute of Chicago School, where he received BFA. Shortly after graduation from the Art Institute of Chicago he traveled to Mexico City. From 1941 until 1944 he studied at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plasticas, Mexico City. He had interest also in cinematography. In 1972 he received his MA from New York University, MA. Kriesberg has received two Ford Foundation Grants, two Pollock-Krasner Foundation Awards, a National Endowment for the Arts Award, a Fulbright Fellowship, the Guggenheim Foundation Memorial Award.
9.- Nick Waterlow
Nick Waterlow was a curator at the Ivan Dougherty Gallery in Sydney, Australia until his death in November 2009. He was well known and respected as an expert on the history of art in Australia and was on the editorial board of the Art and Australia magazine. He was notable for his curating at the Biennale of Sydney at the Art Gallery of New South Wales and a retrospective of the pop artist Martin Sharp.
5.- Félix Luna
He founded an Argentine history monthly Todo es Historia (It's All History), in 1967, and continued to direct the prestigious publication right until his death. Luna has been honored with numerous Konex Awards, the highest distinctions in the Argentine cultural realm, since 1984 for his work as a historian, biographer and lyricist, as well as a French Ordre national du Mérite in 1988, and similar distinctions from Brazil, Chile and Perú. He was Secretary of Culture for the city of Buenos Aires in 198689, and was named an Illustrious Citizen thereof, in 1996. He died in Buenos Aires on November 5, 2009.
3.- Tamás Lossonczy
Tamás Lossonczy was a Hungarian abstract painter born in Budapest. He is considered by many critics to be one of the leading figures of modern art in Hungary of the 20th century. Lossonczy is a founding member of the Széchenyi Academy of Letters and Arts, established by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1992. Among his best known works is his large-scale mosaic at the EUR-Magliana metro station in Rome, Italy, which was inaugurated in 1998.
2.- Evelyn Hofer
Evelyn Hofer was a German-American portrait and documentary photographer. She had apprenticed with two photographers in Zurich before attempting a professional career as a fashion photographer.
30.- Claude Lévi-Strauss
Claude Lévi-Strauss was a French anthropologist and ethnologist, and has been called the "father of modern anthropology".
27.- Roy DeCarava
Roy DeCarava was an American photographer. He was known as the first African American photographer to win a Guggenheim Fellowship and was awarded a National Medal of Arts in 2006. DeCarava worked for a time at Sports Illustrated magazine, but found it difficult to adjust his style and schedule to the constraints of commercial work. He did a series on the set of Requiem for a Heavyweight in 1962, which the director liked so much he bought nearly 200 prints. Despite his successes DeCarava felt very strongly about maintaining the artistic integrity of his images, and eventually gave up magazine and freelance work in order to take on a job teaching at Hunter College, where he was a distinguished member of the faculty. In 2006, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts.
25.- Seymour Fromer
Seymour Fromer was an American co-founder of the Judah L. Magnes Museum in Berkeley, California. Fromer co-founded the museum, which houses 11,000 Jewish artifacts, one of the largest collections in the United States, with his wife, Rebecca Fromer, in a Berkeley mansion in 1962. He remained the director the Judah L. Magnes Museum until his retirement in 1998.
25.- Lawrence Halprin
Lawrence Halprin was an American landscape architect, designer and teacher. In his best work, he construed landscape architecture as narrative.
23.- Trevor Denning
Denning studied painting and graphics at the Birmingham School of Art from 1938 to 1942 and teaching there (from 1971 the Faculty of Art of Birmingham Polytechnic) between 1945 and 1985. In 1947 he was one of the founders of the Birmingham Artists Committee and in 1961 he organised the Four Letter Art exhibition at the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists, having been elected a member the year before.
22.- Maryanne Amacher
Maryanne Amacher was an American composer and installation artist. Her major pieces have almost exclusively been site specific, often using many loudspeakers to create what she called "structure borne sound", which is a differentiation with "airborne sound", the paradox intentional. By using many diffuse sound sources (either not in the space or speakers facing at the walls or floors) she would create the psychoacoustic illusions of sound shapes/"presence.
22.- Nicholas Atkin
Nick Atkin was appointed Lecturer in History at the University of Reading (UK) in 1986, having previously taught at the University of London. He was promoted to Senior Lecturer in 2000 and the personal title of Professor of Modern European History was conferred on him in 2004.
22.- Pierre Chaunu
Pierre Chaunu was a French historian. His specialty was Latin American history; he also studied French social and religious history of the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries.
20.- Charles Mills
Charles Norman Mills was an African American artist whose paintings appeared on canvas and as murals on neighborhood walls, focusing on events in African-American history and culture. His work Wall of History, a mural depicting centuries of African American history, located at the entrance to downtown Fort Lauderdale's Sistrunk Boulevard, has been called his greatest achievement.
20.- Jef Nys
Jozef "Jef" Nys was a Belgian comic book creator. He was best known for his comic strip Jommeke.
18.- Ruth Duckworth
Ruth Duckworth was a modernist sculptor who specialized in ceramics. Her sculptures, as well as wall sculptures and monumental works, are mostly untitled. She is best known for Clouds over Lake Michigan, a wall sculpture. A retrospective of her work Ruth Duckworth: Modernist Sculptor opened in 2005 at New York City's Museum of Arts & Design before traveling to other museums across the country. In 2006, her works were featured at the Art Expo at the Seventh Regiment Armory in Manhattan. There is a documentary about the late sculptor titled Ruth Duckworth: A Life in Clay.
18.- Nancy Spero
Nancy Spero was an American artist. Born in Cleveland, Ohio, she had long been based in New York City. She was married to and collaborated with artist Leon Golub (19222004). As both artist and activist, Nancy Speros career has spanned fifty years. Her continuous engagement with contemporary political, social, and cultural concerns is renowned. She has chronicled wars and apocalyptic violence as well as articulating visions of ecstatic rebirth and the celebratory cycles of life. Her complex network of collective and individual voices was a catalyst for the creation of her figurative lexicon representing women from prehistory to the present in such epic-scale paintings and collage on paper as Torture of Women (1976), Notes in Time on Women (1979) and The First Language (1981).
16.- Meilė Lukienė
Meilutė Julija LukienėMatjoaitytė was a Lithuanian cultural historian and activist. She was a founding member of the Sąjūdis, a political organization which advocated for the independence of Lithuania from the Soviet Union during the late 1980s and early 1990s.
15.- George Tuska
George Tuska, who early in his career used a variety of pen names including Carl Larson, was an American comic book and newspaper comic strip artist best known for his 1940s work on various Captain Marvel titles and the crime fiction series Crime Does Not Pay, for and his 1960s work illustrating Iron Man and other Marvel Comics characters. As well, he drew the DC Comics newspaper comic strip The World's Greatest Superheroes from 1978-1993. He was a 1997 recipient of the industry's Inkpot Award.
14.- Fred Cress
Frederick Harold Cress AM was a British painter who migrated to Australia and won the Archibald Prize in 1988 with a portrait of John Beard.
12.- Maurice Agis
Maurice Agis was a British sculptor and artist whose Dreamspace projects have drawn the involvement and work of various schools and art institutions all over Britain. His disillusionment with galleries and museums led him to create his signature "interactive works" in the 1960s.
12.- Dietrich von Bothmer
Dietrich Felix von Bothmer was a German-born American art historian, who spent six decades as a curator at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, where he developed into the world's leading specialist in the field of ancient Greek vases.
12.- Donald Kaufman
Donald Lewis Kaufman was an American toy collector amassing millions of dollars worth of antique items in his country home in western Massachusetts. The Kaufman Brothers' business expanded into retail that included Kaufman Brothers Toys, or Kay Bee Toys, in 1960 and was fully established in 1972 in nearly every state in shopping malls. Donald Kaufman was vice president at this time. Nine years later, the business was sold to Melville Corporation and eventually dissolved in 2008 when the decline in the retail business started affecting the shopping malls.
12.- Joe Rosen
Joe Rosen was an American comic book letterer. Over the course of his career with Marvel Comics and DC Comics, Rosen lettered such titles as Captain America, Daredevil, Spider-Man, G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero, The Incredible Hulk, The Further Adventures of Indiana Jones, and X-Factor. He also lettered the DC/Marvel intercompany crossover book Superman and Spider-Man. Rosen started his lettering career at the age of 25 in the production department of Fawcett Comics, where he worked from 19401943. He then joined DC Comics' production department, lettering at that publisher until the mid-1950s.
11.- Abigail McLellan
Abigail McLellan was a Scottish artist. She was noted for still-life paintings consisting of "pared-down, almost abstracted, images of single plants, flowers, and other distinct items, set against richly-worked backgrounds of saturated colour" and portraits, both bearing the strong influence of Japanese art.
11.- Alan Peters
Alan Peters OBE was a British furniture designer maker and one of the very few direct links with the Arts and Crafts Movement, having apprenticed to Edward Barnsley. He set up his own workshop in the Sixties. He is well known for his book Cabinetmaking - a professional approach (re-published in 2009) and his revision (for the fourth edition) of Ernest Joyce's The Technique of Furniture Making. In 1990 he was awarded the OBE for his services to furniture. He was a main exponent of the seventies British Craft Revival. His work is rooted in tradition and shows a deep understanding and respect for his material wood.
8.- Gerald Ferguson
Gerald Ferguson was a conceptual artist and painter who lived and taught in Halifax, Nova Scotia. During his time at NSCAD he developed his conceptual approach to painting, what the Dalhousie Art Gallery curator Susan Gibson Garvey refers to as literal, task-oriented paintings." With NSCAD president Garry Neill Kennedy, Ferguson helped establish NSCAD as an important centre for conceptual art. He is represented by Wynick/Tuck Gallery in Toronto and Gallery Page & Strange in Halifax.
7.- Irving Penn
Irving Penn was an American photographer known for his portraiture and fashion photography. He has published numerous books including the recent, "A Notebook at Random" which offers a generous selection of photographs, paintings, and documents of his working methods. The permanent collection of the Smithsonian American Art Museum possesses a silver gelatin print of Penn's The Tarot Reader, a photograph from 1949 of Jean Patchett and surrealist painter Bridget Tichenor. The Irving Penn Archives, a collection of personal items and materials relating to his career, are held by the Ryerson & Burnham Libraries at the Art Institute of Chicago.
2.- Nat Finkelstein
Nathan Nat Louis Finkelstein was an American photographer and photojournalist. Finkelstein studied photography under Alexey Brodovitch, the art director of Harpers Bazaar and worked as a photojournalist for the Black Star and PIX photo agencies, reporting primarily on the political developments of various subcultures in New York City in the 1960s. In 1964, Finkelstein entered Andy Warhol's Factor as a photojournalist and remained for three years; Finkelstein's photographs from this period are now regarded as some of the most iconic of the time.
27.- Henry Hopkins
Henry Hopkins studied painting at the Art Institute of Chicago, but is best known as a curator, teacher, and museum director. He became director of the Fort Worth Art Center Museum (1968-1973). In 1974 he moved to San Francisco where he took over the directorship of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (1974-1986). In 1991 he was made Chair of the Art department of the University of California, Los Angeles. He was instrumental in the negotiations that gave UCLA management responsibility over the Armand Hammer Museum of Art and was the museum's director from 1994 until 1998 when he retired to return to teaching in UCLA's art department. In 1991 Hopkins began painting again, and has had several exhibitions of his work.
27.- Donal McLaughlin
Donal McLaughlin was an American architect who played a major role in the design of the Flag of the United Nations.
26.- John Hyson
John Miller Hyson, Jr. was the former curator, director of curatorial services, and director of archives and history at the National Museum of Dentistry, an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution located in Baltimore, Maryland. He was also the author of many articles and books on the history of dentistry and was a practicing dentist for nearly 50 years. Hyson was also collector of historic dental memorabilia, including instruments, dental office furniture, U.S. Army Dental Corps uniforms and a folding dental chair from a World War I field hospital.
26.- David Underdown
David E. Underdown was a historian of 17th-century English politics and culture and Professor Emeritus at Yale University. A native of the United Kingdom, Underdown was educated at Exeter College, Oxford and Yale. His best-known historical works are Revel, Riot, and Rebellion and Fire from Heaven, which won prizes from the North American Conference on British Studies and the New England Historical Association. After retiring from Yale in 1996, Underdown wrote a well-received book about the history of cricket in the Hambledon era, Start of Play.
24.- Emile Norman
Emile was an iconoclastic California artist known for mosaics, panels, jewelry and sculpture with a meticulous attention to detail. In New York, Norman's work was featured in Vogue magazine, and he first displayed an affinity for working in plastic. Norman was featured in a November 22, 1944 New York Times article, Plastics Shown in Decorative Role, covering the opening of his exhibit at the Pendleton Gallery.
23.- Marie Wadley
Marie L. Wadley was an American co-founder of the Five Civilized Tribes Museum in Muskogee, Oklahoma. Wadley became the museum's first president after its opening. Wadley worked with local political and community figures to plan new museum over the next thirteen years. She wanted a historically accurate museum which would correctly depict and display the local Native American culture of eastern Oklahoma.
19.- Milton Meltzer
Milton Meltzer was an American historian and author best known for his history nonfiction books on Jewish, African-American and American history. Since the 1950s, he was a leading author of history books in the children's literature and young adult literature genres, having written more than 100 books. Meltzer was an adjunct professor at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and a lecturer at universities in the United States and England, as well as professional meetings and seminars. He did work on various documentary films such as History of the American Negro and Five.
17.- Sue Eakin
Myrtle Sue Lyles Eakin, known as Sue Eakin was a professor, newspaper columnist, and historian from Bunkie in Avoyelles Parish, who researched Louisiana history, particularly the plantation system of the Old South.
17.- Bernie Fuchs
Bernie Fuchs was an American illustrator known for advertising art, magazine illustration, and portraiture, including for a series of U.S. postage stamps. Fuchs was commissioned for the illustration of four U.S. postage stamps released in 1998. The stamps featured folk musicians Huddie "Leadbelly" Ledbetter, Woody Guthrie, Sonny Terry, and Josh White. Fuchs also illustrated several children's picture books, including Ragtime Tumpie and Carolina Shout!, both written by Alan Schroeder. He painted portraits of several U.S. Presidents, including John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan, as well as of such athletes and celebrities such as Muhammad Ali, Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus, Ted Koppel and Katharine Hepburn.
13.- Philip Aziz
Philip J.A.F. Aziz was an internationally acclaimed Canadian master artist (painter, sculptor, designer of buildings, jewelled metal works, chapels, altarpieces, chalices and crosses) who has been featured in the world's and Canada's book of Who's Who. Aziz lived in London, Ontario, Canada and was of Lebanese, Greek Orthodox descent.
12.- Willy Ronis
Willy Ronis was a French photographer, the best-known of whose work shows life in post-war Paris and Provence.
11.- Sarane Alexandrian
Sarane Alexandrian was a French philosopher, essayist, and art critic. He served as the last secretary of surrealist André Breton. Alexandrian was an advocate of the philosophy Nietzsche advanced in The Gay Science (Die fröhliche Wissenschaft). He headed the journal Supérieur Inconnu (a title provided by Breton), which exalts four values shared by the surrealists and Alexandrian: dreams, love, knowledge, and revolution. Catherine Millet is one notable contributor to the magazine.
8.- Rica Erickson
Frederica Lucy "Rica" Erickson AM, née Sandilands, was an Australian naturalist, botanical artist, historian, author and teacher. Without any formal scientific training, she has written extensively on botany and birds, as well as genealogy and general history. Erickson is the author of ten books, co-author of four, editor of twelve, and author or co-author of numerous papers and articles that have been printed in popular, scientific and encyclopaedic publications.
5.- Ross Clifton
Ross Clifton was an American professional mixed martial artist and former Gladiator Challenge Super Heavyweight Champion. His most notable fight was against UFC Hall Of Famer Ken Shamrock. Clifton ran his own mixed martial arts school, called the Grizzly's Den. Clifton last fight was at Gladiator Challenge: Total Recall on July 31, 2009, which he lost to Rick Vardell.
5.- Richard Merkin
Richard Merkin was an American painter and illustrator. In 196263 he received a Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation Fellowship in Painting and, in 1975, The Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Foundation Award from The National Institute of Arts and Letters.
2.- Donald Hamilton Fraser
Donald Hamilton Fraser RA, is famed for his abstract landscape paintings. Hamilton Fraser trained at St Martin's School of Art. He won a one year French government scholarship in Paris in 1953 and later taught at the Royal College of Art (19581983). He was elected a fellow there in 1970, becoming an Honorary Fellow in 1984. He was elected associate of the Royal Academy in 1975, and full RA ten years later, and served as its honorary curator from 1992-99.
2.- Christian Poveda
Christian Poveda was a Hispanic-French photojournalist and a Film director.
31.- Barry Flanagan
Barry Flanagan was a Welsh sculptor, best known for his bronze statues of hares.
31.- Frederick Gore
Frederick John Pym Gore was a British painter. Was a Trustee of the Imperial War Museum from 1967 until 1984 and was Chairman of its Artistic Records Committee (1972-1986). In 1972 he was elected as a Royal Academician and from 1976-1987 he was appointed Chairman of the Royal Academy of Arts Exhibitions Committee.
28.- Hubert D. Humphreys
Hubert Davis Humphreys was an historian formerly affiliated with Louisiana State University in Shreveport who specialized in archives, oral history, and studies of his native North Louisiana.
26.- Hyman Bloom
Hyman Bloom was a painter. His work is influenced by his Jewish heritage, as well as the supernatural. Many of his works feature macabre subjects such as skeletons or corpses.
25.- Bob Carroll
Robert Nuehardt (Bob) Carroll, Jr. was an American historian and author. Carroll was the author of more than twenty books, most notably Pro Football: When the Grass Was Real and Baseball Between the Lies. His non-sports books included The Importance of Napoleon and The Battle of Stalingrad.
16.- Mualla Eyüboğlu
Mualla Eyüboğlu Anhegger was one of the first female architects in Turkey. She is known for her restoration work on the Topkapı Palace harem room and the Rumelia Fortress in Istanbul.
11.- Behjat Sadr
Behjat Sadr was an Iranian painter whose works have been exhibited in major cities across the world, such as New York, Paris, and Rome. Sadr's first major exhibition was at the twenty-eighth Venice Biennial in 1956.
9.- Frank Borth
Frank M. Borth III was an American comic book artist. Borth rose to prominence during the so-called Golden Age of Comic Books in the 1930s and 40s, where he was responsible for characters such as Spider Widow for Quality Comics. He also worked for the Catholic-oriented comic book Treasure Chest, and did occasional assignments for Cracked magazine.
8.- Harold Hitchcock
Harold Hitchcock was an English visionary landscape artist. His work is purely imaginative - often depicting, in fine detail, a romantic mythological world of idealized beauty, suffused in light, and reminiscent of the 17th.C painter Claude Lorraine. However his art often has a peculiarly English quality following in the tradition of artists such as William Blake (in his adoption of a personal mythology) and particularly Samuel Palmer in his depiction of a pastoral idyll. His use of light also recalls the paintings of J.M.W. Turner. Remarkably unaffected by modern trends in art he follows his own unique inner vision working in a spontaneous way with great technical skill.
6.- Charles Townsend Harrison
Charles Townsend, BA Hons (Cantab), MA (Cantab), PhD (London) was a prominent UK art historian who taught Art History for many years and was Emeritus Professor of History and Theory of Art at the Open University.
6.- Jack T. Kirby
Jack Temple Kirby was an American historian who wrote about the Southern United States and the persistent stereotyping of Southerners. He was awarded the Bancroft Prize for his 2006 book Mockingbird Song: Ecological Landscapes of the South.
3.- Charles Gwathmey
Charles Gwathmey was an American architect. He was a principal at Gwathmey Siegel & Associates Architects, as well as one of the five architects identified as The New York Five in 1969. One of Gwathmey's most famous designs is the 1992 renovation of Frank Lloyd Wright's Guggenheim Museum in New York City.Gwathmey has served as President of the Board of Trustees for The Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies and was elected a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects in 1981. Gwathmey's firm designed the Museum Of Contemporary Art of North Miami, Florida in 1995, and the Astor Place Tower, a 21-story condominium project in Manhattan's East Village, in 2005.
29.- Dina Babbitt
Dina Gottliebova-Babbitt was an artist and Holocaust survivor. As Dina Gottliebova, she was imprisoned in the Auschwitz Concentration Camp during WWII, where she drew portraits of gypsy inmates for the infamous Dr. Mengele. Following the liberation of the camp and the end of the war she emigrated to the United States and became an animator. She had been fighting the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum for the return of her paintings. According to the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum's website, seven of her portraits of inmate gypsies were discovered after World War II outside the Auschwitz camp in the early 1970s and sold to the Museum by people who apparently did not know that Gottliebova was still alive and living in California as Dina Babbitt.
28.- Bernard Rosenthal
Bernard J. Rosenthal, also known as Tony Rosenthal, was an American abstract sculptor born in Highland Park, Illinois. He earned a bachelor of fine arts degree from the University of Michigan and the Cranbrook Academy of Art. In 1960, Sam Kootz, his art dealer, persuaded Mr. Rosenthal to use his nickname Tony as his professional name.
26.- Marcey Jacobson
Marcella "Marcey" Jacobson was an American photographer who moved to Chiapas, Mexico in the 1950s, and was best known for her photographs of the indigenous peoples of Southern Mexico.
25.- Ken Major
John Kenneth Major ARIBA, FSA, popularly known as Ken Major was an architect, author and world authority on industrial archaeology, particularly windmills, watermills and animal powered machines. As an author, he was known as J Kenneth Major.
22.- John Ryan
John Gerald Christopher Ryan was a British animator and cartoonist, best known for his character Captain Pugwash.
21.- Heinz Edelmann
Heinz Edelmann was a German illustrator and designer. He designed Curro for the 1992 Seville World's Fair.
20.- Edward T. Hall
Edward Twitchell Hall Jr. was an anthropologist and cross-cultural researcher.
16.- Otto and Vivika Heino
Otto Heino and Vivika Heino were artists working in ceramics. They collaborated as a husband-and-wife team for thirty-five years, signing their pots Vivika + Otto, regardless of who actually made them.
15.- Julius Shulman
Julius Shulman was an American architectural photographer best known for his photograph "Case Study House #22, Los Angeles, 1960. Pierre Koenig, Architect." The house is also known as The Stahl House. Shulman's photography spread California modernism around the world. Through his many books, exhibits and personal appearances his work ushered in a new appreciation for the movement beginning in the 1990s. His vast library of images currently reside at the Getty Center in Los Angeles. His contemporaries include Ezra Stoller and Hedrich Blessing. In 1947, Julius Shulman asked architect Raphael Soriano to build a mid-century steel home and studio in the Hollywood Hills.
13.- Robert Cushman
Robert Cushman was the photography curator for the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) for 37 years. He is credited with developing and expanding the photographic archives of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Science's Margaret Herrick Library in Beverly Hills, California. The collection is estimated to consist of more than 10 million images and photographs as of 2009. Additional images were acquired by Cushman through his solicitation of donations from major Hollywood film studios, individuals and their families during his 37 year tenure with the Academy.
Linda Mehr, director of the Margaret Herrick Library, credited Cushman with make the library's collection of industry photography more user friendly, "He also developed the protocols of organizing the material so it was accessible. Cushman restored his Los Angeles house, a Queen Anne Victorian home constructed in 1895. The home was named a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in 1979.
13.- Dash Snow
Dash Snow was an American artist. The artist's photographic work is in a thematically similar mode to photographers Nan Goldin, Larry Clark, Ryan McGinley and Richard Billingham, often depicting scenes of a candid or illicit nature. Snow exhibited in galleries and museums such as The Royal Academy in London, the Whitney Museum of American Art's 2006 Biennial, "God spoiled a perfect asshole when he put teeth in yer mouth", Peres Projects, Contemporary Fine Arts, Deitch Projects, Saatchi Gallery, "Babylon" at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin, Palais de Tokyo in Paris, and Bergen Kunsthall in Norway. He is represented by Peres Projects in Berlin and Los Angeles, and Contemporary Fine Arts in Berlin.
11.- Ji Xianlin
Ji Xianlin was a Chinese Indologist, linguist, paleographer, historian, and writer who had been honored by the governments of both India and China. He was born in Qingping County, now Linqing. During the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), he secretly translated the Ramayana from Sanskrit into Chinese retaining the poetic format, risking the punishment which befell those convicted as "intellectuals". In 1998 he published Memoirs from the Cowshed, his account of his life during that period, which attained great popularity in China.
27.- Frank Barlow
Frank Barlow CBE FBA FRSL was a British historian, known particularly for biographies of medieval figures.
24.- Olja Ivanjicki
Olja Ivanjicki was a well-known Serbian contemporary artist, in fields such as sculpture, poetry, costume design, architecture and writing, but was best-known for her painting. She had no fewer than 87 individual exhibitions at home and abroad.
17.- José Ignacio García Hamilton
José Ignacio García Hamilton was an Argentine writer, noted historian, lawyer and politician.
17.- IZ the Wiz
Michael "Iz the Wiz" Martin was one of the most prominent graffiti writers of the New York graffiti movement of the late 70s and early 80s.
16.- Frank Herbert Mason
Frank Herbert Mason was an American painter and teacher. Mason's painting, the Resurrection of Christ, can be seen in Old St. Patricks Cathedral in New York. In 1962 Mason received a commission to paint eight large paintings of the Life of St. Anthony of Padua, which were permanently installed in the 11th Century Church of San Giovanni de Malta, in Venice, where his paintings hang alongside a painting by Giovanni Bellini. Consequently, the Order of Malta conferred upon him the Cross of Merit, Prima Classe. He became the first painter to receive the honor since Caravaggio. In response to the overcleaning of the Sistine Chapel, Mason, along with James Beck, helped form the organization, ArtWatch International.
11.- Ricardo Rangel
Ricardo Achiles Rangel was a Mozambican photojournalist and photographer.
9.- Dave Simons
Dave Simons was an American comic book artist known for his work on Conan, Ghost Rider, Red Sonja, and Spider-Man for Marvel Comics and Forgotten Realms for DC Comics. He is also known for commercial storyboard and games artwork work on The Secret Files of the Spy Dogs and Greyhawk Ruins.
6.- Charles Arnold-Baker
Charles Arnold-Baker, OBE, born Wolfgang Charles Werner von Blumenthal was an English barrister (called 1948), an academic and a historian. He was the author of the Companion to British History. He was awarded an OBE (1966) and the King Haakon VII Medal of Freedom (1945).
4.- Robert Colescott
Robert H. Colescott, was an American painter. He is known for satirical genre and crowd subjects, often conveying his exuberant, comical, or bitter reflections on being African-American. According to the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Colescott was "the first African-American artist to represent the United States in a solo exhibition at the Venice Biennale in 1997."
4.- Philip D. Curtin
Philip De Armind Curtin was a Professor Emeritus at Johns Hopkins University and historian on Africa and the Atlantic slave trade. He published an estimate that from the 1500s to 1870, around 9,566,000 African slaves were imported to the Americas.
1.- Thomas Berry
The Rev. Fr. Thomas Berry, C.P. was a Catholic priest of the Passionist order, cultural historian and ecotheologian.
30.- Torsten Andersson
Otto Torsten Andersson was a Swedish modernist painter, best known for his theme of the realistic depiction of abstract sculptures, and two-dimensional exploration of three-dimensional objects, where the colors seem to be superimposed on a random and perfunctory manner.
25.- Ivan van Sertima
Ivan Gladstone Van Sertima was a historian, linguist and anthropologist at Rutgers University in the United States. He was noted for his controversial Afrocentric theory of pre-Columbian contact between Africa and the Americas.
21.- Him Mark Lai
Him Mark Lai was an American historian. He was known as the Dean of Chinese American History by his academic peers, despite the fact that he was professionally trained as a mechanical engineer with no advanced training in the academic field of History.
20.- Arthur Erickson
Arthur Charles Erickson, CC was an internationally celebrated Canadian architect and urban planner. Most of his buildings are modernist concrete structures designed to respond to the natural conditions of its location, especially climate. Many buildings, such as the Museum of Anthropology in Vancouver, are inspired by the post and beam architecture of the Coastal First Nations. Additionally, Erickson is also known for numerous futuristic designs such as the Fresno City Hall and the Biological Sciences Building at the University of California, Irvine.
17.- David Herbert Donald
David Herbert Donald was an historian of the American Civil War. He is best known for his biography of Abraham Lincoln, which has been praised by Eric Foner as the best biography of Lincoln, as well as his Pulitzer-Prize winning biographies of politician Charles Sumner and writer Thomas Wolfe, along with his revision of the Randall textbook, Civil War and Reconstruction (1961, 2001). Donald argued that the American Civil War was a needless war caused or hastened by the fanaticism of people like Charles Sumner though he admires Abraham Lincoln.
17.- David Ireland
David Kenneth Ireland was an American artist and co-founder of the Capp Street Project artist residency.
15.- Hubert van Es
Hubert van Es was a Dutch photographer and photojournalist who took the well-known photo on 29 April 1975, which shows South Vietnamese civilians scrambling to board a CIA Air America helicopter during the U.S. evacuation of Saigon. The picture was taken a day before the Fall of Saigon.
14.- Newt Heisley
Newton Foust "Newt" Heisley was an American commercial artist who was responsible for the design of the POW/MIA flag for the National League of Families, which was officially recognized by the United States Congress in relation to the Vietnam War POW/MIA issue "as the symbol of our Nation's concern and commitment to resolving as fully as possible the fates of Americans still prisoner, missing and unaccounted for in Southeast Asia, thus ending the uncertainty for their families and the Nation".
2.- Janus Kamban
Janus Kamban is a Faroese sculptor and last living representative from the "first generation" of professional artists in the Faroe Islands. Kamban is the first and most important sculptor in the Faroe Islands. In his Copenhagen studio he organized the first exhibition of Faroese Art in Denmark. In addition to his own works, it included works by Gudmund Hentze, Sámal Joensen-Mikines, Elin Borg Lützen, Ruth Smith and Ingolf Jacobsen. His first monumental work was Móðurmálið (mother tongue), made in 1948 from local basalt, as an anniversary memorial for V U Hammershaimb, 1846, creator of the Faroese written language. This monument is now hidden behind high bushes in Tórshavn.
1.- Ric Estrada
Ric Estrada was a Cuban American penciler of comic books for companies including the major American publisher DC Comics. He also worked in comic strips, political cartoons, advertising, storyboarding, and commercial illustration. Estrada drew the Flash Gordon syndicated newspaper comic strip in sporadic stints during from the 1950s to the 1970s. In the 1980s, he collaborated on the animated television series He-Man and the Masters of the Universe, Galtar, the revived Jonny Quest, and Bionic Six.
1.- Norman Gash
Norman Gash CBE was a British historian, notable for a two volume biography of British Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel.
26.- Perez Zagorin
Perez Zagorin was a world-renowned historian who specialized in 16th and 17th century English/British history and political thought, early modern European history, and related areas in literature and philosophy.
23.- Kenneth Paul Block
Kenneth Paul Block was one of the foremost fashion illustrators of the 20th century. For nearly forty years, he was an in-house artist for Fairchild Publications, owner of Women's Wear Daily, the garment industry trade paper, and its offshoot, W magazine. As chief features artist, he helped transform the once-dowdy WWD into the bible of the jet set during the 1960s and 1970s. Babe Paley, Gloria Vanderbilt, The Duchess of Windsor, and Gloria Guinness were among the society women who posed for him.
17.- Honoré Desmond Sharrer
Honoré Desmond Sharrer was a noted American artist first received public acclaim in 1950 for her Tribute to the American Working People. It was painted as a five-image polyptych echoing a Renaissance altarpiece, except its central figure is a factory worker not a saint. It recently was the subject of a 2007 retrospective at the Smithsonian. Unlike many of her New York contemporaries including Motherwell, Jackson Pollock and Mark Rothko, Sharrer did not take the turn to abstract expressionism and continued to paint in a figurative and academic style, although the content of her work was often mordantly witty. The term Magic Realism applied to other American painters including Paul Cadmus and George Tooker is often used to describe her later work.
11.- Al Rosenbaum
Al Rosenbaum was an American artist and the co-founder of the Virginia Holocaust Museum in Richmond, Virginia. Rosembaum produced his first one man art show at the Valentine Museum in 1997. His work had received awards from art shows as far from Virginia as Pennsylvania and Michigan.
7.- Cecil Skotnes
Cecil Skotnes was a prominent South African artist. He was appointed cultural officer in charge of the influential Polly Street Art Centre in 1952. Was a founder member of the Amadlozi Group in 1961. In 2003 he was awarded the Order of the Ikhamanga (Gold) by the South African government for his contribution to South African art.
6.- J. M. S. Careless
James Maurice Stockford Careless, OC, O.Ont, FRSC was a Canadian historian. During the Second World War, he worked in the historical branch of Naval Service Headquarters at Ottawa, then transferred to the Department of External Affairs, where he served as Canadian Diplomatic Officer aboard the exchange ship Gripsholm.
29.- Helen Levitt
Helen Levitt was an American photographer. She was particularly noted for "street photography" around New York City, and has been called "the most celebrated and least known photographer of her time."
28.- Peter F. Donnelly
Peter F. Donnelly was an American patron of the arts. He was a former Vice-Chairman of Americans for the Arts, a co-founder of the Seattle Arts Commission and a pivotal figure in the Seattle artistic community for more than 45 years.
28.- Martin J. Klein
Martin J. Klein (M. J. Klein) was a science historian of 19th and 20th century physics. At Yale University, he was the Eugene Higgins emeritus professor of the history of physics and an emeritus professor of physics. He was elected to the Academie Internationale dHistoire des Sciences (1971), the National Academy of Sciences (1977) and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1979). In 2005 Professor Klein was the first recipient of the Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics, a joint award of the American Physical Society and the American Institute of Physics.
25.- John Hope Franklin
John Hope Franklin (2 January 1915 25 March 2009) was a United States historian and past president of Phi Beta Kappa, the Organization of American Historians, the American Historical Association, and the Southern Historical Association. The John Matthews Manly Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus at The University of Chicago, Franklin is best known for his work From Slavery to Freedom, first published in 1947, and continually updated. More than three million copies have been sold. In 1995, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor.
22.- Robert Delford Brown
Robert Delford-Brown was an American performance artist. The New York Times called him "a painter, sculptor, performance artist and avant-garde philosopher whose exuberantly provocative works challenged orthodoxies of both the art world and the world at large, usually with a big wink." Deborah Velders of the Cameron Museum of Art in Wilmington, N.C. called him "a visionary" and "the William Blake of our time." Allan Kaprow, credited with originating the Happening movement in the early 1960s.
21.- Joseph Jasgur
Joseph Jasgur was a photographer who photographed celebrities during the golden age of Hollywood. He was noted for his photographs of Marilyn Monroe.
19.- Gianni Giansanti
Gianni Giansanti was a long time photographer of Pope John Paul II.
15.- Pirkle Jones
Pirkle Jones was a documentary photographer born in Shreveport, Louisiana. His first experience with photography was when he purchased a Kodak Brownie at the age of seventeen. In the 30's his photographs were featured in pictorialist salons and publications. He served four years in the army during World War II in the 37th division at Fiji Islands, New Georgia, Guadalcanal and the Philippines.
15.- Shinkichi Tajiri
Shinkichi Tajiri was a Dutch-American sculptor of Japanese ancestry (a nisei or second generation emigrant from Japan). He was also active in painting, photography and cinematography. In 1975 and 1976 he recreated the Daguerreotype: surreal portraits, nudes and daguerreotypes of the Wall.
10.- Tom Hanson
Tom Hanson began freelancing for the Canadian Press in 1989, becoming a staff member in Ottawa in 1992. Hanson was awarded the Canadian Press Picture of the Year Award in 1992. In 2002, he was named Canadian Press Photographer of the Year. Hanson's photographs documented Canadians major events such as the Oka Crisis, the Summit of the Americas in Quebec City, the 2006 evacuation of Canadians from Lebanon and the Canadian mission in Afghanistan.
Hanne Darboven was a German conceptual artist. She became best known for her large scale minimalist installations consisting of handwritten tables of numbers.
8.- Ernest Trova
Ernest Tino Trova was a self-trained American surrealist and pop art painter and sculptor. Best known for his signature image and figure series, The Falling Man, Trova considered his entire output a single "work in progress." Trova used classic American comic character toys in some of his pieces because he admired their surrealism. Many of Trova's sculptures are cast in unusual white bronze. He began as a painter, progressing through three-dimensional constructions to his mature medium, sculpture. Trova's gift of forty of his works led to the opening of St. Louis County, Missouri's Laumeier Sculpture Park.
7.- Michael Bowen
Michael Bowen was an American fine artist known as one of the co-founders of the late 20th and 21st century Visionary art movements. His works include paintings on canvas and paper, 92 intaglio etchings based on Jungian psychology, assemblage, bronze sculpture, collage, and handmade art books. An icon of the American Beat Generation and the 1960s counterculture, Bowen is also known for his role in inspiring and organizing the first Human Be-In in San Francisco. Chronicled in books and periodicals reflecting on the turbulent 60s, Bowen's historical impact on both the literary and visual art worlds is well-documented. He remains influential among avante-garde art circles around the world.
5.- Temima Gezari
Temima Gezari was an American artist and art educator. Her life's work in painting and sculpture is presented in the photographic retrospective The Art of Temima Gezari, edited by her son, Daniel Gezari. In 1995, Gezari was awarded an honorary Doctor of Letters degree by the Jewish Theological Seminary of New York.
24.- Jean Battersby
Jean Battersby, AO was an Australian arts executive and adviser, and the founding chief executive officer of the Australian Council for the Arts in 1968. In 1968, she was invited by H. C. Coombs, chairman of the Australian Council for the Arts, to become its first Executive Officer. In 1987 she began a new career as an arts advisory consultant for corporate buyers.
23.- Marie Boas Hall
Marie Boas Hall was a historian. She won the George Sarton Medal, the most prestigious award of the History of Science Society, together with her husband A. Rupert Hall in 1981.
23.- Tuulikki Pietilä
Tuulikki Pietilä was a Finnish graphic artist and professor. She was one of the most influential people in Finnish graphic arts whose work has been shown in numerous art exhibitions. Among the most popular of her works were the Moomin works. These were created in collaboration with Pentti Eistola and are now exhibited at the Moomin museum in Tampere. The first exhibition of Pietilä's work was in Turku in 1935. Her first private exhibition was in 1951. She has participated in the Purnu group's summer exhbitions since 1967, with a retroactive exhibition in 1986. She has also participated in several exhibitions abroad. Pietilä has gained well-deserved praise for her work; she was awarded the Pro Finlandia medal in 1963 and the title of professor in 1982. Pietilä was known to have inspired the energetic figure Tooticky in Jansson's Moomin books.
23.- Franciszek Starowieyski
Franciszek Andrzej Bobola Biberstein-Starowieyski, was a Polish artist. From 1949 to 1955 he studied at Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow and Warsaw. He specialized in poster, drawing, painting, stage designing, and book illustration. He was a member of Alliance Graphique International (AGI). Throughout his career his style deviated from the socialist realism that was prevalent during the start of his career and the popular, brightly colored Cyrk posters, however he did create one Cyrk poster 'Homage to Picasso' in 1966. He was the first Polish artist to have a one man show at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York in 1986.
19.- Ibrahim Hussein
Ibrahim Hussein was a Malaysian artist. His main medium was one he devised himself and called "printage" a combination of printing and collage. In 1991, he founded the Ibrahim Hussein Museum and Cultural Foundation in the Langkawi rainforest a non-profit foundation and museum dedicated to the promotion, development and advancement of art and culture.
18.- J. Max Bond, Jr.
J. Max Bond, Jr. was one of a small number of prominent African-American architects.
17.- Victor Kiernan
Professor Victor Gordon Kiernan was a British Marxist historian and a former member of the Communist Party Historians Group with a particular focus on the history of imperialism.
11.- Mildred Wolfe
Mildred Nungester Wolfe was a United States artist based out of Jackson, Mississippi. After World War II, the Wolfes settled in Jackson, constructing Wolfe Studio and becoming regionalist artists interested in depicting Mississippi. Inspired by European Masters, Impressionists, and Post-Impressionists, she mostly painted landscapes in oil or watercolor.
6.- Boubacar Joseph Ndiaye
Boubacar Joseph Ndiaye was the curator of the House of Slaves landmark in Senegal for forty years, an important landmark that saw visits from Pope John Paul II, U.S. President Bill Clinton, and former South African President Nelson Mandela, among other dignitaries and celebrities. Ndiaye had two wives and seven children.
2.- Howard Kanovitz
Howard Kanovitz was a pioneering painter in the Photo Realism style, which emerged in the 1960s in response to the abstract art movement. His early paintings were in the Abstract Impressionist style, following the likes of Franz Kline, Kanovitz's teacher, and Jackson Pollock. In the early 1960s, he left the movement.
2.- Ezzat Negahban
Ezatollah Negahban was an Iranian archaeologist known as the father of Iranian modern archaeology.
1.- Charles W. Akers
Charles Wesley Akers was an historian, author, and educator.
31.- Joanna Wiszniewicz
Joanna Wiszniewicz was a Polish academic and historian.
30.- Sune Jonsson
Olov Sune Jonsson was a Swedish documentary photographer and writer. In addition to his photographic work, Jonsson was a skilled documentary film maker.
29.- René Berger
René Berger was a Swiss writer, philosopher and a historian of art.
29.- George Holmes
George Arthur Holmes FBA was Chichele Professor of Medieval History at the University of Oxford, and a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, 1989-94.
28.- John Patrick Diggins
John Patrick Diggins was a professor of history at the City University of New York Graduate Center, the author of more than a dozen books on widely variant subjects in American intellectual history, and one of the leading scholars in his field.
28.- Vasilij Melik
Vasilij Melik was a Slovenian historian, who mostly worked on political history of the Slovene Lands in the 19th century.
25.- Hiroshi Oguchi
Hiroshi Oguchi was a high profile Tokyo based conceptual artist, musician and scene maker, Hiroshi Oguchi has for decades been influential in the changing attitudes of Japan's youth. As a drummer he has been in the bands The Tempters, Pyg and Vodka Collins, recording many albums. He also owned and ran his own fashion company Practice of Silence. Oguchi has also been an actor in a number of films, including Shōgun, Strange Circus (2006), and Silk (2007). He was married to the popular actress Kimie Shingyoji. They have one son, Gento Oguchi, who is a musician and an artist.
24.- Olga Raggio
Olga Raggio was an art historian and curator who worked with the Metropolitan Museum of Art for over 60 years, organizing some of its most famous exhibitions.
23.- Anna Radziwiłł
Anna Radziwiłł was a Polish historian, educator, and politician. She was a former member of the Solidarity movement and a Minister of Education.
16.- Judith Hoffberg
Judith Hoffberg was a librarian, archivist, lecturer, a curator and art writer, and editor and publisher of Umbrella, a newsletter on artists' books, mail art, and Fluxus art. She received a B.A. in Political Science from UCLA in 1956. She went on to get an M.A. in Italian Language and Literature in 1960 and an M.L.S. from the UCLA School of Library Service in June 1964. In 1973, she co-founded Art Libraries Society of North America (ARLIS). She served as the Society's first Chairman, editor of ARLIS/NA Newsletter from 1972 to 1977 and its Executive Secretary from 1974 to 1977.
16.- Andrew Wyeth
Andrew Newell Wyeth was a visual artist, primarily a realist painter, working predominantly in a regionalist style. He was one of the best-known U.S. artists of the middle 20th century and was sometimes referred to as the "Painter of the People," due to his work's popularity with the American public. In his art, Wyeth's favorite subjects were the land and people around him, both in his hometown of Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, and at his summer home in Cushing, Maine. One of the most well-known images in 20th-century American art is his painting, Christina's World, currently in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.
14.- Duan Damonja
Duan Damonja was a contemporary Croatian sculptor of Macedonian origin. Damonja's work shows a tendency towards technical and formative experiments, reducing form to the dynamic and intense shapes of symbolical meaning. This study of new forms led him to use new materials, especially steel and glass, in his sculptures. He was a recipient of numerous awards and is an academician with both Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts and Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. He lived near his three ateliers in Zagreb, Vrsar and Brussels.
14.- Jan Kaplický
Jan Kaplický was a world-renowned Czech architect who spent a significant part of his life in the United Kingdom. He was the leading architect behind the innovative design office, Future Systems. He was best known for the futuristic Selfridges Building in Birmingham, England, and the Media Centre at Lord's Cricket Ground in London. In February 2007, he won the international architectural competition for the new building of the National Library of the Czech Republic in Prague, a project that was subsequently cancelled.
13.- Richard Tyler
Richard Michael Townsend Tyler was an English architect who was notable for his restoration work on large private houses after the Second World War, which allowed families to own more manageable homes while remaining sympathetic to their original designs. Works by Tyler include the reconstruction to Forde Abbey in Dorset, Salisbury Cathedral, Levens Hall in Cumbria and Knebworth House in Hertfordshire.
11.- Shigeo Fukuda
Shigeo Fukuda was a sculptor, graphic artist and poster designer who created optical illusions. He was born in Tokyo. His art pieces usually portray deception, such as Lunch With a Helmet On, a sculpture created entirely from forks, knives, and spoons, that casts a detailed shadow of a motorcycle.
10.- Coosje van Bruggen
Coosje van Bruggen was a sculptor, art historian, and critic. Since the early 1980s Van Bruggen worked as an independent critic and curator. In 1982 she was member of the selection committee of the documenta 7 in Kassel. In 1988, her work along with Oldenburg Spoonbridge and Cherry was commissioned by the Walker Art Center, and became a permanent fixture of the Minneapolis Sculpture Garden as well as an iconic image of the city of Minneapolis. Van Bruggen published books about the early work of Oldenburg, the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao and the works of Bruce Nauman.
10.- Ray Yoshida
Raymond "Ray" Kakuo Yoshida was a Chicago artist known for his paintings and collages, and a teacher at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago from 1959 to 2005. He was an important mentor of the Chicago Imagists, a group in the 1960s and 1970s who specialized in distorted, emotional representational art. His paintings are strongly influenced by comics and his personal collection of folk art and found art. His collages are strongly graphic, placing "tiny, oddly shaped details of architecture, fabric, hairdos and other unidentifiable elements" in ordered rows of fragments and tiers. Critic Ken Johnson called his collages "formally captivating, dreamily strange and comically absurd." Both he and his work are referred to as enigmatic, mysterious, and witty. Yoshida's work was exhibited along with the Imagists at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago in 1969. From 1971 through the 1990s, his work was shown in the Phyllis Kind Gallery in Chicago and New York City. A retrospective of his art was exhibited in 1998 at The Contemporary Museum, Honolulu, the Chicago Cultural Center, and the Madison Art Center in Madison, Wisconsin. His last solo exhibition was in 1999 at the Adam Baumgold Gallery in New York. Ray Yoshida's works can be found in the collections of the Art Institute of Chicago, the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago and the National Museum of American Art in Washington.
9.- Ljubica Sokić
Ljubica Cuca Sokić was a Serbian painter. She presented her works independently for the first time in 1939 in Belgrade pavilion ″Cvijeta Zuzorić". She was one of the founders of the art group "Desetorica" ("The Ten"). She was a professor at the Academy of Visual Arts in Belgrade between 1948 and 1972. In 1968 she became a corresponding member of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, and from 1978 Academician. Besides painting, she created illustrations for children's books and magazines. She also worked in cinematography. Her paintings are described as intimistic. At first she painted still life, landscapes, figures and portraits. Later she was moving towards simplifying forms, geometry and moderate abstraction. At times she used collage and experimental materials techniques.
7.- J. D. H. Catleugh
J D H Catleugh was an abstract artist whose "career" as an artist, mainly started in the 1950s.
4.- Jon Latimer
Jon Latimer was an historian and writer based in Wales.
2.- Leonard Andrews
Leonard Edward Bryant Andrews was an American publisher and art collector best known for his purchase of some 240 previously unknown Andrew Wyeth works of a woman known as Helga, including several nudes. He established the National Arts Program in 1983 which helps highlight and present American artists.
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