The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Wednesday, December 17, 2014


Metropolitan Museum of Art Features Exhibition of Jain Manuscript Painting
At the heart of daily Jain religious practice is the veneration of the image of the jina, the conceptual basis of which is the pan-Indian ideal of the yogic ascetic.
NEW YORK, NY.- Jainism is the least well known of India’s traditional religions, yet its ancestry predates Buddhism and it rivals Hinduism in its claim to be India’s oldest continuously practiced faith. Its historical founder, Mahavira (ca. 540–468 b.c.), was a near contemporary of the Buddha Shakyamuni. Mahavira is understood as the most recent of the twenty-four tirthankaras (ford crossers), also known as jinas (victorious conquerors)—those who have conquered passions in order to attain perfect wisdom (siddha) and spiritual liberation (moksha). Jainism centers on the veneration of the jinas as role models rather than gods.

At the heart of daily Jain religious practice is the veneration of the image of the jina, the conceptual basis of which is the pan-Indian ideal of the yogic ascetic. This ancient practice, celebrated in the Vedas, equates the acquisition of spiritual wisdom with the pursuit of advanced forms of meditation, austerities, and a withdrawal from material comforts. Perhaps as early as the fourth century b.c. Jainism split into two sects: the Digambara (sky clad), whose vows of total renunciation demanded that those who choose monkhood go naked in the world (nuns are excused for their personal safety); and the Svetambara (white clad), whose monks and nuns wear white robes. Both claim direct descent from the disciples of Mahavira.

Central to all Jains is a commitment to the doctrine of ahimsa, or nonviolence to all living creatures and life forms. Historically, Jains have thus gravitated into nonmartial professions, such as commerce and banking. They have generously patronized their religion, supporting lavishly decorated temples and monastic centers of learning. The commissioning of icons and books was a central merit-earning activity. Major centers of Jain manuscript production were Patan and Ahmedabad in Gujarat and, for the Digambara sect, the Deccan, especially Sravana Belgola and Mudbidri. The two most popular texts were the Kalpasutra (Book of Ritual), biographies of the four most revered jinas, and the Kalakacharyakatha (Story of Kalaka), an influential moralizing work frequently appended to the Kalpasutra.

The art of the book in medieval India is closely associated with Jainism. Illustrated palm-leaf manuscripts survive from about the tenth century; those on paper appear after the twelfth, when paper was introduced from Iran. By the end of the fourteenth century, deluxe manuscripts were produced exclusively on paper, brilliantly adorned with gold, silver, crimson, and a rich ultramarine derived from imported lapis lazuli.





Today's News

September 12, 2009

Günter Grass House Celebrates the 50th Anniversary of the Tin Drum with an Exhibition

Ellerbe Becket and SHoP Architects will Collaborate on the Design of the Barclays Center

Sotheby's to Sell Property from the Collection of Mary Schiller Myers and Louis S. Myers

$1 Million Reward: Major Andy Warhol Burglary at Richard L. Weisman's Home

Portrait of Alan Turing Proves Popular Draw at Exhibition as Apology Comes from Gordon Brown

Intimate Aspects of Bill Viola's Films Given Optimal Consideration at De Pont Museum Exhibition

Metropolitan Museum of Art Features Exhibition of Jain Manuscript Painting

Exhibition Presents the Many Aspects of Spectacle Captured by Photographers

Titian's Diana and Acteaon on Display at the National Gallery

Sotheby's to Hold Contemporary Asian Art Autumn Sale on October 6

Kunsthaus Zürich Wins Award for Communication of its Extension Project

ShContemporary Opened After Much Anticipation in the Spectacular Shanghai Exhibition Centre

Fleisher Art Memorial Announces the 2009-2010 Wind Challenge Exhibition Series

Spectacular Furnishings of Time Lord's Chelsea Home for Sale at Bonhams

Exhibition Concentrates on Three Major Print Series Created by Robert Rauschenberg

Museum of Latin American Art will Host Auction of Latin American Art

Arts Council England Recruiting 150 Artistic Assessors

Smithsonian's Anacostia Community Museum Benefit Luncheon Features Johnnetta Cole as Keynote Speaker

International Group Exhibition 'Lunar Distance' in De Hallen Haarlem

"Brian Jungen: Strange Comfort" to Open at the National Museum of the American Indian in October

Channel 4 and The Saatchi Gallery Announce this Year's New Sensations Exhibition for UK Art Students Graduating in 2009

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- 'Stuart Little' helps lost Hungarian painting come home after nine decades

2.- 23,000 year-old limestone statuette of a woman found by archaeologists in France

3.- 42-year-old Russian tourist fined 20,000 euros for defacing Rome's Colosseum

4.- Archaeologists find ancient coins in enormous tomb at Amphipolis in northern Greece

5.- World's richest resource of Japanese stencils for dyeing samurai kimonos rediscovered

6.- Khan Academy to carry extensive content created by Met Museum based on its world-renowned collection

7.- The Weston Cast Court: Victoria & Albert Museum opens refurbished Italian Cast Court

8.- Six final concept designs for Guggenheim Helsinki Design Competition unveiled

9.- France returns 250 illegally imported antiquities seized by customs officials to Egypt

10.- Exhibition at the Prado Museum explores Goya's extraordinary series of tapestry cartoons



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site