The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Friday, September 20, 2019

From the Depot: Design From the Fifties and Sixties at Design Museum in Gent
"The Butterfly" Chair, Designer: Arne Jacobsen (DK), Manufacturer: Fritz Hansen (DK) 1951-1952. Steel, textile or leather © Design museum Gent

GENT.- Design from the first decades following WW II is garnering great public interest. Commemoration exhibitions on Expo 58, the Brussels world fair, are abound. Before 1975, Design museum Gent did not possess any collection from the post-war period. Moreover, the museum was closed between 1958 and 1973. Thanks to interesting acquisitions and countless donations the museum can now pride itself on a valuable collection of design from the 50s and 60s. Due to lack of exhibition space, this collection has been temporarily stored away in the museum reserves. The collection is now brought out for this temporary exhibition.

1951 until 1960
Mass-produced articles for an economic revival
In the post-war period, Europe nurtured a great desire for security and a regulated life. The economy very quickly recovered mainly thanks to financial and material aid from the USA. In Europe, the USA also set the pace in the field of progress and fashion. Cars, refrigerators, television sets, washing machines and record players all fell within everyone’s budget and captured family life and leisure time. The results of research conducted during the war in the field of synthetic materials were now being used for civil purposes and used in everyday products such as nylon stockings, Tupperware products and seating. Synthetic materials such as polyester or polyamide were easy to colour, weighed little, were suitable for the replacement or imitation of other materials, and consequently were ideal for the industrial production of cheap consumer goods. Quickly altering fashion trends and the advent of disposable products went hand in hand with the rise of synthetic materials and created new challenges for the designer.

Innovative North-American furniture design was fuelled by a fruitful competition between the companies Hermann Miller and Knoll. While Hermann Miller cooperated with Charles Eames and George Nelson, Knoll released designs by Eero Saarinen and Harry Bertoia. Almost simultaneously Eames and Bertoia designed the first seating furniture of which the seating surface was composed of metal braiding. This collage-esque combination of contrasting elements was a reference to contemporary art, where Joan Miró, Alexander Calder or Jean Arp represented comparable trends.

In 1956, Italy saw the foundation of the first professional association for industrial design, the Associazione per il Designo Industriale (ADI). Pioneers such as Achille Castiglioni, Ettore Sottsass or Giò Ponti laid the foundations for the worldwide renown lavished upon Italian design, which was the pinnacle of creative, fanciful approach to design problems. Besides Italian designs, Scandinavian design was also coming to the fore. In simple and high-end furniture, designers such as Arne Jacobsen or Hans Wegner gave new meaning to the long-standing Scandinavian tradition of woodwork, and in this way they distinguished themselves from the numerous hectic and eclectic designs of the time. In Germany, a movement arose from the design academy which was founded in 1955 in Ulm; a movement which adhered to the strictly nationalist attitude laid out by Bauhaus. In cooperation with the Braun firm, the representatives of this movement also developed a so-called Corporate Identity, which was to comprise not only the product range, but also all aspects of a company, therefore including printing, showrooms and advertisement campaigns.

The following themes are treated:

The Americans and the legacy of war

Italian rationalists and international modernism: Ponti, Magistretti, Bellini, Castiglione

Jean Prouvé, a traditional modernist

The (American) consumer society

Willy Van der Meeren: a phenomenon of his own

Design icons from Scandinavia

Belgians in the footsteps of Danes and Finns

Early designs by Pieter De Bruyne and Emiel Veranneman

1961 until 1970
Consumption and protest
The boom in the field of industry and trade echoed into the beginning of the 60s. Some European countries even saw a shortage of manpower calling for immigrant workers from southern Europe. The western industrial nations reached a stage of saturation as the majority of households had disposal of the main technical appliances. Still, demand was maintained by means of advertisements and products with limited life spans. Content and motives of consumer society became the object of art. While the representatives of Pop Art depicted food cans and advertisement symbols, and in doing so questioned the opposition between art and rivalry, pop bands such as the Beatles were hailed as idols by affluent adolescents. The initial successes in the field of space exploration conjured up visions of space travel, which were projected in film and fashion, but also in furniture designs.

While growing criticism of the prevailing society reached its apex in student uprisings and the hippie movement, a change in furniture design became apparent as early as the beginning of the 60s. Besides a shift of ideas, the cause for this change was mainly due to the growing technical and design possibilities designers enjoyed.

While some designers continued to strive for the exploitation of the economic advantages of synthetic materials, others also acknowledged the material’s creative possibilities. The possibility to shape and colour synthetic materials almost at leisure led to a trend of organically rounded, transitionless shapes which seemed to be one-piece. Dane Verner Panton was the first to succeed in creating a design for a chair which was shaped from a single piece of synthetic material. Among the most influential individuals was Joe Colombo who designed innovative mass-produced items with individual and consistent design and futuristic space themes.

As of 1965, groups such as Studio 65 created a sensation with utopian architectural designs, experimental furniture designs and happenings. They wished to offer alternatives to strictly partitioned and determined spaces, alternatives to rationalist, right-angled architecture and furniture which limited and isolated the user. The communal living concept found its counterpart in colourful living landscapes which were composed of organically shaped upholstery elements and which sought to avoid inter-human demarcation. Sculptural and remarkable furniture pieces were fashioned out of polyurethane foam, which allowed for free, soft shapes to be made, and which was stable even without a supporting structure. The first inflatable furniture also turned heads by virtue of their humorous and novel aspects, and were attractive because of the unity of material and structure.

At the same time came the advent of postmodernism, of which American architect Robert Venturi laid out the basic tenets in the 1966 publication “Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture”. Instead of consistently striving for innovation, a common feature in any modern movement, Venturi propagated eclecticism, which consciously treated available styles and traditions.

A number of featured themes:

Pop Culture – Pop Style

Space age

Design and Anti-design

Jules Wabbes: a Belgian outsider

Artists and design: Michel Seuphor, Marc Mendelson, Herman Lampaert, Octave Landuyt

Today's News

August 6, 2008

Getty Museum Debuts First Major Exhibition of Portrait Busts by Gian Lorenzo Bernini

Sotheby's Returns to Chatsworth with an Exhibition of Modern and Contemporary Sculpture

Victoria and Albert Museum in London Opens Fashion V Sport

Metropolitan Museum of Art Loans Sculptures to The University of Texas at Austin for Public Art Project

Work of Czech Studio Glass Master Frantisek Vízner to be Surveyed at The Corning Museum of Glass

Frida Kahlo: Through the Lens of Nickolas Muray at Palm Springs Art Museum

The Cleveland Museum of Art Organizes Exhibition of African Figure Sculptures

From the Depot: Design From the Fifties and Sixties at Design Museum in Gent

James L. Miller Retires after 24 Years as Atkins Museum Trustee

Reno Artists Strut Their Stuff at DIY Festival in Nevada

InterContinental Chicago O'Hare Names Editions Limited Curator of Its Exclusive Museo Art Gallery

National Geographic Books Creates New Imprint Dedicated to Fine Photography

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- Holocaust 'masterpiece' causes uproar at Venice film festival

2.- To be unveiled at Sotheby's: One of the greatest collections of Orientalist paintings ever assembled

3.- Bender Gallery features paintings by up and coming Chicago artist Michael Hedges

4.- Lévy Gorvy exhibits new and historic works by French master in his centenary year

5.- Artificial Intelligence as good as Mahler? Austrian orchestra performs symphony with twist

6.- Fascinating new exhibition explores enduring artistic bond between Scotland and Italy

7.- Exhibition explores the process of Japanese-style woodblock production

8.- Robert Frank, photographer of America's underbelly, dead at 94

9.- The truth behind the legend of patriot Paul Revere revealed in a new exhibition at New-York Historical Society

10.- Hitler bust found in cellar of French Senate

Related Stories

Important Judaica and Israeli & international art bring a combined $7.9 million at Sotheby's New York

Tunisia to auction ousted despot's treasures

Andy Warhol's Mao portraits excluded from the Beijing and Shanghai shows next year

China criticises French Qing dynasty seal auction

Christie's announces auction marking the first half century of the popular and luxurious interiors shop Guinevere

Nine new exhibits debut at San Diego International Airport

Rembrandt masterpiece "Portrait of Catrina Hooghsaet" back on display at National Museum Cardiff

Amber: 40-million-year-old fossilised tree resin is Baltic gold

Egyptian artist Iman Issa wins the Ist FHN Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona Award

The main chapel of the Basilica of Santa Croce open for visits after five year restoration

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
(1941 - 2019)
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful