HONG KONG.- Christies, the worlds leading art business, will present a two-day series of sales devoted to Asian Contemporary Art on May 24 -25 in Hong Kong, opening with the first-ever Evening Sale for the category.
This sale falls on the heels of Christies record-breaking sale of Asian Contemporary Art in November 2007 and will offer unrivalled examples from leading Contemporary Art masters from China, Japan, Korea, India and throughout Asia, including works from artists such as Zeng Fanzhi, Yue Minjun, Zhang Xiaogang, Wang Guangyi, Hong Kyoung Tack, Kim Tschang Yeul, Yoyoi Kusama, Aida Makoto, Yasuyuki Nishio, and Hisashi Tenmyouya. Offering 417 works across two important days of sales, this is the largest and most valuable offer of Asian Contemporary Art ever presented.
Chinese Contemporary Art
Chinese contemporary artists display a myriad range of styles. Yue Minjuns work, with its vivid imagery and unique stylistic features, occupies a very special position in Contemporary Chinese art.
Standing as the pioneer extraordinaire of the Cynical Realism art movement, Yue Minjun is a cynic with a distinctively positive response to adversity: laughter. The now iconic grins that adorn the art of Yue Minjun often self-portraits of the artist have become synonymous with a mocking ridicule of contemporary society. Beyond the mockery and jokes, however, there lies a profound conviction; if one peels beneath the narcissistic layers, Yue Minjuns artwork is steeped in history, religion, culture and Eastern philosophy. This season, Christies is proud to present collectors with several important works from the artist.
Gweong-Gweong marks one of the most ground-breaking works from Yue Minjun and is largely considered to be one of his best early works. Gweong Gweong references the Chinese language sound effects for jets, seen here dropping their cargo as they rise over Tiananmen Square. Chinas Gate of Heavenly Peace is the backdrop for this scene, with a small yet striking image of Mao. Hundreds of uniformed cheerleaders are seen rushing the gates in joyous unison. High above, the jets are not dropping bombs, but the repeated images of Yue Minjuns grinning self-image, seemingly unaware of their freefall. Despite the sardonic edge to this work, the overall impact is giddy even celebratory. As such, Yue provides insights into the psychological ambiguities and strains felt by his generation, one in which soldiers are sent to fight wars they don't fully understand and citizens are forced to adopt superficially sunny dispositions whatever their circumstances. With an overt and powerful political message very rarely seen in Yue Minjuns work, Gweong-Gweong stands among the most significant works from the artist
to come to auction.
Great Solidarity was created in 1992, a critical year for Yue Minjun as an artist . During the early nineties, societal changes forced Yue to move beyond his past successes and to comment on these changes directly through his artwork. With this work, Yue began to narrate personal experiences as he had not done in the past, and in doing so, established his trademark style of rows of repeated figures of his image, a theme he experimented with as a means to express tension and power or more often, a lack of power. Big Swans (estimate: HK$ 10,000,000 15,000,000 / US$ 1,282,100 1,923,100), painted in 2003, is the most recent work by Yue Minjun offered in Christies Evening Sale of Asian Contemporary Art. An immediate striking feature of this artwork is the layout of the composition whereby Yue segregates his two groups - flying swans on the one side and a row of his replicating self on the other, both apparently sneering at the ludicrous aspects of the other. The four images of Yue snigger whilst pointing their fingers towards the swans in the childish way of imitating a gun. Lost tradition, nostalgia, aggression and Eastern symbolism are all bound within the inspirations of classical Chinese painting.
For many Chinese artists of the early avant-garde generation, the energy with which China has propelled itself into the 21st century is a common theme. Zeng Fanzhis interpretation of this unique social climate can best be seen in his famed Mask series. The series marked a turning point in his career where his conflicting emotions such as humour and anxiety commingle to reveal the extremes of the new urban life of 20th century China. Leading the Evening Sale of Asian Contemporary Art is his monumental Mask Series 1996 No.6 (estimate: HK$15-25 million/ US$1,923,100 -3,205,100 ) announced earlier this year. This work is a rare example from the artist in that it depicts multiple figures incorporated into one composition, and is largely considered to mark the pinnacle in this celebrated series. Perceptibly part of an elite group, eight figures stand with arms linked in the apparently intimate poses of friends, wearing masks and the red bandanas of young patriots that serve as symbols of acceptance, contribution and belonging. But despite body language that suggests closeness, the eight are strangers to each other, reflecting the artists desire to reveal our exterior masks and subconscious feelings present in his version of daily life.
The juxtaposition of imagery of Communist propaganda and modern consumer brand logos creates the innovative platform of expression adopted by Wang Guangyi. As a humorous critique to the socio-political environment of China, Wang combines the paradoxical ideologies of socialism and consumerism by depicting images of idealism and materialism. In Criticism Series Ferrari , Wang toys with a car logo that is symbolic of wealth and luxury (estimate: HK$6,000,000 8,000,000/US$ 769,200 1,025,600). The numbers seen on all of the Criticism series reveal the thoughtful depth of the work: one number refers to a code required to create a body of work under the Communist regime, and the second to distribute it.
The aftermath of the cultural rebirth in China has propelled the name of Zhang Xiaogang to one of the leaders of Chinese contemporary painting. A member of the Southwest China Art Group, Zhang sought to reinvent Chinese painting by exploring Western techniques and traditions, and by taking a humanist and intuitive approach to his artistic compositions. Bloodline: Big Family Series and Bloodline: Mother and Son each present a most extraordinary and distinctive example of Zhangs famed portrait series. These works are portraits in the
traditional sense in that they are a representation of a likeness, but they are also subjective depictions of anindividuals unique, innocent spirit. Bloodline: Mother and Son (estimate: HK$ 10,000,000- 15,000,000 / US$ 1,282,100-1,923,100) is an immensely personal self-portrayal of the artist and his mother. Zhang was first taught to paint by his mother who, believing he would get into trouble if left un-stimulated, encouraged Zhang to sketch scenes inspired by his favourite comic books. The family portrayal of two siblings in Bloodline: Big Family Series (estimate: HK$12,000,000-15,000,000/ US$ 1,538,500-1,923,100) epitomizes the Big Family sector of the Bloodline series. Once again, the subjects betray an emotional turmoil beneath their poised exterior, as their eyes - whilst superficially expressionless - hold a powerful, watery stare. Zhang has often commented at the difficulty with which he renders the eyes of his subjects, commenting that it is by far the longest portion of his creative process.
The large-scale composition Brothers best exemplifies the documentary edge to Liu Xiaodongs still-life subjects, quietly capturing moments in the lives of anonymous figures surviving or trying to survive in circumstances not entirely within their control (estimate: HK$ 4,000,000 6,000,000 / US$512,800 769,200). Lius art does not focus on Chinas political climate explicitly despite the fact he emerged from the watershed Chinese Avant-Garde Exhibition held in the National Art Gallery in the spring of 1989, an historic exhibition that signalled the official recognition of the diverse regional artistic movements that had thrived in China in the 1980s. Rather, Lius paintings exemplify a neo-realist style, disregarding the romantic and the idealistic, and instead focusing on the psychological nature of his subjects captured in candid, intimate moments. Among the leading examples in the Asian Contemporary Art Day Sale is Fairy in the Valley 2 (estimate: HK$4,000,000 6,000,000 / US$512,800 769,200). Depicting a young boy resting on a rock, the seemingly dreamlike setting disguises its philosophical undertones: does the boy relax in a daydream, or is he so exhausted or numb he is about to slide into the depths of the water below? Such ambiguity is a recurrent theme to many of Lius works, with the very character of his subjects resting in the hands of the viewer to decide.
Japanese Contemporary Art
Japanese contemporary art embraces subcultures such as manga, anime, fantasy and technology of the post-war period as high art. Displaying an obsession with fantasy, these contemporary works address the fine balance between mass production, eroticism, science fiction, heritage and the identity of Japan as a nation. The market for Japanese Contemporary Art has seen an incredible explosion in interest as of late, growing threefold from a total of HK$12,522,000 in the Spring 2007 sale of AsianContemporary Art to HK$36,165,000 in the recent Fall 2007 sale. A total of 106 high caliber works of Japanese Contemporary Art will be offered this spring across the Evening and Day sales.
Aida Makoto stands as one of the most prominent figures in Japanese Contemporary art today and this season Christies is proud to present Monument for Nothing (estimate: HK$4,000,000 5,000,000 / US$512,800 641,000). Extremely grand in scale and measuring 6 meters in height, with this work Makoto has constructed an edifice to honour nothing, once again commenting on the emptiness of consumerism and nihilism. Here, the female protagonist appears heroic, carrying a sake barrel with ease on her shoulder. Though naked and standing before a scene of destruction, her muscular figure and gallant stance assert her indestructible power.
Yayoi Kusama, a key figure in the contemporary avant-garde movement in Japan, began creating work during the 1960s, showing great diversity and originality in conception, which greatly influenced conceptual art in the West during the 1970s and later. Perhaps her most unique contribution is her multimedia soft sculpture style of painting. Petal is very representative of Kusamas ideas about media (estimate: HK$ 2,500,000 3,500,000 / US$ 320,500 448,700). In response to the brilliant colour of this painting composed primarily of simple white and red spots, the viewers eye shifts between the flat spaces of painting and the three-dimensional spaces of sculpture. The work as a whole projects tremendous energy and tension while, in Eastern cultures, its brilliant reds and whites are strongly symbolic of absolute power and purity.
The development of animation has been intimately connected with contemporary art in Japan, exerting great influence in recent years. Hisashi Tenmyouyas RX-78-2 Kabuki-mono 2005 Version (estimate: HK$ 1,000,000 2,000,000 / US$ 128,000 256,400) is among the top Japanese Contemporary works offered in the Evening Sale, and melds traditional Japanese painting forms with images from animated cartoons. In Tenymouyas work the traditional culture of Japan has been absorbed and projected with a new, contemporary face. This major work is among the best representations of the artists work to date. In 2007 it was one of the very few works by contemporary artists chosen for inclusion in Japans travelling Gundam exhibition. Also of note from the artist is Football (estimate: HK$400,000 600,000 / US$513,000 769,000), one of the many Japanese contemporary art offerings presented in the Day Sale of Asian Contemporary Art.
Korean Contemporary Art
Artists from Korea are known for their exceptional technical abilities, a skill most clearly expressed in hyper-realism, and for their innovative experimentation with materials. Korea possesses a rich cultural history that has resulted in a unique approach to art that embraces revolutionary and contemporary practices while retaining a connection to traditional heritage. This market too as been experiencing growing interest from collectors throughout Asia and beyond, and this season, Christies is offering a series of the most cutting-edge works from the region.
Among the top lots is Hong Kyung Tacks Library II ( estimate: HK$2,000,000 4,000,000 / US$256,400 512,800), a dizzying work of flamboyant colors that upon closer inspection reveals the artists contemplation on religion and pop culture. His technical proficiency and shrewd dexterity in painting enables him to create an almost synthetic surface to the work. Religious icons, including an image of the Crucifixion of Jesus, white doves, and countless colorful books, amass to create a shrine that toes the line between kitschy arrangement and religions devotion.
From Chun Kwang Young comes Aggregation 06-AP016 ( estimate: HK$800,000 1,200,000 / US$102,600 153,800), a work that shows the artists impressive attentiveness to the technical process. Inspired by the Korean Monochramatic Art movement that formed in the late 1970s and early 1980s, Chun deftly creates an intriguing texturing of the plane with minute assemblages of tightly woven mulberry paper into an abstract composition. The use of mulberry paper was a conscious one on the part of the artist: its extreme durability has made it an essential material in daily and cultural life in Korea. The works dynamic texture is saturated in monochrome, creating a sculptural landscape that though cutting-edge consciously integrates traditional elements of Korean culture.
Indian Contemporary Art
Contemporary Indian art is at once autobiographical and at times phantasmagorical, yet an overriding theme to their distinctive style is the addressing of national and philosophical concerns: social reality, traditional gender roles, empowerment and relationships. The Indian modern and contemporary art category has also grown exponentially. Increasing global demand is seen in every one of Christies sales in New York, London and Hong Kong. Since launching Modern and Contemporary Indian Art sales in New York 2000, worldwide sales in this category at Christies have grown from US$656,000 to US$36 million in 2007.
Among the highlights is Jitish Kallats Rickshawpolis 9 , a cacophonous rendition of the artists urban environment in Mumbai, which is meant to convey pure sensory overload (estimate: HK$ 500,000 700,000 / US$ 64,100-89,700). The rickshaw in Kallats title symbolizes the old India. Though in the new 21st-century order, with a rapidly changing India marked by rampant consumerism, environmental decay and over-crowding, these ubiquitous vehicles compete with buses, trucks, people, cows and cars in an ever-growing swell of traffic. The exhaust fumes, the congestion, the daily bumps and accidents render urban life dysfunctional, even as the population swells with more arrivals from the countryside. The painting Rickshawpolis 9 is mounted on bronze sculptures, re-creations of gargoyles from Mumbais Victoria Terminus train station. These humorous gargoyles symbolize the bystander or the artist himself, a daily witness to this constant clamor of the streets of Mumbai.