The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Sunday, May 27, 2018

Chinese New Realism and Avant-garde in the Eighties and Nineties at the Groningen Museum
Chen Yanning. Chairman Mao Inspects the Guangdong Countryside.

GRONINGEN.-The Groningen Museum presents the exhibit Writing on the Wall, Chinese New Realism and Avant-garde in the eighties and nineties through October 26. Gradually taking shape after the death of Mao Zedong (1976) and the subsequent winding-down of the Cultural Revolution, the Chinese Realists and Avant-garde from the eighties and nineties formed the start of modern art in China. A knowledge of the Chinese Avant-garde is crucial in order to understand the present-day world of art in China.

After 1976, the painters who had been trained to produce social-realistic propaganda art for the benefit of the Communist Party during the Cultural Revolution seized the opportunity to give more relevant content to the realistic style of their work, presenting a critical reflection on the previous period and displaying the spirit of the new era (so-called ‘Scar painting’ and ‘Rustic painting’). Important representatives in this development were Luo Zhongli, Chen Danqing, Ai Xuan, He Duoling.

In addition, countless Avant-garde artistic movements and groups appeared which, inspired by Western theories and movements, took a completely different path. They began to experiment with all possible materials and forms to articulate their ideas. This work contained mainly critical, ironic or sarcastic observations about the ruling regime, and was scarcely tolerated. The most prominent group within this movement was undoubtedly the ‘Stars group’, whose most important representatives were Wang Kepin, Huan Rui, Ma Desheng, and Ai Weiwei. The many artists’ groups from the early eighties formed the breeding ground for the ‘New Wave’ or ’85-Movement’ which arose in the mid-eighties.

However, many currently internationally renowned artists had to flee the country under pressure from the regime, after which only a few returned to inspire a new generation (such as Ai Weiwei for example). The ‘New Wave’ ended with the dramatic exhibition entitled China Avant-garde in the National Gallery of Art in Beijing in 1989.

In the nineties, despite the repression, a new generation took the opportunity to present its view on the furious economic and social developments taking place in the country. Three broad movements can be distinguished: Cynical Realism, Political Pop, and Kitsch Art. Furthermore, Performance Art has also become an important means of expressing aspects such as physical ordeal and personal identity, both as a comment and as a provocative statement directed toward the ruling regime. The exhibition will present an overview of this development by means of video and photography.

This is the first time that attention will be devoted within a single exhibition to both Chinese New Realism and Avant-garde art of the eighties and nineties. Much of the work on display has never been shown outside China, or even shown since the early eighties.

The exhibition presents work by: Ai Xuan, Chen Danqing, Chen Yanning, Ding Yi, Fang Lijun, Gao Xiaohua, Geng Jianyi, He Duoling, Huang Rui, Liu Wei, Liu Xiaodong, Ma Desheng, Wang Guangyi, Wang Jinsong, Wang Keping, Wen Pulin, Wenda Gu, Xu Bing, Yang Shaobin, Yu Youhan, Yue Minyun, Zhang Peili, Zhang Xiaogang, Zeng Fanzhi, Zhang Dali.

Today's News

April 15, 2008

El Greco to Velazquez: Art during the Reign of Philip III at The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Competition of Design Proposals at the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest

Chinese New Realism and Avant-garde in the Eighties and Nineties at the Groningen Museum

Kimbell Art Museum announced the Acquisition of a Major Painting by Jacques de Gheyn II

Kunsthal Rotterdam Presents World of Mysterious Beauty by Marcel van der Vlugt

The Sunken Treasures of Egypt to open at The Antiguo Matadero de Legazpi in Madrid

Marcel Odenbach Presents Caught While Escaping at the Kunsthalle in Bremen

Russian Contemporary Art to be featured at the Moscow World Fine Art Fair

Marilyn Monroe Sex Tape sold for $1.5 Million to New York Businessman

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- New Rembrandt found after being bought at London auction

2.- Exhibition at Fotohof focuses on groups in society who are at risk of marginalisation

3.- John Brennan collection of Rock n Roll memorabilia offered at RR Auction

4.- A Bob Dylan guitar fetches $495,000 at auction

5.- Exhibition in San Francisco focuses on the latter half of René Magritte's career

6.- 'Mad' king Ludwig II of Bavaria lost gift to composer Richard Wagner gets rare show

7.- New Royal Academy of Arts opens in celebration of its 250th anniversary

8.- Researchers uncover Anne Frank's 'dirty jokes'in her diary

9.- New York art sales near $3 billion in two weeks as uber-rich hunt trophies

10.- Berlin's Ethnological Museum returns grave-plundered artefacts to Alaska

Related Stories

Important Judaica and Israeli & international art bring a combined $7.9 million at Sotheby's New York

Tunisia to auction ousted despot's treasures

Andy Warhol's Mao portraits excluded from the Beijing and Shanghai shows next year

China criticises French Qing dynasty seal auction

Christie's announces auction marking the first half century of the popular and luxurious interiors shop Guinevere

Nine new exhibits debut at San Diego International Airport

Rembrandt masterpiece "Portrait of Catrina Hooghsaet" back on display at National Museum Cardiff

Amber: 40-million-year-old fossilised tree resin is Baltic gold

Egyptian artist Iman Issa wins the Ist FHN Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona Award

The main chapel of the Basilica of Santa Croce open for visits after five year restoration

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful