KANSAS CITY, MO.-
From the earliest history of armed conflict soldiers have done their duty and returned to their homes and families. In the aftermath of World War I, millions of servicemen and women came home from a war that was unprecedented in its impact on those who experienced it. For some who served, the wars impact on their bodies and minds lasted a lifetime.
Beyond the dockside homecomings and the main street parades, what was the returning veterans experience in being a civvie again? Were they able to make this transition smoothly? Return to work or school and get on with their former life? Or, did they find it difficult and require help?
Were HomeNow What? examines the challenging transition for service personnel from war-time duty to civilian life through archival materials such as soldier-issued pamphlets, posters and more.
The U.S. military grew from less than 150,000 personnel before entering World War I in 1917 to nearly 5 million by the time the war ended in 1918, said Jonathan Casey, Director of Archives and the Edward Jones Research Center at the National WWI Museum and Memorial
. The vast majority of service members returned to civilian life after the war, which was both a massive and complex transition. This exhibition gives insight into that process and what it was like for military personnel to re-enter the civilian community.
The U.S. government offered financial, vocational and social resources to the nearly 5 million servicemen and women who began demobilizing in 1919 after nearly half served overseas in the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF). Finding a job was the first thing on the minds of most veterans, so the government encouraged businesses to hire them.
An article in the April 4, 1919 issue of The Stars and Stripes describes the plan of the American Expeditionary Forces Department of Citizenship to hold forums to address three subjects of importance for U.S. Army officials: Home, Health and The Workshop.
Servicemen were given an opportunity to ask questions about when they could expect to be sent home and discharged, the prospects for finding a job, how to maintain good health and sanitary practices for themselves and their communities and how to be aware of the influence of socialism in the workplace.
The exhibition highlights a collection of posters commissioned by the U.S. Army, General Staffs Morale Section. All but one poster were created by Gordon Grant, an Army captain and illustrator during World War I. These posters communicate messages about how an honorably discharged serviceman can make a positive impact on their community through appearance and conduct. The posters are essentially an instructional tool, conveying an image of a model former serviceman who uses the discipline, can-do attitude and leadership skills, developed while in the service.
Disabled veterans, who had been coming home since U.S. forces began active combat in late 1917, were offered physical and occupational rehabilitation through the Vocational Education Bureau. Veterans were also encouraged to maintain their War Risk Insurancelife and disability insurance they were required to purchase in the service that later helped them financially after the transition to civilians as a peace risk insurance.
After serving their country overseas and making a difference in the outcome of the first global conflict in human history, the veteran was now asked to make a difference on a much smaller scalein their hometown.
Were HomeNow What? is open in the Ellis Gallery from Tuesday, March 12 through Sept. 8, 2019 and is included with general admission to the Museum and Memorial.