This November, the Institute of Contemporary Art, Miami
mounts a focused survey of work by pioneering American artist Larry Bell, marking the artists first major museum exhibition in over four decades. Spanning three pivotal decades for the artist and the development of contemporary sculpture, Larry Bell: Time Machines illuminates the ways in which the artist has been both a pioneering force and distinct voice in minimalism and contemporary art. Bringing together a wide range of media including seminal and large-scale sculpture, photography, and rarely-seen immersive architectural installations the exhibition traces the evolution of Bells innovative use of technology, space, and light to push the boundaries of perception and contribute a distinct perspective to art of the post-war period.
A critical focus of ICA Miamis exhibitions program is to expand the understanding and appreciation of contemporary art through re-examinations of historical works and artists whose work compels renewed attention, said ICA Miamis Artistic Director Alex Gartenfeld. The scope of Larry Bells experimentations with early technology in the post-war period have been underexplored. With this exhibition, we are especially proud to reprise important installations not seen in decades and photography that has rarely been on view for the public, as well as trace the significant ways that Bells work relates to developments in modern technology.
One of the most significant artists of his generation, Larry Bell (b. 1939, Chicago) is an important representative of a West Coast minimalism that uses commercial and industrial materials and forms to create intense sensorial experiences. Best known for minimalist sculpturestransparent cubes and sprawling glass installations that thrive on the interplay of shape, light, and environmentBell is considered a champion of the ideas of the Light and Space Movement of the 1960s. For decades, Bell has explored the new materials and modes of production developed by the military. His work during and after this period also reflects an interest in the scientific and technological experimentation taking place in Southern California.
Curated by Gartenfeld and Gean Moreno, ICA Miamis Curator of Programs, Larry Bell: Time Machines considers Bells interpretation of these profound changes to human experience through his later furniture, sculptural, and architectural works. Anchoring the survey are three immersive light installations not seen since their original iterations:
· Black Room (1970), exhibited to the public for the first and only time at MoMA over forty years ago, invites viewers to enter a pitch-dark room in which the only visible light is horizon. Exploiting the curvature of light waves and pulsation, the line recedes as the view comes closer to it. In the process, Bell places perception and its limitations as the subject of critical reflection.
· Leaning Room (1986-87), not exhibited since it was last built at LA MoCA in 1986, is an architectural space in which the walls are pitched at a disorientating five-degree angle. Suffused with manipulated reflections, the work makes light appear as a tangible, viscous substance.
· Hydrolux (1986) will be restored in full for the first time in almost thirty years. A complex fountain with live video projects, the work skews perception and critically invokes the viewer. As Bells only water-based sculpture that was executed beyond the model stage, Hydrolux demonstrates Bells constant inquiry into innovation, audience engagement, the surreal, and the sublime.
The exhibition additionally examines Bells engagement with architecture and design, which is exemplified by the exhibitions eponymous work, Time Machine. The interactive installation invites two participants to sit facing each other, separated by coated glass, on which their faces are then transposed. Bells integration of minimalist principles with architecture is also evident in The Cat, a rarely-exhibited work comprised of twelve glass panels.
Though Larry Bell is one of the most important and pioneering figures in minimalism, his approach is also deeply individual and distinct within the movement, said Gean Moreno, ICA Miamis Curator of Programs. Time Machines highlights key works that illustrate his singular contributions and the ways in which his practice has always been embedded in his cultural and social surroundings, both locally and globally, physically, and theoretically.
Larry Bell: Time Machines will be accompanied by a 200-page catalogue, co-published by ICA Miami and DelMonico/Prestel the first publication on Larry Bell generated by an American museum in two decades. The publication will include new scholarly essays by Juli Carson, Jan Tumlir, and the curators. Alongside photography of exhibited works, it will include images and archival materials related to the three site-specific works reconstructed for the exhibition.