On Wednesday 25 April, auction house Tessier Sarrou & Associates
will dedicate a sale to the iconic liner. Photographs, flyers, documents and archives will take visitors through the short but brilliant path of the Normandie.
The audacious project of combining speed and grandeur began in the late 1920s when the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique planned to connect two continents, giving birth to the Normandie. Its hull, named T6, was built on Penhoëts construction site in Saint-Nazaire (France), in early 1931.
The liner is finished four years later, and its extraordinary destiny can begin. On the eve of the departure in May 1935, an inaugural soirée is held aboard, welcoming no less than a thousand people, including French President Lebrun.
Its first journey to New-York included important passengers like the Presidents wife, also the godmother of the boat, Margueritte Lebrun, writers Colette and Blaise Cendrars, actress Valentine Tessier, several Ministers and Senators, two members of the French Académie and Kapurthalas Maharajah. With an average speed of 29,94 knots, the Normandie is the quickest liner to cross the Atlantic and is rewarded by the Transatlantic Navigation Companies with the Ruban Bleu, a very sought-after prize created in the 19th century.
The declaration of war in 1939 leads to the Normandie being immobilised in New Yorks harbour. As the United Stated is about to take part in the war in April 1941, the Congress votes the use of the liner for transporting troops. Important work is undertaken to equip the boat and to welcome 16,000 men aboard. All the furniture and décor is removed, except for the theatre, religious places and two luxurious apartments that are kept for commanding officers. The former Normandie is renamed USS Lafayette.
On 9 February 1942 when additional work is still being done, a fire quickly spreads from the main living room to the deck. Over 10,000 tons of water are used to put the fire out, except the liner is thrown off balance and rolls on a side under the tides pressure on the next night. Extremely damaged, the project of refurbishment is finally rejected. In 1945, the Navy wants to give the wreck back to France, which France refuses. It is then bought by the Lipsett brothers and demolished in 1947, generating a million-dollar profit.
The 2,000 photographs comprised in the sale (grouped into 360 lots) retrace the life of the Normandie, from its birth to sad end. The original photographs and reprints from negatives by Roger SCHALL (1904-1995), François KOLLAR (1904-1979), DESBOUTIN and BYRON will take all collectors and connoisseurs through the fantastic destiny of this legendary boat.