A major exhibition of work by pioneering German Expressionist painter Emil Nolde (1867-1956) is being presented at the National Gallery of Ireland
, Dublin, from 14 February to 10 June 2018. Emil Nolde: Colour is Life is a collaboration between the National Gallery of Ireland, the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art and the Emil Nolde Foundation in Seebüll.
The exhibition comprises over 120 paintings, drawings, watercolours and prints, specially selected from the Emil Nolde Foundation, the artists former home in north Germany. It spans Noldes career from his early atmospheric paintings of his homeland right through to the intensely coloured oils, to his so-called unpainted pictures works done on small pieces of paper during the Third Reich, when Nolde was branded a degenerate artist and forbidden to work as a professional artist. The works on show also include Noldes famous flower and garden paintings, and his extraordinary religious paintings, with their mix of spirituality and eroticism.
A highly distinctive and extravagantly gifted artist, Nolde was a master of colour and many print techniques. This exhibition builds on the success of the Edvard Munch show held in the National Gallery of Ireland in 2009, showing the works of another great northern Expressionist artist of the period.
The exhibition in the National Gallery of Ireland is grouped into themes: Idea of Home; the Metropolis; Conflict and Ecstasy; the South Seas and the Exotic; and Sea and Garden pictures. Over forty oil paintings and fifty works on paper are being shown alongside examples of Noldes work from the Gallerys collection. Among the oil paintings included in the show are Exotic Figures II, 1911; Candle Dancers, 1912; Two Women in a Garden; 1915, Paradise Lost, 1921; and Large Poppies (Red, Red, Red), 1942. Noldes unpainted pictures include Singer (in a green dress), 1910-11, and Aboriginal man swimming, 1914, alongside his woodcuts, Prophet, 1912, and Young Couple, 1913.
Half way through the exhibition in the Dublin venue, the Gallery will exchange all works on paper for others tracing the same themes, in order to reduce exposure to light and preserve these delicate works on paper. It also gives the Gallery a wonderful opportunity to double the number of works on paper on display during the run of the exhibition.
Sean Rainbird, Director of the National Gallery of Ireland, says: We are thrilled to be able to collaborate with the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art and show an exhibition of work by Emil Nolde, one of the pre-eminent German expressionist painters of the first half of the twentieth century. We look forward to welcoming Gallery visitors in Ireland and oversees to take in the breadth and talent of this remarkable artist.
The exhibition is accompanied by a catalogue edited by Keith Hartley, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, with essays by Dr Astrid Becker, Frances Blythe, Keith Hartley, Sean Rainbird, and Dr Christian Weikop.
A painter, printmaker and watercolourist, Emil Nolde (born Emil Hansen) was one of the pre-eminent German artists of the first half of the twentieth century. He was briefly a member of Die Brücke (The Bridge), one of the two major Expressionist groups but remained one of the most independent artists in Germany.
Throughout his career he returned to the essence of the landscape he grew up in and made his permanent home in Seebüll, in Schleswig-Holstein, on the border region between Germany and Denmark. In 1902 he married Danish actress, Ada Vilstrup, and took the name of his birthplace, Nolde.
The flat, windswept fields, prominent skies and nearby turbulent seas of the North Sea were as central to his experience of landscape as the extensive garden he cultivated at his studio and home. While rooted there, he also spent months of each year in Berlin, observing the performers and audiences in the theatres and cabarets. His observation of people embraced the farmers of his homeland, the indigenous peoples of German New Guinea, which he visited in 1913-14, and his depictions of biblical stories. Although an early and committed member of the National Socialist party, the regimes cultural policies as determined by Goebbels during the mid 1930s led to his art being declared degenerate. Forbidden to exhibit and work, he nonetheless painted a celebrated group of unpainted paintings rich in colour and fantastical figures. Noldes complexity as an artist living through turbulent times, supporting the Party ideology but rejected by the government as a degenerate modern artist, makes his career as problematic as it is also celebrated.
Following the death of his first wife, Ada, in 1946, he remarried to Jolanthe Erdmann. He died in Seebüll in 1956 having set up the Nolde Foundation that cares for a large number of his works.