KALAMAZOO, MI.- The Kalamazoo Institute of Arts
will open a new exhibition January 13 two suites of photographs by the Chicago-based artist Dawoud Bey. Harlem, USA (1975-1979) and Harlem Redux (2014-2017) together show the legendary Manhattan neighborhood at two points in time, one via black-and-white portraits, and the other via color images of the changing neighborhood landscape. The exhibition continues through April 11.
Beys exploration of everyday urban life early in his career became his landmark Harlem, USA series, which premiered at the Studio Museum of Harlem in 1979 when he was just 26. Harlem Redux marks Beys return to the community 35 years later. The series comprises large-format color photos reflecting the transition of the celebrated community as it becomes more gentrified and its history more diverse.
This is the first time that the two Bey series have been shown side by side, says Tate. Each reveals the beauty and candor of the community, and the exhibition not only explores Harlem, but inspires personal reflection on our own community, the people, buildings and pattern of activities that make 'place' matter. The exhibit allows us to reflect thoughtfully on the beauty and transitions evident in our own community and how we define a sense of place.
Dawoud Bey (b. 1953) began making photographs at age 16, after seeing the work of James Van Der Zee, who spent decades chronicling the people of Harlem. It was the elder photographers Harlem on My Mind exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art that inspired Beys understanding that the black community could be the subject of a museum exhibition.
Bey began traveling from his home in Queens to explore the neighborhood that held such history for the country, for black people, and for his family, recalling that his parents had met and lived in Harlem, and family trips there had fascinated him. He became enamored with the vibrancy of Harlem and sought to capture the unique rhythms of life there in his pictures.
While Harlem, USA consists of grayscale portraits and street scenes, Harlem Redux focuses on the architecture and changing landscape of Harlem with an eye on the effects of gentrification, using large-format color photography to capture a community that Bey has said he felt was losing some of its identity and growing more generic.
As both James Van Der Zee and Bey gave voice to a marginalized community and fought the stereotypes of black life, the KIA exhibition will include images from the KIA holdings of 19 James Van Der Zee photographs, dating between 1900 and 1940.
Both Van Der Zee and Bey are important in the history of American photography, given their ground-breaking and influential works, says KIA Executive Director Belinda Tate. Van Der Zee was one of the first to not only challenge stereotypes but also give us positive and empowering images of African Americans and one of the few to document the history of an African-American community over several decades.
Of his Harlem, USA series, Bey said in a 2016 interview in Sixty Inches from Center, Harlem occupies a large place in the black cultural imagination as the site of the Harlem Renaissance and significant black social, political, and cultural history. Harlem, USA was made as both a way of reconnecting to that family history and also to add something to the ongoing culture production and visualization of Harlem.
Bey went on to say of his later series, In Harlem Redux, I wanted to talk about the physical place, how its changing, and how place is connected to memory. Since the landscape of Harlem is changing so rapidly, I wanted to describe what that looks like while its taking place. Within this change, the long-time population of Harlem is being increasingly marginalized or disappeared, if you will. The absence of people and their diminished presence is deliberate, literally and metaphorically ... I had to devise a conceptual and formal language that spoke to this current set of circumstances as they are happening; a language that speaks to the ideas of memory, absence, loss, and change.
Dawoud Bey holds an MFA in photography from Yale University and is a professor of art at Columbia College, Chicago, where he has taught since 1998. His work has been exhibited worldwide at institutions including the National Portrait Gallery, London, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Cleveland Museum of Art, and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Bey is the recipient of fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts, and in October 2017, he was named a MacArthur Foundation Fellow.