SINGAPORE.- NTU Centre for Contemporary Art
Singapore is presenting The Oceanic, an exhibition focusing on large-scale human interventions in oceanic ecospheres with contributions by 12 artists, filmmakers, composers, and researchers who engage with both the long cultural histories of Pacific Ocean archipelagos and their current conditions. As part of Thyssen-Bornemisza Art Contemporary Academys (TBA21Academy) The Current, an ongoing research initiative into pressing environmental, economic, and socio-political concerns, NTU CCA Singapores Founding Director Professor Ute Meta Bauer was invited to lead the projects first cycle of expeditions from 201517. The featured contributors in The Oceanic are The Current Fellows who joined the expeditions on TBA21 Academys vessel Dardanella to Papua New Guinea (2015), French Polynesia (2016), and Fiji (2017).
The Current expedition to Papua New Guinea (2015), with artists Laura Anderson Barbata (Mexico/United States), Tue Greenfort (Denmark/Germany), Newell Harry (Australia), and Jegan Vincent de Paul (Sri Lanka/Canada), took as a starting point the concept of the Kula Ring, a ceremonial exchange system practiced in the Trobriand Islands. The second The Current excursion, to French Polynesia (2016), titled Tuamotus, the Tahitian name for distant islands, included artists Nabil Ahmed (Bangladesh/United Kingdom), Atif Akin (Turkey/United States), PerMagnus Lindborg (Sweden/Singapore), and writer Filipa Ramos (Portugal/United Kingdom). The atolls Mururoa and Fangataufa were the sites for 193 nuclear tests between 1966 and 1996, despite being declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1977. Coinciding with the 50th anniversary of the first atomic weapons test on Mururoa, then considered a French colony in Polynesia, this expedition discussed the still neglected long-term impact of nuclear experiments in the Pacific on the populations and the environment. On the third and last The Current expedition (2017) of this cycle, the Fijian practice of the Tabu/Tapu, where a community chief demarcates something as sacred, or forbidden, continued the enquiry on the Polynesian Rahuia traditional rule system that in recent times became significant for marine conservation and resource management. This journey to the Fijian Lau Islands was joined by anthropologist Guigone Camus (France), artists Kristy H. A. Kang (United States/Singapore) and Lisa Rave (United Kingdom/Germany). Participating in all three expeditions was filmmaker and artist Armin Linke (Italy/Germany), who not only documented these journeys with his camera, but also questioned the role of image production in such unique yet loaded encounters.
Stemming from this cycle of expeditions, the exhibition addresses various ecological urgencies affecting the ocean and its littorals as a habitat for humans, fauna, and flora, as well as particular aspects of sea governance. Questions addressed in the show include: Who are the regulators of global oceans? Why should communities who only contribute one per cent of the global carbon footprint be among the first ones to be fatally affected by the rise of sea levels caused by global warming? Is the economic benefit of land- and seabed mining evenly shared with the impacted communities? What are the long-term effects of such industries? Who owns the ocean?
The interest in exposing the technology behind the human infrastructures is present in Armin Linkes video installation OCEANS - Dialogues between ocean floor and water column (2017) while Tue Greenfort explores complex ecosystems and scientific production practices, challenging human understanding of and relationship with nature and culture.
Inspired by the materials used for gift exchanges such as the Kula Ring, Newell Harry documents this practice in his black-and-white photo series (Untitled) Nimoa and Me: Kiriwina Notes (201516), and also creates (Untitled) Anagrams and Objects for RU & RU (2015) with text on tapa, a cloth made from softened bark. Likewise incorporating items by artisans from Milne Bay Province, Laura Anderson Barbata produced striking costumes for the performative piece Ocean Calling (2017), created as part of TBA21Academys intervention on World Ocean Day 2017 at the plaza in front of the United Nations Headquarters in New York.
Addressing the exploitation of finite resources, Nabil Ahmed collaborates with other researchers to call for an Inter-Pacific Ring Tribunal (INTERPRT) (2016 ongoing), a long-term investigation into environmental justice in the Pacific region. Lisa Raves film Europium (2014) investigates this rare eponymous mineral that has become one of the allures of deep-sea miningthe new gold rush spreading across the global oceans. In Europium, Rave also draws the ofteninvisible connections between colonialism, ecology, and currencies.
The exhibition will also include a sound component by PerMagnus Lindborg who recorded the land and underwater soundscapes of the Tuamotus in French Polynesia, as well as a film programme selected by Filipa Ramos and other The Current Fellows. Jegan Vincent de Paul will expand his research on socioeconomic networks into the Pacific region. In The Lab, the Centres project space, anthropologist Guigone Camus will display documentation from the Fiji expedition, as well as diverse materials from her extensive research in Kiribati, while Kristy H. A. Kang will reflect on her experience in Fiji through an iterative installation and research process that will explore vernacular forms of mapping cultural memory and spatial narrative.
The Oceanic marks the start of NTU CCA Singapores new overarching research topic CLIMATES. HABITATS. ENVIRONMENTS., which will inform and connect the Centres various activitiesranging from research to residencies and exhibitions for the next three years. This is the third exhibition by the Centre, following Allan Sekulas Fish Story, to be continued (2015) and Charles Lim Yi Yongs SEA STATE (2016), to feature long-term, critical enquiries by artists about the radical changes for communities whose livelihoods are inseparable from the sea, the precarious labour at sea, and the irreversible impact of technologically driven human interventions on one of the Earths most precious resources, the oceans.
This opportunity has led to a Memorandum of Understanding between TBA21 and the Nanyang Technological University in developing academic and scientific relationships.