This fall, the Addison Gallery of American Art
, located on the campus of Phillips Academy in Andover, MA, presents Mark Tobey: Threading Light, an exhibition that traces the evolution of the artists groundbreaking style and his significant yet under-recognized contributions to abstraction and mid-century American modernism. With 70 paintings spanning the 1920s through 1970, Threading Light surveys the breadth of Tobeys oeuvre and reveals the extraordinarily nuanced yet radical beauty of his work. Organized by the Addison and guest curator Debra Bricker Balken, who also authored the accompanying catalogue, Threading Light opened earlier this year at the Peggy Guggenheim Collection in Venice, and is on view at the Addison from November 4, 2017, through March 11, 2018.
The first comprehensive retrospective of Tobeys work in two decades, and the first in the United States in four decades, Threading Light provides a thoughtful re-appraisal of Tobeys work. One of the foremost American artists to emerge from the 1940s, a decade that saw the rise of abstract expressionism, Mark Tobey (18901976) is recognized as a vanguard figure whose white-writing anticipated the formal innovations of New York School artists such as Jackson Pollock.
When Tobeys small paintings composed of intricate, pale webs of delicate lines were first exhibited in New York in 1944, they generated much interest for their daring all-over compositions. His unique calligraphic renderings largely invoke the cityits dizzying, towering architecture, thoroughfares, and pervasive whirl of electric light. As such, they are the outcome of a lyrical combination of both Eastern and Western visual histories that range from Chinese scroll painting to European cubism. This unique form of abstraction was the synthesis of the artists experiences living in Seattle and New York, his extensive trips to Hong Kong, Shanghai, Kyoto, and Europe, and his conversion to the Baháí faith. As Debra Bricker Balken explains, Within this mix of sources, Tobey was able to skirt a specific debt to cubismunlike his modernist peersby fusing elements of like formal languages into compositions that are both astonishingly radical and beautiful.
As the New York School emerged in the aftermath of World War II, Tobey was only marginally integrated into the movement because he was averse to the cultural nationalism and American-ness of the rhetoric imposed on its paintings. Unlike the brasher, more aggressive pictorial statements of Jackson Pollock and others, Tobeys quiet, inward-directed work could not easily be folded into the new critical discourse intent on the formulation of a national identity for American art. Tobey rejected scale and monumentality to create microscopic worlds and intimate compositions, based on an intense observation of nature, the city, and the flow of light. His signature white writing, or labyrinths of interconnected marks and lines, evoked the spiritual.
While he had always led a nomadic life, Tobey spent more time in Paris during the 1950s, and in 1960 he moved Basel, Switzerland, where he set up a studio. Participating in numerous international exhibitions, he was the first American painter after James McNeill Whistler to win the City of Venice Prize at the Venice Biennale in 1958.
During the last phase of his life, Tobey enlarged the scale of his painting, producing epic works that expanded on his signature concept of white writing. Like the inventive features of his earlier works, these larger canvases extend an aesthetic of transcendence and ethereality. As Tobey stated, his work was not bound by a geography or a country but aimed for a higher state of consciousness. Innovative and distinct in its influences and beauty, Tobeys work bridges the international dimensions of midcentury modernism, a connection that has been previously unexplored in the discourse on postwar art. Threading Light re-examines and recontextualizes the work and influence of this important painter, weaving in the rich but occluded histories of the global intersections of late modern art that have evaded many of the interpreters of culture in United States.
Mark Tobey: Threading Light is accompanied by a fully illustrated, 208-page scholarly catalogue, published by Skira Rizzoli in English and Italian, which documents many of Tobeys most accomplished works. This first-ever monograph includes a comprehensive examination of Tobey and his cultural context by Balken, whose thorough and original research addresses the prescience of Tobeys style and his unique place in American art.