The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Sunday, April 22, 2018

Groundbreaking Virginia collections displayed in permanent galleries at Virginia Museum of Fine Arts
Max Pechstein (German, 1881-1955) Bathers (Badende), 1910, oil on canvas, 27¾”H x 31¾”W, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond. The Ludwig and Rosy Fischer Collection, Gift of the Estate of Anne R. Fischer. Photo: Katherine Wetzel © Virginia Museum of Fine Arts.

RICHMOND, VA.- Virginia Museum of Fine Arts opened its permanent early 20th-century European art galleries on May 4, showcasing French and German art from the first half of the 20th century. The galleries, also known as the Deane & Goodwin Galleries, are located on the Atrium level of the museum.

“It’s noteworthy that the galleries will house the collections of two visionary Virginia collections, Ludwig and Rosy Fischer and T. Catesby Jones,” Virginia Museum of Fine Arts Director Alex Nyerges said. “Both collections represent internationally significant artists and open important dialogues with the Sydney and Frances Lewis Family collection of mid to late 20th-century art as well as the Lewis Art Nouveau and Art Deco Decorative Arts collection.”

The Ludwig and Rosy Fischer Collection, which came to VMFA as a gift-purchase in 2009, was assembled by the couple in Frankfurt, Germany, between 1905 and 1925. In its time, it was widely known as one of the most significant collections in Europe of new German art. Brought to the United States in 1934, it became the last refugee collections of German Expressionism to enter a U.S. museum when it was acquired by a combination purchase-gift in 2009. It includes the work of Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Emil Nolde, Max Pechstein, Conrad Felixmuller, Wassily Kandinsky, and Paul Klee, among others.

T. Catesby Jones, a native Virginian who pursued a law career in New York, gave his French Modernism collection to VMFA as a bequest in 1947. He purchased works between 1924 and 1939 from prominent artists of the era – Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, André Masson, Jacques Lipchitz, and others – as well as works by such artists as André Lhote and Jean Lurçat, who are less widely known today. For a time, his gift placed VMFA in the vanguard of U.S. museums collecting modern European art. New acquisitions, including the 1912 sculpture Maggy by French artist Raymond Duchamp-Villon, also are on display.

The new galleries feature German Expressionist art from just before World War I through the 1920s, with an emphasis on Die Brücke (“the Bridge”), a movement in which artists opposed the dominant style of Impressionism and its focus on color and light. Die Brücke artists responded to the changing world of the early 20th century and employed a style defined by vivid palettes, strong lines, and distorted forms. These characteristics symbolize the German Expressionism movement as a whole. The artists witnessed industrialization and either celebrated it by depicting aspects of the bustling, modern city, or opposed it by fleeing the city and painting rural landscapes in response to the pressures of modern life.

Ludwig and Rosy Fischer, who embraced the changing art of their time, purchased the majority of German works in the new early 20th-century European art galleries. From 1905 to 1925, they acquired paintings, sculptures, drawings, prints and illustrated books, and the collection was passed to their two sons, Max and Ernst upon their deaths. In 1934, Ernst left Germany with his family and his half of the collection and accepted a position at the Medical College of Virginia in Richmond. Max’s half of the collection stayed in Germany, which was then confiscated and destroyed by the Nazis. In 2009, the Ludwig and Rosy Fischer Collection of German Expressionist Art, approximately 200 works, became part of VMFA’s permanent collection through a gift-purchase agreement with Ernst’s widow, Anne Fischer.

During the first half of the 20th century, European artists viewed Paris as a cultural capital where a spirit of experimentation and innovation produced a succession of artistic movements including Fauvism, Cubism and Surrealism. While many of the artists represented in the European Modernism gallery were French, some were émigrés from other European countries: Pablo Picasso, Juan Gris and Salvador Dalí were from Spain; Jacques Lipchitz was from Lithuania; and Alexander Archipenko came from the Ukraine. There were connections between artists working in Paris and German Expressionists, and the dialogues between different nationalities emphasized the web of cultural influences that shaped the way artists in Paris understood the modern world.

Many of these works came to VMFA’s collection from T. Catesby Jones (1880-1946). Descended from a Virginia family, Jones spent his childhood in Petersburg, Va., and attended Hampden-Sydney College, Princeton University and the University of Virginia School of Law. In 1911, he moved to New York City and when the modern art boom occurred in the city during the 1920s, he became a dedicated collector of 20th- century art. After two decades, he amassed almost 300 works including paintings, drawings, prints, sculptures, textiles and illustrated books. He often traveled to Paris and formed friendships with artists such as Jacques Lipchitz, Jean Lurçat, and André Masson. Jones was a VMFA trustee and he donated works during his lifetime and left his paintings, sculptures and drawings as a bequest to the museum in 1947.

Today's News

May 14, 2013

New Tate Britain display offers an extensive survey of art in Britain over the past 500 years

Sotheby's Spring Auction of American Art to offer rare painting by John Singer Sargent

The fashionable world of the Tudors and Stuarts revealed at The Queen's Gallery

Groundbreaking Virginia collections displayed in permanent galleries at Virginia Museum of Fine Arts

Ketterer Kunst to offer Ernst Ludwig Kirchner masterpiece painted on both sides

Successful Asian Art Auctions at Koller Zurich: A four-armed Tibetan goddess makes just under 630 000 Swiss francs

Complete Andy Warhol Endangered Species and Ads 1985 portfolios offered at Heritage Auctions

Smithsonian American Art Museum launches touring exhibition "George Catlin's American Buffalo"

Rare furniture with links to the Forbidden City for sale at Bonhams Chinese Art Sale in London

LACMA to host free, participatory art and film programs in nine southern California communities

Over 60 artists instructions interpreted as sculpture, performances, and events at Socrates Sculpture Park

Sotheby's announces sale of photographic artworks from the former Soviet Union

MIT List Visual Arts Center opens an exhibition of the work of artist Alan Uglow

US returns more Mongolian dinosaur bones

Project/Number presents a project by Simon Liddiment and Lawrence Weiner

First U.S. exhibition of French artist Pierre Antoniucci opens at Modernism

Stylish Italian collection owned by former Vogue editor comes to Christie's South Kensington

Rochelle Fry with Squares and Triangles in first solo exhibition at 43 Inverness Street

New exhibition at Wolverhampton Art Gallery explores global climate change

The Jewish Museum presents first American retrospective for Jack Goldstein

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- John Surtees' one-owner 1957 BMW 507 to be offered for the first time at Bonhams Festival of Speed sale

2.- Antiques looted in Libya by IS sold in Spain, two experts arrested

3.- The world's oldest bridge to be preserved by the British Museum's Iraq Scheme

4.- Exquisite jewels dazzle in historic Cartier exhibition at the National Gallery of Australia

5.- Now showing in US cinemas: "Hitler VS Picasso and The Others" directed by Claudio Poli

6.- New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art returns stolen idols to Nepal

7.- Glasgow starts a year of celebration as Charles Rennie Mackintosh exhibition opens

8.- Very rare Qing Dynasty bowl sells for $30.4 million

9.- Gardner Museum publishes "Stolen" book about 13 works in 1990 theft

10.- Royal Ontario Museum announces appointment of Curator, Islamic Art & Culture

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful