DALLAS, TX.- The Dallas Museum of Art
today announced the publication of the first catalogue dedicated to exploring the Museums collection of over 450 works of South and Southeast Asian art. The Arts of India, Southeast Asia, and the Himalayas at the Dallas Museum of Art is the second in a series of catalogues documenting the magnificent works in the DMAs encyclopedic collection, following the 2009 publication of The Arts of Africa at the Dallas Museum of Art. The catalogue draws both from historical sources and from contemporary research to examine over 140 sculptures, architectural pieces, and other works of art that represent the many cultures and religions of India, Southeast Asia, and the Himalayas. Both visually and intellectually compelling, the catalogue celebrates the beauty and diversity of South and Southeast Asian art, as well as its social and historic significance.
The richly illustrated 264-page book was written by Dr. Anne R. Bromberg, Ph.D., the DMAs Cecil and Ida Green Curator of Ancient and Asian Art, with contributions by scholars Catherine B. Asher, Frederick M. Asher, Robert Warren Clark, and Nancy Tingley.
The publication of this comprehensive new catalogue draws on the strengths of the DMAs South and Southeast Asian art holdings to offer important new contributions to the burgeoning body of scholarship in this field, said Maxwell L. Anderson, The Eugene McDermott Director of the Dallas Museum of Art. This in-depth look at the Museums collection supports the DMAs commitment to fostering cross-cultural dialogue on an international scale through a variety of avenues, including exhibitions, programming, institutional partnerships, and publications.
By illuminating the many treasures of the DMAs South and Southeast Asian art collection, this catalogue seeks to expand our understanding of artistic production in one of the worlds most culturally diverse regions, said Bromberg. It has been a delight to embark on such a thorough exploration of the Museums remarkable holdings in this area, which encompass nearly 1,700 years of art-making practices from India, Southeast Asia, and the Himalayas.
The DMA began collecting, exhibiting, and championing Asian art early in its history. The South Asian collection was founded on Indian art, and for that reason has experienced particularly strong growth in this area. Visitors can experience many objects from the collection that are currently on view in the Asian galleries and other galleries at the DMA. Highlighted works from the catalogue that are currently on view include:
Shiva Nataraja, South India, Tamil Nadu, Chola dynasty (11th century): This bronze sculpture of Shiva, the Hindu god of destruction, shows him in his form as the Lord of the Dance. His dancing obliterates ignorance, signified by the dwarf beneath him. On special occasions, metal images such as this one were taken on procession both within the temple and in the surrounding area.
Vishnu as Varaha, Central India, Madhya Pradesh (10th century): This sculpture portrays Vishnu, the Hindu preservation deity, as his incarnation of Varaha, with the head of a boar and the body of a human. He is shown triumphantly rising up from the ocean with the earth goddess, whom he has just rescued from the sea-demon that tried to drown her. Large figures of Varaha such as this one were often used to commemorate a kings victory in battle, drawing an analogy between the righteousness of Varaha and the monarch.
Shrine, India, Gujarat (late 18th to 19th century): This magnificent shrine is covered with a silver veneer and represents a miniature version of the universe; imagery evolves from the earthly realm of human activity to the heavenly realm with celestial dancers and birds near the dome. The eclectic imagery makes it difficult to identify as either Jain or Hindu without the holy figure that would have been seated in the middle. Shrines such as this one were used in private homes as well as in devotional chapels in larger temple complexes.
Standing Buddha, Thailand, Lopburi style (13th to 14th century): This gilt bronze statue of the Buddha stands with his hands out in a gesture meant to drive back floodwaters. The Buddhas spiritual wealth is reflected in the lavish material of his clothing and intricate decoration of his crown and jewelry. The artistic style is named after the central Thai city of Lopburi, which was both the political and artistic center of the region.
Thinking Bodhisattva, India, Gandhara, Hadda region (4th to 6th century): This terracotta sculpture represents the last of the bodhisattvas that preceded the historical Buddha. This bodhisattva will be reborn as Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha. Here, he is meditating on that reincarnation.
Interest in Asian art at the Dallas Museum of Art has centered on special exhibitions for much of its history, beginning in 1938 with Chinese Ancestral Portraits and Japanese Landscape Prints. The DMA has collected and continued to build its important collection of the arts of South and Southeast Asia since the acquisition of the Tibetan Manjushri sculpture in 1955. In 1962 the groundbreaking exhibition Arts of Man led to a significant expansion of the DMAs Asian art holdings, with several works from the exhibition later entering the Museums collection, including the Vishnu and attendants sculpture given by Mrs. John Leddy Jones, and the Durga and Vishnu wooden festival sculptures, both gifts of the Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Marcus Foundation.
The DMAs South Asian collection changed dramatically after the 1993 exhibition East Meets West: Selections from the David T. Owsley Collection. Mr. Owsley agreed to donate the exhibited works to the Museum, providing the core of the new Asian galleries that opened in 1996. Mr. Owsley will also be leaving his personal collection to the Museum in his estate. Mr. Owsleys generosity and connoisseurship continue to be important to the Museums collection, and in 2000 the bronze Shiva Nataraja sculpture was purchased for the Museum in his honor by Margaret McDermott, the Hamon Charitable Foundation, and the Cecil and Ida Green Acquisition Fund.
Other significant acquisitions and gifts of South and Southeast Asian art over the past fifty years have included a pair of carved sandstone jali screens, purchased by the Junior Associates; the figure of the elephant-headed god Ganesha, purchased by the Dallas Art Association following the Arts of Man exhibition; and a stone sculpture of Shivas bull mount, Nandi, a gift of the Cecil and Ida Green Acquisition Fund and gift of David T. Owsley via the Alvin and Lucy Owsley Foundation.