NEW YORK, N.Y.-
David Smith: Cubes and Anarchy examines the abiding importance of geometric form in the work of American sculptor David Smith (1906-1965) from his earliest small works through the monumental late masterpieces that he created in the final years of his life. Organized by the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, where it debuted earlier this year, the exhibition brings together approximately 60 works, including the largest grouping of Smiths Cubis and Zigs assembled in more than two decades. Cubes and Anarchy places these acknowledged masterpieces in context with Smiths earlier works in an exhibition that includes sculptures, drawings, paintings, and photographs, many provided by the Estate of David Smith. The show will be presented at the Whitney Museum of American Art
in the fourth-floor Emily Fisher Landau Galleries, from October 6, 2011, through January 8, 2012.
David Smith has been widely heralded as one of the greatest sculptors of the twentieth century. His work has often been presented as a sculptural counterpart to that of the Abstract Expressionist painters who were his friends. As an innovator of welded sculpture, he produced a richly diverse body of work exemplified by his poetic assemblages of found objects and industrial materials. Most scholarship has viewed Smiths career as developing in a linear fashion, from the European influences of Picasso and Cubism in the 1930s, to the surrealist, expressionist, and lyrical works of the 1940s and 1950s, and culminating with his large-scale, stainless-steel and boldly painted sculptures of the 1960s. The simplified geometry of Smiths monumental late sculptures, the final works he produced before his untimely death in a car accident in 1965, are often seen as representing a distinct break from his earlier sculptures, which often radically reinterpreted the traditional themes of painting, such as landscape, the figure, and still-life. David Smith: Cubes and Anarchy, by focusing on geometry, revises the narrative of Smiths aesthetic development and, for the first time, places his final works in context. Beginning with the artist's late stainless-steel and painted steel sculptures, and ending with his earliest work from the 1930s, the exhibitions installation traces the vital role that geometric abstraction played in his work in sculpture, painting, drawing, and photography, throughout his entire career.
The exhibitions subtitle, Cubes and Anarchy, comes from a phrase Smith attributed to John Sloan, his teacher at the Art Students League in New York in the 1930s. For Smith, the phrase connoted the revolutionary power of geometric forms that had been heralded by the European abstract artists he most admired, in particular the Russian Constructivists, Kandinsky, and the Dutch De Stijl painter Piet Mondrian. Smiths fusion of simple geometries with the techniques and materials of industrial fabrication freed him to explore a broad range of formal and expressive directions, including heightening the breakdown between drawing, painting, and sculpture. With wildly gestural surfaces of burnished stainless steel and powerfully vibrant painted steel, he united timeless form with the power and scale of modern life. In creating this synthesis, Smith redefined the aesthetics and ambitions of sculpture.
David Smith was born in Indiana in 1906. In 1926 he moved to New York City, where he studied at the Art Students League. In the early 1930s, as part of a small group of abstract artists in New York that formed around the Polish émigré artist, John Graham, he became friends with Stuart Davis, Arshile Gorky, and Willem de Kooning. After establishing his studio in a foundry on the Brooklyn waterfront in the 1930s, Smith moved in 1940 to Bolton Landing, on Lake George, in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York. He showed regularly in New York City beginning in 1938 and by the 1940s was championed, along with Jackson Pollock, by critic Clement Greenberg. Smiths work was exhibited regularly at the Whitney Museum of American Art, and he was given a major retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in 1957. His sculptures were exhibited not only across the United States, but internationally as well, including in the Venice Biennale (1958), the São Paulo Bienal (1959), Spoleto (1962), and Documenta (1964). His work in the early 1960s brought Smith to the forefront of international recognition. In 1965, he was appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson to serve on the National Council on the Arts. Smith died in an automobile accident in 1965, at the age of 59. A major survey of his work planned by the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and organized in consultation with Smith, was presented in 1965 as David Smith: A Memorial Exhibition. Retrospective exhibitions have since been held in Australia, France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, and the United States.