The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Sunday, August 25, 2019

Mexican Archaeologists Find Ancient Staircase at Tlatelolco, May Confirm First Building
Ceramic fragments, obsidian pieces and small animal bones were found. Photo: DMC INAH/H. Montaño.

MEXICO CITY.- When looking for archaeological elements of the first constructive stage of Tlatelolco, to confirm a foundation date, researchers of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) found at Templo Mayor (Main Temple) a staircase that gave access to a shrine that dates from the earliest architectural stage, as well as a stuccoed floor, probably dated between 900 and 1200 of the Common Era.

The finding may confirm the moment when the first building of Tlatelolco, the twin city of Tenochtitlan, was established, informed archaeologist Lucia Sanchez, director of the archaeological zone.

According to ethno-historical sources such as official chronicles of Fray Diego de Duran and Padre Acosta, the foundation of Tlatelolco took place in 1337, while Tenochtitlan was founded in 1325. Other sources like Historia Tolteca-Chichimeca and Mapa de Sigüenza, report that Tlatelolco was created before or at the same time as Tenochtitlan.

The INAH researcher mentioned that the finding of the staircase adds up to those of the past years. Ceramic fragments, obsidian pieces and small animal bones, part of the pyramid’s filling were found as well.

As the skin of an onion, Templo Mayor of Tlatelolco was studied inside out, taking advantage of a tunnel created in Prehispanic times that goes through the structure.

Lucia Sanchez recalled that between 1992 and 1993, during excavations headed by archaeologist Salvador Guilliem, a complete staircase was found in the occidental façade of the pyramid, at the Stage 1a, as well as remains of another. In 2007, when the work was retaken, a third staircase, also broken, was located in Stage 1b.

In 2009, another exploration from the upper part of the structure took place, which led to finding at 7.5 meters depth, a stucco floor and a small plaster with remains of red, black and blue pigments, as well as fragments of small polychrome braziers.

The archaeologist mentioned that between February and June 2011, 12.5 meters into the tunnel, the staircase that gave access to a shrine was discovered, as well as the continuation of the stuccoed floor located in 2009; the space was named Stage 1c, and could be dated in Post Classic period (950-1200 AD).

The chief of Tlatelolco Archaeological Zone continued mentioning that ceramics, obsidian –mainly small knives-, stone used for construction as well as for filling, and small animal bones were found.

“This material was used for filling; small mollusk shells from the lake were found, indicating this soil was used also for the filling”.

“These elements would correspond to the foundation of the city; according to ethno-historical sources, they would correspond to 1337, but could be older, from 1000 to 1200 of the Common Era”, commented Lucia Sanchez.

The archaeologist said that analysis is being conducted to verify if the 3 stages (1a, 1b and 1c) correspond to different constructive stages or they are just attachments to the temple of Tlatelolco.

She detailed that in order to obtain precise information to complement excavation data, different studies take place on material found in the past, such as ceramics, charcoal and shell, with the collaboration of the INAH Sub Direction of Laboratories and Academic Support and the Paleomagnetism Laboratory at UNAM Institute of Geo Physical Investigations.

“Some analyses will imply Carbon 14, as well as thermoluminescence and archaeomagnetic dating, methods used to determine temporality of ceramic pieces and stuccoed floors”, she explained.

Results will allow, according to Tlatelolco Project objectives, to establish comparisons between Tlatelolco and Tenochtitlan in their earliest stages.

Templo Mayor of Tlatelolco exploration is part of an archaeological project that began in 1987 headed by archaeologist Salvador Guilliem Arroyo with collaboration of researchers Patricia Ledesma, Alejandro Rivera, Claudia Nicolas, Maria de Jesus Alvizar and Lucia Sanchez de Bustamante.

Today's News

June 21, 2011

Pablo Picasso Work Loaned to West Bank Goes on Display at Palestinian Art Academy

Sotheby's to Offer an Important Oil Study by Sir Anthony Van Dyck in Its Old Masters Sale

Mexican Archaeologists Find Ancient Staircase at Tlatelolco, May Confirm First Building

Caravaggio's St Augustine: Whitfield Fine Art Research the Discovery of Caravaggio's Original

British Library, Google in Deal to Digitize Books Published between 1700 and 1870

Kunsthalle Offers a Fascinating Dialogue between Modernism and Present-Day Art

St Paul's Completes £40 Million Restoration Project and Celebrates 300th Anniversary

Original Emancipation Proclamation Displayed at The Henry Ford Museum in Michigan

Recently Discovered Masterpiece of Islamic Art to Go on View at the Pergamon Museum

Research Shows One of Vincent van Gogh's Self-Portraits is in Fact His Brother Theo

Sotheby's Offers Furniture & Works of Art from the Collections of Lily & Edmond J. Safra

Picasso at Work: Through the Lens of David Douglas Duncan at Museo Picasso Málaga

Marilyn Monroe "Subway" Dress Sells for $4.6 Million at Profiles in History Auction House

World Monuments Fund Announces Sustainable Tourism Effort at the Alhambra

Dayton Art Institute Director Janice Driesbach to Retire, Interim Director Appointed

Caroline Kerrigan Lerch Named Metropolitan Show Director

Peter Halley "Judgment Day": An Installation in Personal Structures at the Venice Biennale

Dürer and Hirst Visions of Mortality Lead Bonhams Sale

Peabody Essex Museum's New Exhibition Makes a Splash

Yale Center Premieres Companion Exhibition to Online Catalogue

Street Cred: Graffiti Art from Concrete to Canvas at the Pasadena Museum of California Art

Jared French, Mary Nimmo Moran and Thomas Hart Benton Bring Strong Prices at Swann Galleries

Robert A. Pruzan Elected Chairman of the Board of Trustees of The Jewish Museum

Magic of Ancient Egypt to Transform the Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, Florida

National Portrait Gallery Unveils New Portrait of Nobel Prize Winning Scientist Sir Martin Evans

20 Years of Presence: The Big Anniversary Exhibition at MMK Museum für Moderne Kunst

New Permanent Work by Olafur Eliasson is Now on the Roof of Danish Art Museum

Bristol's New £27 Million City History Museum "M Shed" Opened to the Public

Robust Selection of Art from the Middle East Featured in The Beirut Sale at Ayyam Gallery

Art Fund Opens £600,000 Funding Scheme to Build New Collections of Art throughout the UK

Soviet Pink Tank Returns to Prague

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- Newly restored Titian's Rape of Europa set to be reunited with accompanying works

2.- Krannert Art Museum acquires complete works of conceptual gay photographer Hal Fischer

3.- The Met's Rock & Roll exhibition reaches a milestone 500,000 visitors

4.- A new species of giant penguin has been identified from fossils

5.- Fondation Phi pour l'art contemporain exhibits works by pioneering artist Yoko Ono

6.- Comprehensive exhibition of Elfie Semotan's work on view at C/O Berlin

7.- 'Easy Rider' star Peter Fonda dead at 79

8.- Major exhibition explores the romantic fascination with the Scottish Highlands

9.- Meet the Ercolines, the Woodstock lovebirds whose hug made history

10.- Dallas Museum of Art re-opens European Galleries after total reinstallation

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
(1941 - 2019)
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful