The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Friday, October 31, 2014


Bruce Museum Highlights Its Collection of Kashmir Shawls in Exhibition
Detail of European Shawl, ca. 1860. Wool. Gift of J.J. Hills, Collection of Bruce Museum 13664
GREENWICH, CT.- The Bruce Museum in Greenwich, Connecticut, recently unwrapped a new exhibition this winter that highlights its collection of beautifully woven cashmere shawls. On view through February 28, 2011, Kashmir Shawls from the Bruce Museum Collection features a display of ten outstanding shawls selected from the Museum’s international textile collection. Most date from the early to mid-19th century and several were given to the Bruce Museum by Greenwich families that passed them down from one generation to the next. Some of the shawls were produced in Kashmir, India, and the others came from European manufacturers.

The word “cashmere” derives from an 18th-century English spelling of Kashmir, which is the politically tumultuous, northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent. Predominantly Muslim, Kashmir is also home to a significant Hindu population. The region is known for its production of finely woven and pieced shawls, an art that was practiced as early as the 6th century BCE. However, it is commonly held that shawls of the type shown here were woven beginning in the 16th century.

Cashmere shawls are derived from the soft undercoat of the double-fleeced cashmere goat (Capra hircus laniger), which naturally sheds its winter coat every spring. The fiber is also known as pashm (Persian for wool) or pashmina (a Persian/Hindi word derived from pashm). Once the wool of the goat has been collected, the coarse protective fibers are separated from the soft underlying hairs. The resulting material is then ready to be dyed and converted into fabric. As the demand for cashmere has increased and innovations in textile manufacture have developed, cashmere farmers have resorted to using a coarse comb which pulls tufts of hair from the goat’s coat rather than just relying on the collection of the sheds. Today, most cashmere goats are combed or shorn of their fleece, and then the wool fiber is de-haired, or separated using a mechanical process that separates the coarse hairs from the fine hair.

Most Kashmiri shawls were adorned with botehs, or buta. Boteh, literally meaning “flower,” refers to the motif of a tightly-packed pyramid of flowers above a vase. A kidney-shaped teardrop, the boteh is believed by scholars to be a fusion of a stylized pine, fern, or cypress tree. While the motif originated as plant-inspired, in Europe the design was thought to be a protective charm to ward off demons.

In the early 18th century, as the British East India Company began engaging in regular trade with the Indian subcontinent and China, soldiers returned from the colonies with cashmere shawls. Originally the weavings were worn by men in Kashmir, but once imported to England and Scotland the shawls immediately became a fashion statement for wealthy ladies. As Josephine Bonaparte began to sport “les cachemires,” the trend expanded through France and across the ocean to America. The shawls, however, were astronomically expensive. A biographer of Sir Walter Scott records the bridal trousseau presented to Scott’s French bride in 1797, including a Kashmir shawl that cost 50 guineas (about $100), a huge sum at the time. The high costs of imported shawls encouraged European textile manufacturers to imitate Kashmiri designs, sacrificing quality for low costs.

In the early 19th century, when weavers of the town of Paisley, Scotland, began manufacturing shawls en masse, the boteh became known as “paisley.” Scotland took weaving from a cottage industry to an industrialized process with the advent of the jacquard loom, a mechanical loom invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard in 1804 that simplifies the process of manufacturing textiles with complex patterns. The fashion for paisley shawls first peaked in Europe around 1800, and by the mid-19th century it had spread throughout America.

The Bruce Museum | Greenwich | Kashmir Shawls |




Last Week News

December 23, 2010

Valentino's Timeless Glamour and Elegance Featured in Exhibition Opening in Singapore

City of Boston Targets Tax-Exempt Non-Profit Organizations to Help Fill Budget Hole

Detroit Institute of Arts Opens New Gallery Devoted to Ancient Middle Eastern Art

Smithsonian Scientist Sheds Light on Origin of Martian Moons, Phobos and Deimos

Earliest Known Darrow Monopoly Game Set Acquired by National Museum of Play

World's Most Iconic Vodka Collaborates with Artist Krink to Launch Absolut Limited Edition

Major Exhibition of Picasso's Work from his Early Paris Period to be Held in the Netherlands

The Pobeda Gallery Presents an Exhibition by Editorial and Art Photographer Charles Thompson

Country Club Presents Another Mise-en-Scène Exhibition Curated by Michael Lowe

Olafur Eliasson Develops New Installation Specially for ARKEN's Most Striking Gallery

Entrance of Winter Illuminates Rock Painting in Baja California Archaeological Site

Morris Museum Exhibition Features the Michelangelo of Medicine, Frank H. Netter, MD

ICA Boston Announces Amie Siegel as the Winner of the 2010 James and Audrey Foster Prize

Image of Francis Bacon, One of Ireland's Top Artists, to Sell in First Irish Art Sale at Bonhams

Reagan Memorial Idea Splits Berlin Long After Wall

Maria Lind has Been Appointed the New Director of Tensta Konsthall

Smithsonian Acquires Lifetouch Donation for Photographic History Collection

Bidders Drawn to Unique Works by Contemporary Artists at Swann Galleries' Auction of American and Contemporary Art

December 22, 2010

Johnny Depp: "Looking at a Painting by Pablo Picasso is Like Drinking a Glass of Wine"

Important Sale of Americana Announced at Sotheby's New York in January

New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art Determines Painting by Velázquez is Authentic

National Portrait Gallery Will Keep "Felix, June 5, 1994" by AA Bronson in "Hide/Seek"

Getty Villa to Present Apollo from Pompeii: Investigating an Ancient Bronze

The Cleveland Museum of Art Announces Latest Works Approved by the Collections Committee

After Winning Bidder Didn't Pay Up, Nuns' Honus Wagner Baseball Card Goes to New Buyer

The Speed Art Museum Announces Thorntons Inc. Donates $1 Million for Expansion

Archives of Gwathmey Siegel & Associates Architects Donated to Yale University

Robert L. Oswald, Brother of Lee Harvey Oswald Disputes Last Week's Sale of Coffin

DC Moore Gallery Relocates to a Dynamic and Spacious New Location in Chelsea

Melissa A. DeRuiter Named PAFA's New Executive Vice President of Development

American Museum of Natural History's New Dinosaurs App for iPad Out for the Holidays

Iconic Barack Obama Change Poster by Shepard Fairy to Sell at Bonhams

Christie's International Leads the Market for Watches in Europe, Asia, and the America's

Bonhams to Sell Painting of the Father of All Chocolate Labradors

Kaune, Sudendorf Gallery for Contemporary Photography Presents Marina Gadonneix

Graffiti Art Brightens War-torn Afghan Capital

Clark D. Manus, FAIA, Inaugurated as 2011 AIA President

December 21, 2010

Short Film Celebrates 75th Anniversary of Mural Painting Made by Diego Rivera

Earliest Known Work by Top International Female Artist, Marlene Dumas, to Sell at Bonhams

Rare, Newly Re-Discovered Masterpiece of African Art to Be Sold at Sotheby's London in February 2011

Spanish Police Recover Works by Picasso and Botero which Were Stolen in Getafe

Rival Collectors Historic Cabinets from Natural History Museum for Sale at Bonhams

Archaeo-zoology Studies Say Canidae Were Bred in Teotihuacan with Ritual Purposes

De Hallen Haarlem Presents 13 Works from the Period 1989-1995 by American Artist Cady Noland

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Returns 14th Century Embroidery to the Museo Diocesano Tridentin

Lisson Gallery Announces it is Now Representing Renowned Chinese Artist Ai Weiwei

Two Masterpieces by Hendrick ter Brugghen to Be Together for First Time at the National Gallery of Art

The Art Show Organized by the Art Dealers Association of America to Benefit Henry Street Settlement

Official Commemorative Range of China Launched by the Royal Collection for Royal Wedding

Winter Antiques Show Celebrates Its 57th Year with Three New Exhibitors and a Loan Exhibition

Sotheby's 2010 Wine Sales Bring $88.2 Million and Achieves Highest Worldwide Wine Total Ever

Peacock on Menu in Century Old Persian Recipe for Sale at Bonhams Indian and Islamic Sale in London

Las Vegas' Neon Boneyard Highlights Glitzy Past

Colorado Monument Offers 'Pocket-Size Grand Canyon'

Two Paintings Seized in NY Stolen by Nazis in Poland

December 20, 2010

Recovery of Painting by Albrecht Dürer Leads Italian Police to Various Pieces of Stolen Art

AGO Partners with Centre Pompidou to Bring Masterworks by Chagall, Kandinsky to Toronto

20th Century Design Sales at Sotheby's in New York Total More than $19 Million

Los Angeles County Museum of Art Presents the First Museum Exhibition of Artist Steve Wolfe

Sculptures and Photographs by Anthony Pearson at David Kordansky Gallery

The National Gallery of Canada Creates Special Programs to Celebrate Winterlude

National Museum Cardiff Announces Exhibition of Ancient Rock Carvings from Dazu, China

First Large-Scale Exhibition of Contemporary Taiwanese Art in Hungarian Region Opens

Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art Honorary Patrons Scheme Launched by Bryan Ferry

Michelle Obama Presents Highest Honors for Museums to Japanese American National Museum

Bonhams to Sell King Baudouin of Belgium's Aston Martin at the Grand Palais

Merseyside Maritime Museum's Sailortown Project: Casting Light on Vanished World

Crafts Council Announces Exhibitors for Collect 2011 at London's Saatchi Gallery

Definitive Royal Ontario Museum Book on Iconic Canadian Artist Now in Stores

The Tyler Museum of Art Presents an Exhibition of The Tile Club-Artists of America's Aesthetic Movement

Kahmann Gallery Presents "Talents of the Royal College of Art"

Manuscripts by Composers Such as Mozart and Beethoven, Available on The Morgan Library & Museum's Web Site

Spectacular 1882 $20 Gold Certificate Headlines Heritage Tampa FUN Currency Auction

Sharon Egretta Sutton, FAIA, Selected as 2011 Recipient of the Whitney M. Young Jr. Award

December 19, 2010

The Three Graces by Lucas Cranach Join the Collections of the Louvre Museum

The Malcolm Forbes Toy Collection Brings $2.4 Million at Sotheby's New York

Frick Collection Announces an Exhibition of Developments in Picasso's Drawings

3-D: Focus on the Figure Sculpture Exhibition Opens at the Flint Institute of Arts

Three Generations of Wyeth Paintings on View at the Phillbrook Museum of Art in Tulsa

Administrators of France's Versailles to Lease Nearby Building for Use as a Hotel

Valencian Institute for Modern Art Dedicates Exhibition to Paolo Riani: A World of Architects

Double Solo Show at Centre of Contemporary Art Features Martin Sulzer and Barthélémy Toguo

The Annual New York Jewish Film Festival Returns for Its 20th Anniversary in January

The Work of Artist, Writer and Experimental Geographer Trevor Paglen Displayed at Secession

BFI Gallery Presents an Exhibition Dedicated to Dancer and Choreographer Yvonne Rainer

Minneapolis Institute of Arts Takes New Approach to Education; Creates Director of Learning Role

Pinakothek der Moderne Presents Edition 46 Designed by Hans-Peter Feldmann

Advancing Tradition: Twenty Years of Printmaking at Flatbed Press on View at Austin Museum of Art

Modern Art Oxford Presents a Solo Exhibition of New and Recent Sculptures by British Artist Thomas Houseago

Wagner + Partner Present Miklos Gaal: Selbstvergessenheit "Mental State of Immersion"

'Groundbreaking' Paperless Eco Comics Announced by Mohawk Media

"The Working White House" Exhibit on Display at the Jimmy Carter Library & Museum

La Salle University Art Museum Awarded Conservation Project Support Grant from the IMLS

Biennale of Sydney Announces Penelope Seidler AM as New Board Director

December 18, 2010

Loans from all Over Europe Form a Comprehensive Picture of Napoleon and His Time

Frank Gehry's Design for University of Technology, Sydney Envisions a New Kind of Business School

Sotheby's Doha Auction 'Hurouf: The Art of the Word' Realises Above High Estimate, Total of $5.6 Million

Exhibitions: World Museums Unite for Dulwich Picture Gallery's 200th Anniversary

Galerie Lelong Presents An Exhibition of Paintings by Five Emerging and Mid-Career Artists

Lee Harvey Oswald's Simple Wooden Coffin Sells for $87,469 to Mystery Bidder

MoMA Presents Andy Warhol's Influential Early Film-Based Works on a Large Scale

After More than 30 Years ABBA Returns to Sydney at the Powerhouse Museum

Renovation and Extension of Royal Museum of Fine Arts Antwerp to Last from 2011 to 2017

Pierre Huyghe is the 2010 Winner of the Smithsonian American Art Museum's Contemporary Artist Award

Exhibition of Rarely-Seen Drawings Explore Noted Sculptor, Tony Smith's Early Work at the Menil Collection

Esther Mañas and Arash Moori Present Invoking a Demon Landscape at Espai 13 by Fundació Joan Miró

Foam in Amsterdam Presents a Retrospective Containing Work by W. Eugene Smith

Moscow Museum of Modern Art Presents Cultural Exchange Project: VoTH

Ground-Breaking Exhibition of Contemporary 21st Century International Art at GoMA

Two Evocative Paintings of Welsh Landscapes to be Auctioned at Bonhams

The National Museum of Women in the Arts Presents P(art)ners: Gifts from the Heather and Tony Podesta Collection

SFMOMA Announces 2010 SECA Award Winners

Raptor-like Dinosaur Discovered in Eastern Utah

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Image of a Christ without a beard, short hair and wearing a toga unearthed in Spain

2.- Giant mosaic unearthed in mysterious tomb in Amphipolis in northern Macedonia

3.- Bonhams sale of 18th century French decorative arts to benefit Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco

4.- Paris flustered by erection of 'sex-toy' sculpture; Paul McCarthy slapped by a passer-by

5.- High art or vile pornography? Marquis de Sade explored in Orsay museum exhibition

6.- 'Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection' opens at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

7.- Greek culture minister says Elgin Marbles return a matter of 'global heritage'

8.- Vandals deflate Paris 'sex-toy' sculpture by American artist Paul McCarthy after outrage

9.- Exhibition at National Gallery in London explores Rembrandt's final years of painting

10.- 'Hans Memling: A Flemish Renaissance' opens at the Scuderie del Quirinale in Rome

Related Stories



Bruce Museum Acquires Sculpture by Gaston Lachaise

Exhibition of Full Size Photographs of Abraham Lincoln to Open at the Bruce Museum

2,000 Years of Geography and Mapping at the Bruce Museum

Art, Travel, and Modernity Featured in New Exhibition at the Bruce Museum

28th Annual Bruce Museum Outdoor Arts Festival will Take Place in October



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site