The artistic career of Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919), one of the leading figures of Impressionism, is characterised by an all-absorbing passion for painting that led him to achieve great renown and popularity among his contemporaries. The outstanding group of 31 works by the artist, which are the finest among the collection of paintings by Renoir assembled by the American collector Robert Sterling Clark (1877-1956), founder of the Sterling and Francine Clark Institute (Williamstown), will be displayed at the Prado
in the first monographic exhibition to be held on the artist in Spain.
The core of the collection of paintings from the Clark Institute originates in the large group of Impressionist works assembled by Sterling and Francine Clark over the course of four decades. For the Clarks, Pierre-Auguste Renoir represented the quintessence of Impressionism and as a result they acquired more than 35 of his paintings, including some of his most important creations. Among them are the Self-portrait (ca.1875), a painting whose technique departs from Renoirs habitual delicacy to offer a notably powerful expressivity; Portrait of Madame Monet (ca.1874), which spans the boundary between portraiture and genre painting and deploys an unconventional type of fragmented brushstroke; The Wash-House at Bas-Meudon (ca.1874), and The Bridge at Chatou (ca.1875), which are highly experimental landscapes dating from Renoirs finest Impressionist period; La Loge (The Theatre Box) (1880), which uses strong tonal contrasts of blacks and whites and avoids the predominantly blue palette that had characterised Renoirs work over the previous five years; Peonies (ca.1880), one of the artists most magnificent flower paintings and an example of the way in which he delighted in filling his canvases to the edges without leaving any empty space; Onions (1881), a fluidly painted and informal but carefully structured composition that was Sterling Clarks favourite work by the artist; and The Bath (Girl arranging her Hair) (1885), one of the most precisely and exquisitely drawn of Renoirs figures and the culmination of his mastery of the Impressionist technique.
Through this exceptional loan of almost the entire collection, which will be shown for the first time as group outside the Clark Institute, the exhibition will allow the Spanish public to appreciate the breadth and importance of Renoirs ideas through works from the most important phases of his career, between 1874 and 1900, and through the principal genres in which he worked, namely portraiture, the female figure, the nude, landscape, still life and flowers. These works reveal the contribution made by Renoir to painting of his own day as well as the profound nature of his links to the great pictorial traditions of the past.
As with all the Impressionists, Renoir is an artist barely represented in Spanish public collections with the sole exception of the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, which, like the Clark Art Institute, has its origins in a private collection.
The Clark Institute was founded in the city of Williamstown (Massachusetts) through the generous patronage of the Clarks. The Institutes Museum opened in 1955. The Impressionist paintings are especially notable among its rich and diverse holdings, while particularly outstanding within that group are the works by Renoir that form the basis of the present exhibition.