The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Thursday, December 18, 2014


Vatican Apostolic Library Reopens to Scholars After Three-Year and $11.5 Million Restoration
A view of the Vatican Apostolic Library, Vatican City, Monday, Sept. 13, 2010. The Vatican's Apostolic Library is reopening to scholars following a three-year renovation to improve its cataloguing and security measures. The library, which houses one of the world's best collections of illuminated manuscripts, opens its doors Sept. 20. Details will be announced Monday at a press conference. The library was started by Pope Nicholas V in the 1450's with an initial 350 Latin manuscripts. By the time Nicholas died in 1455, the collection had swelled to about 1,500 codices and was the largest in Europe. Today, the Vatican Library has about 65,000 manuscripts as well as the "Codex B", the oldest known complete Bible, dating from about 325 A.D. and believed to have been one of the 50 bibles Emperor Constantine commissioned. AP Photo/Pier Paolo Cito.

By: Nicole Winfield, Associated Press Writer

VATICAN CITY (AP).- The Vatican's Apostolic Library is reopening to scholars following a three-year, euro9-million ($11.5- million) renovation to install climate-controlled rooms for its precious manuscripts and state-of-the-art security measures to prevent theft and loss.

The library, started by Pope Nicholas V in the 1450s, houses one of the world's best collections of illuminated manuscripts. It includes the oldest known complete Bible, dating from about 325 and believed to have been one of the 50 bibles commissioned by Emperor Constantine, the first Christian Roman leader.

It reopens its frescoed halls to scholars Sept. 20. Library officials took pains to note that the renovation work was completed on time — a rarity in Italy but also an acknowledgment of the inconvenience the three-year closure caused many scholars who had to suspend their research while its collections of tens of thousands of volumes were in storage.

Cardinal Raffaele Farina, the Vatican's chief librarian, thanked those researchers "who understood the reason for the closure."

"Given the amount of what had to be done — the noise and the intrusiveness of the technical and construction work necessary — we decided the library inevitably had to close," Farina told reporters Monday inside the frescoed Sistine Hall.

Some 4,000 to 5,000 scholars are given permission to conduct research in the library every year; access is generally restricted to academics conducting post-graduate level research. None of the items in the library can be checked out, and rules for working inside are strict: No pens, food or even mineral water are allowed in the manuscript reading room.

Researchers will now find improved communications and elevator access to the Vatican's vast collections, as well as a new tower inside the Vatican's Belvedere Courtyard to ferry manuscripts from their bomb-proof bunker to climate-controlled consultation rooms. Inside the bunker itself, fire-proof and dust-proof floors and walls were installed to further protect the manuscripts.

The library's 70,000 books have been outfitted with computer chips to prevent loss and theft, closed-circuit cameras have been installed and new automated entry and exit gates keep tabs on who is coming in and going out.

The security measures stem in part from an incident in which an Ohio State University art history professor, Anthony Melnikas, smuggled pages torn from a 14th-century Vatican manuscript that once belonged to Petrarch. He was sentenced in 1996 to 14 months in prison after admitting he took the pages during a research visit in 1987.

The library was started by Pope Nicholas V with an initial 350 Latin manuscripts. By the time Nicholas died in 1455, the collection had swelled to about 1,500 codices and was the largest in Europe.

Today, the Vatican Library has about 150,000 volumes of manuscripts as well as the "Codex B" — the oldest known complete Bible.

During a presentation and tour of the library Monday, officials showed off a replica of the illuminated Urbino Bible, produced for the Duke of Urbino in 1476-78 by David and Dominico Ghirlandaio and others. The bible, one of the finest works of art in the 15th century, is said to contain over a kilo of gold in its illustrated pages.

Italian cement company Italcement paid a hefty chunk of the euro9 million renovation price tag while savings and private donations funded the rest, Farina said.

The Apostolic Library is next door to the Vatican's Secret Archives, which contain centuries of Vatican diplomatic correspondence and papal documentation. Citing frequent Dan Brown-inspired confusion, officials stressed Monday that the collections and institutions are different.



Copyright 2010 The Associated Press.

The Vatican's Apostolic Library | Pope Nicholas V | Cardinal Raffaele Farina |




Last Week News

September 13, 2010

Landmark Exhibition of Siqueiros Landscape Paintings at the Museum of Latin American Art

A Remarkable Roman Bronze Helmet, Found with a Metal Detector, to Be Offered at Christie's

Pablo Picasso Graphics Museum Celebrates 10th Anniversary, Changes Name

Medal Awarded to Carpathia Crew for Rescue of Titanic Survivors to Sell at Bonhams

Tom Leighton "Appropiation of Space" Opens at Cynthia Corbett Gallery

Origins and Mysteries of the Inca's Gold Explored in New Exhibition at Pinacothèque de Paris

Sotheby's Announces Third Offering From The James S. Copley Library

Art of the 1980s: A Düsseldorf Perspective at Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen

Gallery's Detective Work Shows Two Portraits Painted at the Same Time

Works by Ryan Leigh, Sam Knowles and Nick Bailey at Simon Oldfield Gallery

Strong Group of Works by The Glasgow Boys to Open Sotheby's London Sale of Scottish Pictures

"Notorious & Notable" Fashion Exhibit Pays Homage to New York Style Icons

Bay Area Artist Nellie King Solomon Exhibits at Brian Gross Fine Art

Solo Exhibition of Photographic Project by Andrzej Maciejewski Opens at Sticks Cultural Centre

New Art Collection Arrives at Four Seasons Hotel in Washington

Elements, Objects and Groupings by Jean-Pascal Flavien at Galerie Michel Rein

Jack Rutberg Fine Arts Presents U.S. Debut Exhibition by Spanish Artist Jordi Alcaraz

Pedro Barateiro's "Theatre of Hunters" at Kunsthalle Basel

First Museum Exhibition in Switzerland of Work by Eccentric Landscape Artist Carl Wilhelm Kolbe

Second Solo Exhibition for Eric Fertman at Susan Inglett Gallery

Twenty Works on Canvas and Paper by Joan Mitchell at Manny Silverman Gallery

New Works by Jennifer Steinkamp at Lehmann Maupin

Retrospective Exhibition Marks the Centennial of Morris Graves' Birthday

Faith Ringgold's Paintings of the 1960s are the Focus of an Exhibition

The Meadows Museum Presents El Greco's Monumental Painting, Pentecost

A Year in the Painting Life of Joan Snyder at Cuningham Gallery

Duncan Miller Gallery Shows Both Sides of Ansel Adams Dispute

"Nueva York" Turns Lens South to New York Hispanic Roots

Tate Announces First Major Retrospective of Joan Miró in Fifty Years

Hot Dogs, Lobbies, Football and Ouagadougou at PDNB Gallery

European Abstraction Post World War II Opens at Bechtler Museum of Modern Art

Tallest Free-Standing Bronze in London to Be Installed on Tuesday

British Museum Gets $38 Million Gift from John Sainsbury

September 12, 2010

Comprehensive Nam June Paik Retrospective Opens at Museum Kunst Palast in Dusseldorf

Tate Announces First Major Retrospective of Joan Miró in Fifty Years

The Meadows Museum Presents El Greco's Monumental Painting, Pentecost

Duncan Miller Gallery Shows Both Sides of Ansel Adams Dispute

"Nueva York" Turns Lens South to New York Hispanic Roots

New Works by Jennifer Steinkamp at Lehmann Maupin

Tallest Free-Standing Bronze in London to Be Installed on Tuesday

Twenty Works on Canvas and Paper by Joan Mitchell at Manny Silverman Gallery

Faith Ringgold's Paintings of the 1960s are the Focus of an Exhibition

European Abstraction Post World War II Opens at Bechtler Museum of Modern Art

Retrospective Exhibition Marks the Centennial of Morris Graves' Birthday

A Year in the Painting Life of Joan Snyder at Cuningham Gallery

Hot Dogs, Lobbies, Football and Ouagadougou at PDNB Gallery

British Museum Gets $38 Million Gift

Neuberger Museum of Art Presents 40-Year Survey of Pat Steir's Exploration of Drawing

Fine Chinese Paintings Autumn Sale 2010 Announced at Sotheby's

Sotheby's Hong Kong Announces Autumn Contemporary Asian Art Sale

Dusseldorf's Quadriennale 2010 Opens with Joseph Beuys Exhibition

Large-Scale Installation by Sol LeWitt at Gladstone Gallery in Brussels

Exhibition of Paintings and Works on Paper by Lari Pittman at Regen Projects

Artists Explore Otherworldly Depths of the Imagination in New Exhibition

Gasser Grunert Gallery Presents Tim Rodas "Games of Antiquities"

Contemporary Art Foundation Announces New Director of Development

Side by Side: Oberlin's Masterworks at the Phillips Collection

Exhibition Focuses on Berlin's Weimar Era in Jeanne Mammen: City of Women

Science, Religion and Politics: The Royal Society at the National Portrait Gallery

New Embroidery Paintings and Sculpture by Angelo Filomeno at Galerie Lelong

Works by David Kapp and Tom Burckhardt at Tibor de Nagy Gallery

New Works by Chinese Artist Liao Yibai at Mike Weiss Gallery

'Easy Riders' On Display in Massey Gallery Exhibition

Le Mont Rouge: Large Contemporary Sculpture Installed at the University of Utah

September 11, 2010

Brazilian Architect Oscar Niemeyer Receives the Order of Arts and Letters Award

Sotheby's Hong Kong Announces Autumn Contemporary Asian Art Sale

Dusseldorf's Quadriennale 2010 Opens with Joseph Beuys Exhibition

New Embroidery Paintings and Sculpture by Angelo Filomeno at Galerie Lelong

Large-Scale Installation by Sol LeWitt at Gladstone Gallery in Brussels

Side by Side: Oberlin's Masterworks at the Phillips Collection

Science, Religion and Politics: The Royal Society at the National Portrait Gallery

Contemporary Art Foundation Announces New Director of Development and Communications

Fine Chinese Paintings Autumn Sale 2010 Announced at Sotheby's

Artists Explore Otherworldly Depths of the Imagination in New Exhibition

Gasser Grunert Gallery Presents Tim Rodas "Games of Antiquities"

Exhibition of Paintings and Works on Paper by Lari Pittman at Regen Projects

Exhibition Focuses on Berlin's Weimar Era in Jeanne Mammen: City of Women

Bonhams Sells Royal British Legion Replica Spitfire Ahead of Auction

Debbie Reynolds' Hollywood Memorabilia Set for Auction

Experimental Filmmaker Ben Russell Exhibits at Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago

Whitney Site-Specific Installation Designed by Barbara Kruger Now On View

Radical New Installation by Yoko Ono at Haunch of Venison in Berlin

Cyrus the Great Artifact to Be Displayed in Iran's National Museum

Curate Your Own Membership: A New Approach to Museum Membership at the Whitney

Artists Protest Looming Cuts to United Kingdom Culture Budget

Christie's to Offer the Magnificent Art Collection of Computing Pioneer Max Palevsky

Tate Liverpool Announces René Magritte: The Pleasure Principle

Modern Science Reveals Secrets of Nelson-Atkins 2,500-Year-Old Mummy

First Century of Research at Teotihuacan to Be Celebrated

California-Based Artist Ingrid Calame Exhibits at James Cohan Gallery

Sotheby's Announces a Special Exhibition in New York

Major Presentation of the German Artist Anselm Kiefer at Louisiana

Sotheby's Announces an Exceptional Array of Greek Art this Winter

Revolution Museum Settles on Philadelphia After 11 Years

September 10, 2010

Sotheby's London To Hold a Sale of Magnificent Books, Manuscripts and Drawings

Major Presentation of the German Artist Anselm Kiefer at Louisiana

Sotheby's Announces an Exceptional Array of Greek Art this Winter

Christie's to Offer the Magnificent Art Collection of Computing Pioneer Max Palevsky

Curate Your Own Membership: A New Approach to Museum Membership at the Whitney

Artists Protest Looming Cuts to United Kingdom Culture Budget

Radical New Installation by Yoko Ono at Haunch of Venison in Berlin

Tate Liverpool Announces René Magritte: The Pleasure Principle

Cyrus the Great Artifact to Be Displayed in Iran's National Museum

Sotheby's Announces a Special Exhibition in New York

California-Based Artist Ingrid Calame Exhibits at James Cohan Gallery

First Century of Research at Teotihuacan to Be Celebrated

Modern Science Reveals Secrets of Nelson-Atkins 2,500-Year-Old Mummy

Revolution Museum Settles on Philadelphia After 11 Years

The Phillips Collection Launches "Give by Cell" Campaign to Support Repairs

Tate Proves Value of Public Investment by Sharing its Collection

10,000 Lives: The Eight Gwangjou Biennale Now Open to the Public

Solo Quintet (1897-1979): A New Exhibition by Tim Lee at Lisson Gallery

Baghdad, 5 March 2007: A New Display with Jeremy Deller

"Girl with an iPod" is Visitors' Favorite Painting at BP Portrait Award Exhibition

Virginia Philanthropist, Art Collector, Billionaire John Kluge Dies

Sotheby's Announces Contemporary Asian Art Autumn Sale

Scientists Find Fossil of a New Dinosaur that Sports a Noticeable Hump

Tourist Crowds Threaten Vatican's Sistine Chapel Says Vatican Museums Chief

Skeleton of 18th Century Whale Found by Archaeologists in London

Krannert Art Museum Focuses Exhibition on Chicago Imagism

Adi Da Samraj "Orpheus and Linead" Opens at Sundaram Tagore Gallery

Astronomical Observation to Be Held at Tula Archaeological Zone

Co-Owner of Missing Corot Painting Charged with Fraud

Dutch Archive Finds Stock Share from 1606

September 9, 2010

Takashi Murakami's Brightly-Colored Pop Art Arrives at the Château de Versailles

Tourist Crowds Threaten Vatican's Sistine Chapel Says Vatican Museums Chief

Scientists Find Fossil of a New Dinosaur that Sports a Noticeable Hump

Skeleton of 18th Century Whale Found by Archaeologists in London

Baghdad, 5 March 2007: A New Display with Jeremy Deller

"Girl with an iPod" is Visitors' Favorite Painting at BP Portrait Award Exhibition

Virginia Philanthropist, Art Collector, Billionaire John Kluge Dies

Krannert Art Museum Focuses Exhibition on Chicago Imagism

Adi Da Samraj "Orpheus and Linead" Opens at Sundaram Tagore Gallery

Astronomical Observation to Be Held at Tula Archaeological Zone

Sotheby's Announces Contemporary Asian Art Autumn Sale

Solo Quintet (1897-1979): A New Exhibition by Tim Lee at Lisson Gallery

Sotheby's London To Hold a Sale of Magnificent Books, Manuscripts and Drawings

Jan Six Portrait by Rembrandt on Display at the Rijksmuseum

Exhibition of New Paintings by Allen Jones at Marlborough Fine Art

Post-War American Art: The Novak/O'Doherty Collection at IMMA

Group Exhibition Featuring Works on Paper at Timothy Taylor Gallery

Tony Blair Book Party at Tate Modern Postponed Due to Demonstrators

Study Reveals that Elite of Yaxchilan Produced Exclusive Handcrafts

Major Eadweard Muybridge Retrospective Opens at Tate Britain

Sotheby's Hong Kong to Hold 20th Century Chinese Art Autumn Sale in October

The Royal Photographic Society Awards Centenary Medal to Albert Watson

Dallas Museum of Art Discovers George Romney Painting in the Collections

Exceptional Works of South Asian Art to Be Auctioned at Sotheby's

American Artist Suzan Frecon Presents New Paintings at David Zwirner

Grand Rapids Awaits ArtPrize Crowds, Back for a Second Year

Royal Academy to Examine British Sculpture of the 20th Century

2010 No Dead Artists National Juried Exhibition Opens Group Show

Drawings and a New Sculpture by Rachel Whiteread at Gagosian in London

The Hammer and LAXART Join Forces to Organize the First Los Angeles Biennial

MoMA Announces Exhibition that Explores the Radical Transformation of Drawing

September 8, 2010

National Art Museum of China Opens Major Exhibition of Masterpieces of Italian Futurism

Dallas Museum of Art Discovers George Romney Painting in the Collections

Major Eadweard Muybridge Retrospective Opens at Tate Britain

Royal Academy to Examine British Sculpture of the 20th Century

Study Reveals that Elite of Yaxchilan Produced Exclusive Handcrafts

Group Exhibition Featuring Works on Paper at Timothy Taylor Gallery

Tony Blair Book Party at Tate Modern Postponed Due to Demonstrators

Exhibition of New Paintings by Allen Jones at Marlborough Fine Art

Post-War American Art: The Novak/O'Doherty Collection at IMMA

Jan Six Portrait by Rembrandt on Display at the Rijksmuseum

American Artist Suzan Frecon Presents New Paintings at David Zwirner

Exceptional Works of South Asian Art to Be Auctioned at Sotheby's

Grand Rapids Awaits ArtPrize Crowds, Back for a Second Year

Strong Selection of Prints by Modern and Contemporary Masters at Sotheby's

Sotheby's Modern & Contemporary Southeast Paintings Sale Announced

Ernesto Neto "Intimacy" at the Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art

Ancient City by the Sea, Leukaspis or Antiphrae, Rises Amid Egypt's Resorts

Construction Work to Start on The Photographers' Gallery

Bowes Museum Reunites Two Important Works for New Display

Major Collection of Work from Iconic Modern Jewellery Designer Andrew Grima to Be Offered by Bonhams

Sotheby's Hong Kong to Hold 20th Century Chinese Art Autumn Sale in October

The Royal Photographic Society Awards Centenary Medal to Albert Watson

30 Pieces of Photographic Works by Chinese Artists Maleonn and Jiang Pengyi at Blindspot Gallery

The Cleveland Museum of Art Announces Newest Acquisitions

The Art Loss Register Welcomes MaryKate Cleary and Julia Rickmeyer

Galerie Priska Pasquer Celebrates 10th Anniversary with Rinko Kawauchi Exhibition

Hundreds of Looted Artifacts from Museums Returned to Iraq

Christie's to Present a Three-Week Exhibition of Contemporary Art from China

Historic Sites Go Beyond Glorifying Great Men

Posters Created in the German Democratic Republic at Grey Art Gallery

World Trade Center Steel Column Installed at 9/11 Museum

Indianapolis Museum of Art to Present US Pavilion at Venice Biennale

MCA Names James Goggin Director of Design, Print, and Digital Media

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- 'Stuart Little' helps lost Hungarian painting come home after nine decades

2.- 23,000 year-old limestone statuette of a woman found by archaeologists in France

3.- 42-year-old Russian tourist fined 20,000 euros for defacing Rome's Colosseum

4.- Archaeologists find ancient coins in enormous tomb at Amphipolis in northern Greece

5.- World's richest resource of Japanese stencils for dyeing samurai kimonos rediscovered

6.- Khan Academy to carry extensive content created by Met Museum based on its world-renowned collection

7.- The Weston Cast Court: Victoria & Albert Museum opens refurbished Italian Cast Court

8.- Six final concept designs for Guggenheim Helsinki Design Competition unveiled

9.- France returns 250 illegally imported antiquities seized by customs officials to Egypt

10.- Exhibition at the Prado Museum explores Goya's extraordinary series of tapestry cartoons



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site