The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Monday, July 28, 2014


Posters Created in the German Democratic Republic at Grey Art Gallery
Karla Woisnitza, What Falls Remains. Works by Karla Woisnitza, Galerie Johannes Zielke, Berlin, September 16–October 10, 1990. Silkscreen over collage, 17-55, 20 5/8 x 27 1/4 in. Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz.
NEW YORK, NY.- New York University’s Grey Art Gallery presents the first American museum exhibition of artists’ posters created in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) during the 23-year period preceding reunification. Opening on September 7, Künstlerplakate: Artists’ Posters from East Germany, 1967–1990 showcases more than 120 examples that were produced and circulated primarily in the country’s three principal art centers: Dresden, Leipzig, and Karl-Marx-Stadt (now Chemnitz). These artists’ posters―Künstlerplakate in German―reveal the art form’s evolution from early examples in the 1960s to impressive highpoints in the late 1980s. Drawn entirely from the extensive collections of and organized by the Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz, the exhibition also demonstrates the wide range of styles employed by East German artists.

Künstlerplakate function both as advertisements for cultural events and works of art in their own right, with most printed either by or in the presence of the artist. Limiting the editions to less than 100 copies, painters, sculptors, and graphic artists were, for the most part, able to bypass strict GDR censorship boards. While painting—with its associations of bourgeois conspicuous consumption―was discouraged by Communist officials, printmaking and graphic design―with their emphasis on reproducibility and visual communication―were encouraged. Artists’ posters thus provided a potent vehicle for individual expression and experimentation. Despite pressure to conform to the dictates of socialist realism, East German artists were challenged to produce creative and engaging posters while skirting the edges of ideological orthodoxy. Over time, GDR printing policies and censorship standards eased; a majority of the posters featured in Künstlerplakate date from the 1980s and many obliquely address the stifled promise of East German Communism.

“The Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz is thrilled to share these remarkable and vibrant posters with New York audiences,” states Ingrid Mössinger, executive director of the complex of museums located in Chemnitz, a major city in Saxony, and co-curator of the exhibition with Katharina Metz. “The posters, over 100 of which were donated to the Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz by collectors Margrit and Gert Becker, demonstrate that the East German art scene was much more diverse than previously assumed. They also offer eloquent testimony to what artists had to cope with and what they suffered at the time,” observe Mössinger and Metz.

With tightly restricted access to Western newspapers, art magazines, and television, GDR artists had limited exposure to contemporary international art developments and turned their attention to historical avant-gardes. During the 1950s, impassioned debates about the proper role of the visual arts in East German culture flared regularly, pitting realism against formalism and abstraction. By the mid-1970s, artists were incorporating new techniques such as offset lithography and silkscreen. Posters produced throughout the 1980s until the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 reveal East German artists’ interest in experimental art as censorship standards began to relax.

While the GDR sponsored “official” artists whose work met specific criteria and paid them a monthly stipend for living expenses, those outside this network had to support themselves via other means. They also faced significant obstacles in finding exhibition spaces. Before the founding of the state-run network of galleries—the Staatlichen Kunsthandel der DDR—in the late 1970s, this challenge was partly resolved through the establishment of public print fairs and markets. These venues provided exposure as well as an income stream for artists unable to secure state-funded commissions. A number of unofficial artists’ groups were also founded, including Autoperforation Artists, Dresdner Sezession 89, and Clara Mosch. The latter, whose name derived from the first few letters of the last names of its members―Carlfriedrich Claus, Thomas Ranft and Dagmar Ranft-Schinke, Michael Morgner, and Gregor Thorsten Schade―staged events in the spirit of Happenings, Fluxus, and performance art—which were known primarily through journals and magazines surreptitiously imported from the West. The group also operated an alternative gallery space in Chemnitz in the late 1970s and early ’80s.

Carlfriedrich Claus, widely considered one of the most important “unofficial” artists in East Germany, was also a poet and philosopher who earned a living copying musical scores. In the poster he designed to promote an exhibition at Städtische Museen Karl-Marx-Stadt (now the Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz) of his Sprachblätter (language sheets), he explores the intersection of text and image along with the graphic possibilities of noise as the source of music and gesture as the source of the alphabet.

Gerhard Altenbourg is another prominent East German artist in the postwar period. The poster promoting an exhibition of his woodcuts at Schloss Hinterglauchau in 1976 reproduces one of his brightly colored prints depicting a yellow lyre, green mountains, and a red zoomorphic form. Recognizing that Altenbourg’s artworks were in dialogue with contemporary Western art trends, local Communist Party officials attempted to prevent the show from opening. Although the public was finally allowed to view it, catalogue sales were restricted.

Künstlerplakate produced near the close of the 1980s reveal the uncertainty of the times. For his poster advertising his show at the Galerie Eigen+Art in 1990, Holger Fickelscherer combines the bold black, white, and red of early Communist propaganda posters with a Western cultural icon—Mickey Mouse. As a grimacing figure shovels a pile of Mickeys into the locomotive’s combustion chamber, the phrase “Lustig Lustig” (“Merrily Merrily”) appears above in a billowing cloud of smoke, signaling East Germany’s pending reunification with the West and its full-speed-ahead move into the global economy. Founded in 1983 by Gerd Harry “Judy” Lybke, Galerie Eigen+Art occupied a central position in the Leipzig art scene and operated under the radar until the end of the decade, offering often-controversial exhibitions and programs.

Grey Art Gallery | Künstlerplakate | Posters from East Germany |


Today's News

September 8, 2010

National Art Museum of China Opens Major Exhibition of Masterpieces of Italian Futurism

Dallas Museum of Art Discovers George Romney Painting in the Collections

Major Eadweard Muybridge Retrospective Opens at Tate Britain

Royal Academy to Examine British Sculpture of the 20th Century

Study Reveals that Elite of Yaxchilan Produced Exclusive Handcrafts

Group Exhibition Featuring Works on Paper at Timothy Taylor Gallery

Tony Blair Book Party at Tate Modern Postponed Due to Demonstrators

Exhibition of New Paintings by Allen Jones at Marlborough Fine Art

Post-War American Art: The Novak/O'Doherty Collection at IMMA

Jan Six Portrait by Rembrandt on Display at the Rijksmuseum

American Artist Suzan Frecon Presents New Paintings at David Zwirner

Exceptional Works of South Asian Art to Be Auctioned at Sotheby's

Grand Rapids Awaits ArtPrize Crowds, Back for a Second Year

Sotheby's Hong Kong to Hold 20th Century Chinese Art Autumn Sale in October

The Royal Photographic Society Awards Centenary Medal to Albert Watson

Strong Selection of Prints by Modern and Contemporary Masters at Sotheby's

Sotheby's Modern & Contemporary Southeast Paintings Sale Announced

Ernesto Neto "Intimacy" at the Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art

Ancient City by the Sea, Leukaspis or Antiphrae, Rises Amid Egypt's Resorts

Construction Work to Start on The Photographers' Gallery

Bowes Museum Reunites Two Important Works for New Display

Major Collection of Work from Iconic Modern Jewellery Designer Andrew Grima to Be Offered by Bonhams

30 Pieces of Photographic Works by Chinese Artists Maleonn and Jiang Pengyi at Blindspot Gallery

The Cleveland Museum of Art Announces Newest Acquisitions

The Art Loss Register Welcomes MaryKate Cleary and Julia Rickmeyer

Galerie Priska Pasquer Celebrates 10th Anniversary with Rinko Kawauchi Exhibition

Hundreds of Looted Artifacts from Museums Returned to Iraq

Christie's to Present a Three-Week Exhibition of Contemporary Art from China

Historic Sites Go Beyond Glorifying Great Men

Posters Created in the German Democratic Republic at Grey Art Gallery

World Trade Center Steel Column Installed at 9/11 Museum

Indianapolis Museum of Art to Present US Pavilion at Venice Biennale

MCA Names James Goggin Director of Design, Print, and Digital Media

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Archaeologists discover Roman 'free choice' cemetery in the 2,700-year-old ancient port of Rome

2.- Romanians must pay 18 million euros over Kunsthal Museum Rotterdam art heist

3.- Hello Kitty designer Yuko Yamaguchi defends cute character as cat turns 40 years old

4.- eBay and Sotheby's partner to bring world class art and collectibles to a global community

5.- Exhibition on Screen returns with new series of films bringing great art to big screens across the globe

6.- Marina Abramović reaches half way point of her '512 Hours' performance at the Serpentine Gallery

7.- The Phillips Collection in Washington introduces a uCurate app for curating on-the-go

8.- United States comic icon Archie Andrews dies saving openly gay character

9.- New feathered predatory fossil, unearthed in China, sheds light on dinosaur flight

10.- Exhibition at Thyssen Bornemisza Museum presents an analysis of the concept of the 'unfinished'

Related Stories



First Retrospective of Artist and Critic Lil Picard Debuts at Grey Art Gallery

NYU Exhibition Presents Vital Snapshots of the Downtown Scene



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Rmz. - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site