|Chinese Ceramics, Culture and Commerce on View at the Norton Museum of Art |
Ewer (kendi) made for the Persian (now Iran) market. Ming dynasty, Wanli period (15731619). Porcelain, underglaze cobalt blue decoration. Height 7 ½ in. (19.1 cm). Gift of Leo and Doris Hodroff, 2002.109.1-.2
WEST PALM BEACH, FL.- On the Silk Road and the High Seas: Chinese Ceramics, Culture and Commerce examines why Chinese ceramics were such prized commodities, both at home and abroad. Examples of proto-porcelain appeared in China about 3,000 years ago and hard-paste porcelain began to be made around 1,800 years ago. This precious product was sometimes called white gold, especially in the West. Foreign trade and changing domestic markets played a role in stimulating Chinese potters to continually reinvent their repertoire of shapes and decorative techniques. These exchanges also illuminate important episodes in cultural history.
The earliest era of Chinese trade with lands to the west began over 2,000 years ago. Before there was a Silk Road, Chinese records refer to a Jade Road where traders from the East and West met at the oasis of Khotan in Central Asia. There the Chinese acquired the type of gemstone they valued most. From the 1st through the 14th century overland and maritime exchanges of ideas and goods between China, the Mediterranean world, Japan, and Central and Southeast Asia were never controlled by a single political power. The overland road for much of its length was a fragile chain stretched across inhospitable desert and mountain terrain. Ships sailed unpredictable seas from one small city-state to another. Many were swept off course and sank, such as two recently discovered cargos of 9th- and 14th-century Chinese ceramics.
During the 18th century a flourishing shipping business, known as the China Trade, developed between Western nations and the Chinese port of Canton in the upper reaches of the Pearl River Delta. Trade concentrated on tea, silk, and inexpensive porcelain. Fancy goods and special orders, like the armorial porcelain and large decorative piecesparticularly punch bowlswere privately traded by ships officers. At this time, the European porcelain industry was in its infancy and production of large pieces of porcelain was problematic there.
Throughout history, the exchange of goods and ideas was never one-sided. Novel ideas from the West fascinated the emperors of the Qing dynasty (16441911) inspiring the creation of imperial wares, such as the pattern known in the West as mille-fleur and in China as wanhuajin. Jesuits working in Chinese imperial workshops were a conduit for European imagery and thoughts, such as the mille-fleur design often depicted in easily transportable 18th-century European engravings. The Chinese version of the mille-fleur motif found favor as a pattern on Yongzheng imperial porcelain (17231735) and continues to be admired in China to this day. On such wares, flowers of the four seasons miraculously bloom at the same time. One reason for the appeal of this design is its association with a pre-existing Chinese proverb foretelling prosperity: May one hundred flowers bloom. Comprised of over 70 objects, On the Silk Road and the High Seas: Chinese Ceramics, Culture and Commerce explores these and other tales, revealing why Chinese ceramics were so desirable at home and abroad.
August 22, 2010
Faulty Alarms Blamed for Van Gogh Theft at Mahmoud Khalil Museum in Egypt
Park Avenue Armory Welcomes Yoshitomo Nara + YNG for Open Studio
Taiwan Craftsman Seeks to Save Millennium-Old World of Chinese Lead Type
European Masterpieces from Leonardo to Schiele Opening Soon at the Royal Academy of Arts
National Galleries of Scotland to Celebrate the Work of William McTaggart
The Morgan to Show Black-and-White Drawings by Roy Lichtenstein
Keith Haring and Andy Warhol to Star in American Pop Art Show
National Portrait Gallery Presents The John Partridge Sketchbook, 1823-27
Exhibition of North African Jewelry and Photography Announced in Philadelphia
James McNeill Whistler Prints on View at the University of Michigan
National Portrait Gallery to Commemorate the 60th Anniversary of "Peanuts" Debut
German Artist and Director Christoph Schlingensief Dies at Age 49
Five Local-Born Artists in UK's Largest Painting Prize
Bonhams Scottish Sale Defies the Recession to Make £1,800,000
Kunsthaus Zürich to Show "Karl Moser: Art and Architecture"
Per Kirkeby Creates Specific Work for Beulas Foundation's Art and Nature Center
Chinese Ceramics, Culture and Commerce on View at the Norton Museum of Art
Arkansas Arts Center Presents Bigger, Better, More: The Art of Viola Frey
Dundee Contemporary Arts Presents New Works by Mary Redmond and Sara MacKillop in Two Solo Exhibitions
Most Popular Last Seven Days
1.- Egypt conservationists to sue over 'botched' Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun mask repair
2.- Scrolls scorched by Vesuvius may be read again thanks to 21st century technology
3.- Italian government seizes more than 5,000 looted antiquities in record 45-million-euro haul
4.- Remains of at least five people found in Alexander the Great-era tomb in Amphipolis
5.- Munich poised to lift ban on Holocaust memorial project known as Stolpersteine
6.- Rare coin records smashed by Heritage Auctions at Florida United Numismatists Convention
7.- Bonhams to offer Alan Turing's hidden manuscript on the foundations of mathematics and computer science
8.- Jane Wilson, painter of luminous landscapes, dies at the age of 90 in New York
9.- First exhibition in the UK to examine Rubens influence on art history opens in London
10.- Paul Simonon presents a series of new paintings at London's Institute of Contemporary Arts
Analia Saban wins Norton Museum of Art's inaugural Rudin Prize
Norton Museum of Art Creates Striking New Exhibition with Pieces from the Miami Beach Fairs
Norton's Monet in Major Exhibition at the Grand Palais, Gauguin Goes to Tate
Norton Museum of Art Presents "Dinotopia: The Fantastical Art of James Gurney"
Hope Alswang Named Executive Director of the Norton Museum of Art
Famed Fashion Photography of Richard Avedon on View at the Norton Museum of Art
Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .
|Royalville Communications, Inc|