NEW YORK, NY.-
Out of the depths of a privately owned and previously unknown archive of drawings by the influential and always controversial postmodern architect Philip Johnson (1906-2005), The Victoria and Albert Museum
(V&A) in London has acquired a drawing of the Madison Avenue façade of the famed AT&T skyscraper in New York City (now Sony Plaza).
The UK s national museum of art and design, the V&A acquired the 7½-foot-tall, hand-drawn drawing of the building with the Chippendale top through Chicago s Wright auction house this past April for $70,000. This is one of the most important architectural works on paper of the second half of the 20th-century, which can now play a significant part in the V&As forthcoming exhibition on Postmodernism, said Glenn Adamson, Head of Graduate Studies in the Victoria and Alberts Research Department. The drawing will appear publicly for the first time in over a quarter-century in Postmodernism: Style and Subversion 1970-1990, opening in 2011.
The AT&T building, completed in 1984, was one of the most significant and widely-debated buildings of its time. This is the primary presentation drawing, and no other exists in any public collection internationally.
The V&A has an extensive collection of 35,000 architectural drawings, but few are by American architects. This is its first acquisition of a work by Philip Johnson. The V&As purchase is also noteworthy because the AT&T presentation drawing is the only work acquired from this privately-held Johnson archive to date.
An extensive private archive. The extent of the private Johnson holdings became known only within the last two years, according to James Frankel and Andrew Ross, partners in the New York-based Construction Practice Group at the law firm of Arent Fox, who represent the anonymous owner.
At first glance, we knew we had come upon something unprecedented, but we had no idea of the treasure we were about to discover, says Frankel. The owners preference is for the entire archive to be transferred but kept together. It deserves to be cared for by a cultural organization that will preserve its integrity and allow the works to be shared with others who are interested in important 20th-century architecture.
Setting the value. Johnsons trove of drawings may well be among the last created in the centuries-old way of practicing architecture that is now essentially gone, notes Ross. In todays world of computer-aided design, the step-by-step drawings, precise standards of draftsmanship, and thought processes that can be seen in an architects sketches, cloud comments, and revisions are no longer discernable deleted by the computer age.
To assess and appraise this extensive holding of tens of thousands of sketches with associated plans and renderings, and sets of photographs (many by Ezra Stoller and Richard Payne), Arent Fox brought in two internationally noted experts: Michael Robinson, an appraiser of architectural materials and 20th-century papers, and Willis Van Devanter, the long-term curator of Paul Mellons archive. Both have advised the Library of Congress on architectural collections. Also consulted was Wilbert Hasbrouck of Chicago s famed Prairie Avenue Bookshop.
When I first saw the Johnson archive, I couldnt believe it, recalls Robinson. Most architectural archives are a huge mess, but here was a complete body of work by a major architectural figure, carefully and meticulously organized and rolled into labeled tubes, project by project. What a rarity! It was obvious that Philip Johnson had a sense of his own legacy and fastidious planner that he was he put a great effort into making sure every step of his process was preserved.
Built and unbuilt projects in the collection. According to Robinson, these works comprise more than 120 separate projects made between 1968 and 1992, Johnsons most productive period, when iconic structures and complexes such as the Crystal Cathedral, PPG Place (Pittsburgh), and Pennzoil Place (Houston) were built.
The collection contains the retained working drawings for at least 50 unbuilt projects, from entire office complexes, airport terminals, hotels, and a casino, to a house in New Canaan (CT) for Johnsons long-time companion, the late David Whitney. Many of this group, Robinson reports, are complete and final, such as Port of America (on the Potomac), London Bridge City , and four office towers for Times Square .
Architect Philip Johnson, who lived to the age of 98, reportedly once said, All architects want to live beyond their deaths. As it turns out, Johnson might yet again have his way.