The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Saturday, April 19, 2014


Robert Capa Exhibition at Círculo de Bellas Artes Focuses on Famous Photograph
A woman stands in front of an image by US-Hungarian photographer Robert Capa (1913-1954) on display in a double exhibition, entitled Gerda Taro / This Is War! Robert Capa At Work, at the Circulo de Bellas Artes center in Madrid. The exhibition, running through 05 September, features over 250 images by both photographers. EPA/MONDELO.
MADRID.- Robert Capa is, without a doubt, one of the leading photographers of the twentieth century. His most striking images—of the Spanish Civil War, of the Sino-Japanese conflict, of World War II—all appeared in the pages of the leading picture magazines of the day. This was the context in which Capa worked and was known, and where he honed his skills as a master of the cinematic photo narrative. This Is War! Robert Capa at Work is a groundbreaking exhibition that reexamines Capa’s innovations as a photojournalist in the 1930s and 1940s. The title of the exhibition is drawn from the headline of a December 3, 1938 Picture Post story including Capa’s images from the Battle of Rio Segre. Never-before-seen photographs and newly discovered documents will illuminate six of Capa’s most important war stories. This Is War! Robert Capa at Work organized by the International Center of Photography (ICP) is on view at the Círculo de Bellas Artes in Madrid.

“At a moment of conflict across the globe, and a decidedly new era in the making and distribution of war images through digital technology, it seems timely to examine the legacy of the photographer who defined the possibility of the medium with his Leica,” said Willis E. Hartshorn, ICP Ehrenkranz Director. “Robert Capa’s best work continues to serve as a benchmark for photojournalists today, and provides the world with some of the most indelible images of the twentieth century’s key conflicts.”

On September 5, 1936, just a month into the Republican struggle against General Franco’s fascist army, the twenty-two-year-old Capa made the most famous image of the Spanish Civil War, Death of a Loyalist Militiaman, Cerro Muriano (Cordoba front), now generally known as The Falling Soldier. This extraordinary picture, first published in Vu, at once became a sensation and was widely published at the time. It subsequently grew in stature to become the ultimate symbol of the Spanish Loyalist fight. However, this iconic image has been the center of much controversy over the context in which it was made. Is it indeed a soldier at his death? Was it staged? This exhibition will show for the first time all the known images taken by Capa on that day and provide new details to help understand the events that resulted in the creation of this iconic photograph.

In 1938, following the tragic death of his photographic partner, Gerda Taro, Capa traveled to China to document that country’s war with Japan, which was widely perceived as the eastern front of the international antifascist struggle. He entered the country as film assistant to documentary filmmaker Joris Ivens, who eventually made The 400 Million. Based in Hankou, Capa, as part of the film crew, was under tight censorship and could not travel and photograph freely as he had done in Spain. Nevertheless, Capa managed to make dynamic images of the Chinese army and non-combatants, published in LIFE and Regards, covering the battle of Tai’erzhuang and the air raids on Hankou and including intimate portraits of generals Chiang and Chou En-Lai.

Capa returned to Spain in late 1938 and followed the Republican soldiers as they battled against the encroaching Francoist forces who were attempting to cross the Segre River. The images from the battle on November 7, 1938 represent the drama and emotion of Capa’s best war reportage and were published in an unprecedented number of page spreads in Regards, Match, Picture Post, and LIFE. Capa’s original captions and corresponding vintage prints allow us to trace the battle movements. Unfortunately, the triumph of the day did not change the course of Republican defeat, and in January 1939 Capa photographed the Spanish refugees, fleeing Franco’s advancement, on the road from Tarragona to Barcelona and eventually across the French border.

Capa’s photographs of the Omaha beach landing in Normandy, France on D-Day, June 6, 1944, have almost become synonymous with the Allied victory in World War II. The legend of his slightly out of focus images of American GIs going ashore increased greatly after it became known that many of his negatives were destroyed in a darkroom accident. The ICP presentation will unite the ten existing images of the beach landing in the original sequence in which they were shot. Many of these prints are the ones made in the LIFE darkroom for publication. Also included are never-before-published censor prints of the American troops preparing for the invasion in England and crossing the English Channel. Personal letters that Capa wrote and received following the dramatic coverage will complement the photographs.

Capa claimed that he photographed the last man shot in World War II in Leipzig, Germany in April 1945—a young American soldier killed by the bullet of a German sniper. This famous image published in LIFE is a fitting reflection back to The Falling Soldier picture. In both, Capa’s proximity to war and death unfolds in front of the camera. The exhibition will include Capa’s continued coverage in Leipzig of the American soldiers in their pursuit of the remaining German troops in the barren city. These original prints did not pass the censor’s office at the time because of the violence that was depicted.

Many of Robert Capa’s most famous photographs have come to define important historical moments—The Falling Soldier of the Spanish Civil War, the American troops landing on D-Day, the last man shot in World War II. But it is important to remember that it was their broad circulation in international picture magazines that first made them iconic. Many of the most visually sophisticated and politically engaged European and American magazines of the mid-century published Capa’s photographs of war, including the French Vu, Regards, and Match, England’s Picture Post and, of course, LIFE. Through vintage prints, contact sheets, caption sheets, handwritten observations, personal letters and original magazine layouts, the exhibition looks closely at Capa’s working process and the construction of six of his key photo stories. The Falling Soldier, 1936; The Battle of Rio Segre, 1938; and Refugees from Barcelona, 1939, trace his coverage of the Spanish Civil War. China, 1938, documents his six-month stay during the Sino-Japanese War. D-Day, 1944, and the Liberation of Leipzig, 1945, present his photographs of World War II.

Also on view is an exhibition of photographs by Gerda Taro, a pioneering photojournalist who spent her brief but dramatic career photographing on the front lines of the Spanish Civil War. The exhibition, Gerda Taro, includes photographs drawn from ICP’s collection, as well as examples of the many European and American magazines and books that reproduced Taro’s dynamic and impassioned war coverage.

Taro’s photographs of the war are a striking but little-known record of an important moment in the history of war photography. They are also evidence of the changing possibilities for women in Europe in the 1930s, through Taro’s personal narrative as well as her photographs of female militia members in Barcelona and Valencia. Taro was the first woman known to have photographed in the heat of battle, and the first to die in action. Though Taro’s promising career was cut short, she produced a body of work that is notable for its animation, commitment, and formal experimentation. The exhibition is drawn from ICP’s extensive Taro archive, which includes approximately 200 vintage prints, original negatives, publications, and ephemera.

Gerda Taro was born Gerda Pohorylle, daughter of a liberal Polish Jewish family in Stuttgart, Germany. The family moved to Leipzig when Gerda was nineteen, where the growing strength of the National Socialists and a new circle of friends drew her into involvement in local leftist organizations. In 1933, she was arrested for participating in an anti-Nazi protest campaign. Eventually realizing that it was too dangerous for her to remain in Germany, she left for Paris.

After a year in Paris spent struggling for work, Gerda met Hungarian photographer André Friedmann, who would later change his name to Robert Capa. A romance developed between Gerda and André, and Gerda increasingly managed the business side of André’s work, while beginning to experiment with taking her own photographs. She started working at the Alliance Photo agency, providing her with an invaluable lens into the machinery of photojournalism. In February of 1936, she obtained her first press card. Gerda and André, frustrated with their lack of success selling his stories, constructed a fictional American photographer named Robert Capa, under whose identity they might fare better than as one of many Eastern European Jewish émigrés in Paris. Gerda, in turn, changed her last name to Taro, taken from the Japanese artist Taro Okamoto. Both names had Hollywood resonances, too; Capa’s echoing the American filmmaker Frank Capra, and Gerda Taro’s recalling Greta Garbo.

When the Spanish Civil War broke out on July 17, 1936, Taro and Capa immediately arranged to go to Barcelona. The opportunity to photograph active combat, combined with participating in a leftist cause for which emigrés Taro and Capa were deeply sympathetic, was an incomparable opportunity for the pair. They photographed side-by-side, often recording the same scenes. Their pictures from this period are easily distinguishable because they used cameras that produced negatives with different proportions; Taro the square-format Rollei, and Capa the rectangular Leica. In addition, Taro’s work reveals her interest in experimenting with the dynamic camera angles of New Vision photography. After photographing in Barcelona, they headed west and then south to Córdoba, where Capa photographed his famous “Falling Soldier,” a loyalist militiaman falling back on a hillside, a moment after he has been fatally shot.

From the outset, the photographic team of Taro and Capa published in magazines with established reputations like Vu in France or the Züricher Illustrierte in Switzerland. Though the work was initially credited “Robert Capa,” it was a collective project to which they both contributed. Contact print notebooks from this period—which will be included in the exhibition—make this collaboration clear: Taro and Capa’s photographs are unattributed and interspersed, with stories comprised of photographs by both authors.

Taro and Capa returned to Paris for the fall and early winter, and made a second trip to Spain in February of 1937. Photographs from this second trip are more difficult to distinguish, since both Taro and Capa were working in the same rectangular 35mm format. Too, they began to publish their photographs “Capa & Taro,” as in a spread in the French weekly Regards on fighting in Madrid. Capa remained in Spain only briefly, returning to Paris at the end of the month, while Taro stayed on. It appears that their romance had cooled by this point, and Taro was distinguishing herself with a successful independent career in the French leftist press. Beginning in March of 1937, the byline of her photographs in Regards and the left-wing French Popular Front newspaper Ce Soir reads “Photo Taro.” Some of Taro’s most arresting photographs were taken in the spring of 1937, in a hospital and morgue following the bombing of Valencia. Taro seems to have predated Capa’s famous assertion that “if your pictures aren’t good enough, you aren’t close enough” with her unflinching images of the civilian casualties of the war.

In July, Taro covered the Second International Writers’ Congress on the Defense of Culture at Madrid and then went to Brunete, outside of the capital, to cover fighting for Ce Soir. For two weeks, Taro photographed the battle for the city, and her images were widely reproduced, in part because they demonstrated that the Loyalists were holding the Brunete, despite insurgent claims to the contrary. On July 25, as the Loyalist position faltered, Taro found herself in the midst of a hasty retreat. She jumped on the running-board of a car transporting casualties. A tank sideswiped the car, knocking Taro to the ground. She died the next day. Her body was returned to Paris, where Taro was proclaimed an anti-fascist martyr. Her funeral, which was attended by tens of thousands, took place on what would have been her twenty-seventh birthday.

“The work of Gerda Taro is not only remarkable within the larger oeuvre of war photography for the period, but also because it exemplifies the changing roles of women at that time,” said Willis E. Hartshorn, ICP Ehrenkranz Director. “Her work holds a significant place within the ICP Collection, and we are pleased to be able to present it in the context of such a major exhibition.”

Madrid | Círculo de Bellas Artes | International Center of Photography | Robert Capa |


Last Week News

July 20, 2010

Painting by Spanish Baroque Master Francisco Ribalta Restored After Being Hidden in Church

Shortlist Announced for New Fourth Plinth Commission

Important British Treasure Saved for the Jewish Museum London

Renaissance Drawing in Florence and Venice at the J. Paul Getty Museum

Thyssen-Bornemisza Announces Exhibition of Photographs by Mario Testino

Vestiges of a Prehispanic Oven to Melt Copper Found in Zacatecas

Christie's to Sell Property from the Collection of Dennis Hopper

Asia Society Presents Exhibition Featuring the Vanishing Glaciers of the Himalaya

Princeton University Art Museum Appoints Kelly Baum as Curator

Exhibition by Portuguese Artist Joana Vasconcelos at Haunch of Venison

Art Production Fund Set to Present "White Ghost" by Yoshitomo Nara on Park Avenue

Optical Installation by Morgane Tschiember Unveiled at Design Center

SMU Featuring "Mexico: Books from the Stanley Marcus Collection"

SHOW OFF: Parisian Art Fair with an International Presence Opens in October

New Photographic Works by Israeli Artist Inbal Abergil at Miyako Yoshinaga art prospects

National World War II Museum Features Loyal Forces: Animals in WWII

Group Video Installation Created for the United Nations Pavilion at World Expo 2010

American Institute of Architects New York Chapter Announces 2nd Annual Subway Exhibition

National Museum of the American Indian to Host the Living Earth Festival 2010

July 19, 2010

Exhibition Offers Unprecedented Reassessment of Pivotal Moment in Henri Matisse's Career

Exhibition Provides a Glimpse into Studios and Minds of Miami's Art Community

DeCordova Announces Installation of Roy Lichtenstein's Five Brushstrokes

Michelle Obama Celebrates Design Awards with White House Ceremony

Tel Aviv Museum of Art Shows Works by Photographer David LaChapelle

Modern Views: A Project To Benefit The Farnsworth House And Glass House

Photographs by Group f/64 on View this Fall at the Portland Museum of Art

The Beatles' Abbey Road Piano in New 'Pioneers of Popular Culture' Sale

Country Club's Ongoing Project Series Presents Kori Newkirk

Agnew's to Open New Premises at Albemarle Street in Early September

Group Show "Coincidental Opposites" Opens at Causey Contemporary

California Design Biennial: Action/Reaction Opens in Pasadena

Three-Person Exhibition Opens at Thierry Goldberg Projects

The Phantasmagorical World of Photographer Marco Sanges at Hay Hill Gallery

LeRoy and Janet Neiman Donate $1 Million to Establish Scholarship Fund at Ox-Bow

Third Installment of Systema Naturae - Aeris Opens at Gallery Nucleus

Auctioneer: Daughter will Get Lucille Ball Awards

Internationally Renowned French Artists to Re-Imagine Penrith as a City of the Future

Exhibition of Norman Rockwell Study Photographs and Paintings Announced at Brooklyn Museum

July 18, 2010

Archeologists in Guatemala Discover King's Well-Sealed Tomb that Yields Mayan Secrets

Lights! Camera! Action! The Tate Movie Project Launches

L'Osservatore Romano Says New Caravaggio May Have Been Found

Zhang Huan's Hope Tunnel Opens at Ullens Center for Contemporary Art

Federal Judge Upholds NYC Art Vendor Crackdown Rules

Cosima von Bonin's The Fatigue Empire Opens at Kunsthaus Bregenz

Manuscript Exhibition Examines Aspects of Play in Medieval Society

Cincinnati Art Museum Announces Thomas Gainsborough Exhibition

Roman Cieslewicz Retrospective Opens at Royal College of Art

The Parrish Art Museum Announces Groundbreaking of New Building

New Work by Argentinean Artist and Architect Tomás Saraceno at Baltic

Churches and a Gallery in Rome to Honor Caravaggio with Rare Night Visits

Guggenheim Museum Launches YouTube Play: A Biennial of Creative Video Blog

Sackler Gallery to Present First Major U.S. Exhibition of Contemporary Artist Fiona Tan

Natural History Museum Invites to ID Your Trees in the Urban Tree Survey

First Temporary Exhibition in New Sculpture Garden Features Colossal Sculpture by Jun Kaneko

Ichnites Site in Coahuila Undergo Maintenance Thanks to Temporary Employment Program

Minister for Culture Unveils Portrait of Brian Friel at National Gallery

Yevtushenko Gives House, Art to Russia

July 17, 2010

Quantitative Chemical Analysis Sheds New Light on Leonardo Da Vinci's Faces

Ice Age Baby Mammoth on Display at Museum in Southeast France

You Can Cut Us But Don't Kill Us Say The UK's Cultural Leaders

Rem Koolhaas Awarded Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement

Museum of Science and Industry Searching for Live-In Roommate

Italian Police Show Latest Recovery of Looted Art at the Colosseum

Exhibition of Power and Propaganda of Maps at British Library

Hammer Appoints Brooke Hodge as Director of Exhibition Management

Museum of Contemporary Art Cleveland Releases Design for New Building

The American Dream, Warhol-Style, on View at the Hood This Summer

NYS State Museum Scientist Selected to Investigate Climate Change in Spain

New Playhouse Planned for William Shakespeare Theater Site

Aruna D'Souza Named Associate Director of Research at the Clark

Indianapolis Museum of Art Announces Public Art Installation by Artist Mary Miss

Work by Maine Artist Anna Hepler on View at the Portland Museum of Art

Luca Bray's Muted Color Palette on View at Gallery Nine 5

Maja Hoffman Appointed Tate Trustee

Menil Names Toby Kamps New Curator of Modern and Contemporary Art

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Announces the Naming of Three Curatorships

Smithsonian Names Directors of Consortia for the Four Grand Challenges of the Strategic Plan

July 16, 2010

Experts Work to Free Buried Ship Hull at World Trade Center Site in New York

Roy Rogers' Stuffed Horse Sold to Nebraska TV Station

Fundació Gala-Salvador Dalí Wins Case Against Self-Named Dalí Museum in Berlin

Microsoft Co-Founder Paul Allen Pledges Fortune to Philanthropy

MOCA Receives Additional Gift from Photographer Max Yavno's Estate

NEA Chairman Rocco Landesman Announces $3 Million in Grants

Long Lost Charlie Chaplin Film to Debut at Virginia Festival

Group Exhibition Gimme Shelter Opens at Mixed Greens

Exceptional Scottish Colourists Star in Bonhams Scottish Sale

Photographs of Wildfires by Youngsuk Suh at Haines Gallery

Heirs Spar over Lucille Ball Auction to Be Held at Heritage Auction Galleries

SFMOMA Presents Rebecca Solnit's Infinite City: A San Francisco Atlas

Hitting a Home Run on Stamps for Pioneering Baseball League

Tembleque Aqueduct Registered in 3D Images

St. Louis Arts Organizations Present the American Arts Experience

Exhibition Features the Future Leaders of New York's Design Community

Rare Needlework Book Cover from the Book of Beauty, 1896 to Sell at Bonhams

Tate Liverpool Receives Freedom of the City of Liverpool

Portinari Painting Stolen from Brazil Museum

July 15, 2010

Restored Leonardo Masterpiece Goes Back on Display at the National Gallery in London

Grass Grows by Itself: A Group Exhibition Opens at Marlborough in Chelsea

Paintings Taken by Serviceman in WWII Return to Germany

Sotheby's to Hold Auction of Property from England's Most Magnificent Stately Home

History of Graffiti in NYC Reviewed in Exhibition at Benrimon Contemporary

National Museum of American History Collects 75 Years of Auto Safety

Rare Cabinet by Emile Bernard Acquired by the Indianapolis Museum of Art

Iraq's Artists Reflect Pain, Trauma of the War and Uncertainty

Mickey Mouse Art Poster with Nazi Symbol Ignites Polish Anger

Photographer of Modern Life Gets Exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery

Group Exhibition Phantasmorganica at Allegra LaViola Gallery

Studio Museum in Harlem Summer Exhibition Features Zwelethu Mthethwa

Robert Walden's Ontological Road Maps at RHV Fine Art

The Transcendent Landscapes of Northwest Artist Victoria Adams at the Tacoma Art Museum

Culhuacan, the other Crib of Zapatism Houses Exhibition

Irvine Contemporary Presents New Gallery Artist Alexa Meade

Tours of the Romantic Abbey Ruins Launched this Summer at the Palace of Holyroodhouse

Sunday Funnies Characters Set to Brighten Letters

17th Century Automata Lion Clock Roars in £117,600 at Bonhams

Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum Joins with Nike and Make Something!!

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- 'World's oldest message in a bottle', tossed in sea 101 years ago, reaches granddaughter

2.- East-West/West-East: Qatar unveils desert sculpture by American artist Richard Serra

3.- Ming-era 'chicken cup' sells for $36.05 million breaking record for Chinese porcelain

4.- United States pastor Kevin Sutherland convicted over Damien Hirst fake paintings

5.- Major exhibition at Pinacothèque de Paris explores the myth of Cleopatra

6.- Fondation Vincent van Gogh Arles opens with inaugural exhibition "Van Gogh Live!"

7.- Landmark exhibition opens in New York exploring the ancient kingdoms of Southeast Asia

8.- Palm-sized scroll that mentions Jesus's wife is ancient: Harvard Theological Review

9.- Hitler's wife Eva Braun may have had Jewish ancestry: British television documentary

10.- Bonhams to sell Madame de Pompadour's favourite porcelain which surfaced in Devon after 350 years

Related Stories



Spanish botched fresco artist sells work on eBay

ARCOmadrid Kickstarts Its International Promotion in Sao Paulo

The American Landscapes of Asher B. Durand to Be Explored in Exhibition at Fundación Juan March

708,000 Persons have Visited the PHotoEspaña 2010 Exhibitions

Jessica Stockholder: Peer Out to See at Museo Reina Sofia in Madrid

Interview with Christian Caujolle "The Idea is to Try to Make Us Perceive What Mysticism is"

Prado is Extending the Opening Hours of its Turner Exhibition

Carlos Urroz Redesigns ARCO: the Contemporary Art Fair of Madrid

Graciela Iturbide and Chema Conesa Win Top Prizes at PHotoEspaña

Mixed Use, Manhattan: Photography and Related Practices 1970s to the Present



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Rmz. - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site