The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Friday, October 24, 2014


National Museum of American History Showcases Two New Exhibits
Celluloid, the world’s first commercially successful plastic, was invented by John Wesley Hyatt in 1869.
WASHINGTON, DC.- The Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History is featuring more than a century of toy history in a history highlights case, “Toys from the Attic.” Showcasing toys from 1825 to 1939, the case explores the changing experience of an American middle-class child. With the improving economy of the 19th century, children were sent to school rather than to work, and adults began to understand the distinct importance of childhood and its specific needs. These changes allowed American children time to play and encouraged greater demand for manufactured toys. Toy companies began to create evermore sophisticated toys intended to entertain, educate and prepare children for adulthood.

The case highlights more than 30 physically and mentally stimulating toys, including an 1890s’ swimming doll, an early 20th-century tricycle and a 1908 children’s carpet sweeper. It examines manufacturers’ methods of toy innovation, such as moveable parts, as well as the history of toy marketing, including its shift to targeting children directly and the selling of toys in “wish lists,” catalogs and department stores. “Toys from the Attic” demonstrates how greater public demand led to the more affordable mass-production of toys, such as alphabet blocks and children’s sewing machines, which would supplement education and prepare children for adult life.

The Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History’s newest historical highlight case features “Celluloid: The First Plastic.” The case explores the many uses of celluloid and its contribution to the plastics industry in America and features a variety of objects, ranging from picture frames and postcards made in the 1890s to advertising calendars and toy animals from the 1940s. The objects came from Norman and Dadie Perlov, who donated 2,000 celluloid objects from their private collection to the museum in 2006.

Celluloid, the world’s first commercially successful plastic, was invented by John Wesley Hyatt in 1869. Hyatt originally invented celluloid to be used as a substitute for ivory in the manufacturing of billiard balls. Celluloid soon became common in the manufacturing of other items, such as cutlery sets, baby rattles, jewelry and table-tennis balls because of its inexpensive but highly durable qualities. Celluloid was the foundation that led to the development of the plastics manufacturing industry in America; however, its highly inflammable qualities made it hazardous to produce and the manufacture of most celluloid products ceased by the 1940s. Today celluloid is only used in the production of table-tennis balls, for which a successful substitute material has not been discovered.

National Museum of American History | Washington | "Celluloid: The First Plastic" |




Last Week News

June 19, 2010

Lenbachhaus Presents Its First Ever Comprehensive Show of the Blauer Reiter Group

Hayward Gallery Reopens with Exhibition by Brazilian Artist Ernesto Neto

Sam Francis' Biggest Show in Europe Since 1995 Opens in Slovakia

Visitors will Observe Conservators Investigating Monet's "Water Lilies"

British Museum Announces "Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead" Exhibition

Collectors Compete for American Paintings at Swann Auction Galleries

Janet Carding Appointed Royal Ontario Museum's New Director and CEO

Lennon Lyrics Fetch $1.2 Million at New York City Auction

Cooper-Hewitt Announces Winners of 11th Annual National Design Awards

Garber Headlines Strong Fine Paintings Sale at Freeman's

Suite of Large Works on Paper by Yevgeniy Fiks at Winkleman Gallery

Buyer in North Carolina Defends Photo Thought to Show Slave Children

Site-Specific Installation by Markus Linnenbrink at Number 35

Getty Museum and Artist Mark Bradford Launch Online Curricula for K-12 Art Teachers

First Nationally Touring Exhibition of the Work of Gustav Stickley

Frieze Film 2010 Commissions Jess Flood-Paddock, Linder, Elizabeth Price and Stephen Sutcliffe

Exhibition of Korean White Porcelains and Contemporary Photographs by Bohnchang Koo Explores Vision and Continuity

New Subjects Join the National Portrait Gallery Collection

Miami Art Museum Names Thomas "Thom" Collins as Director

On their Own: Britain's Child Migrants: Medallion tells of the leaving of Liverpool

June 18, 2010

Moctezuma II Exhibition Opens and Experts Hope to Uncover an Emperor's Tomb Soon

Mark Twain's Unpublished Manuscript, 'A Family Sketch', Sets Auction Record

Faulkner, Kerouac, and Wall Street to Be Sold at Christie's

Marlborough Fine Art Holds First Ever UK Exhibition of Picasso's Women in Print

United States Returns 7 Stolen Ancient Cambodian Sculptures

David D. Holbrook Elected Chairman of Noguchi Museum Board of Trustees

Lombard-Freid Projects Presents Heat Wave, a Group Show

New Exhibition Takes Visitors into Madeleine Albright's Jewelry Box

Deichtorhallen Shows Works by Leading Russian-Ukrainian Sergey Bratkov

The Family and the Land: Sally Mann at the Photographer's Gallery

Sotheby's to Sell Rare 19th Century Sculptures Recently Discovered in Ireland

New Works: A Series of Monotypes by Francoise Gilot at BLT Gallery

French Ceramics from the Boone Collection Go to the Huntington and LACMA

Single-Owner Ceramic Collection from the Factory of Marie Antoinette's Sister to Make 500,000 Pounds at Bonhams

Albertina Opens Walton Ford's First Exhibition in Austria

Object Strategies Between Readymade and Spectacle at Museo Reina Sofia

Musée de l'Elysée Features Tomorrow's Photographers Today

Artist Banksy's Rat with Suitcase Stolen in Australia

French Engineer Saves Damascus Treasures

June 17, 2010

Satellite Fairs Give Galleries the Chance to Show the Work of the World's Emerging Artists

John Steinbeck's Apartment Archive to be Auctioned at Bloomsbury Auctions

Italian Researchers Think they Have Found Caravaggio's Bones

IMA Expands Acceptable Temperature and Humidity Guidelines

Sotheby's to Sell The Robert Devereux Collection of Post-War British Art

Bosnia Turns Marshal Tito Nuclear Bunker into Art Gallery

Deborah Marrow Named Interim Director and CEO of the J. Paul Getty Trust

United Kingdom's Largest Painting Prize Announces Shortlist

Fundraising Exhibition of Louisiana Artists Responding to the Gulf Oil Spill

Art Dubai Appoints Antonia Carver as Its New Fair Director

London Calling Top UK Artists Dedicate Work to Iconic Rock n' Roll Cartoonist

Frick Collection on Fifth Avenue Celebrates 75th Anniversary

Baltimore Museum of Art Unveils $24 Million Renovation Plan

Crystal Bridges Announces Landscape, Tapestry

Michener Art Museum Announces Second Phase Of Expansion to Include Premier Event Center

Collector's Generous Bequest Brings Important 20th Century Works to 15 Museums in the UK

Altered Images Exhibition to Open at Irish Museum of Modern Art

The Courtauld Collects! 20 Years of Acquisitions Opens Today

Liverpool ONE Underground Attraction Booms-Visitors flock to Old Dock

Designer-Turned-Artist Kenzo Shows Paintings

June 16, 2010

Collectors Snap Up Museum-Quality Works by Established Artists at 41st Edition of Art Basel

Sotheby's Sells a Masterpiece by Ferdinand Hodler for CHF 4 Million

Public Allowed to See Restoration of Dalí Painting at Museum in Rotterdam

Chris Dercon Leaves Haus der Kunst for Tate Modern

Sotheby's South Asian Art Sale Brings a Total of 5.5 Million Pounds

More than 100 Impressive and Intact Ancient Cultic Vessels were Found

National Museum Wales Purchases Painting by William Dyce for the Nation

National Gallery Announces "Venice: Canaletto and His Rivals"

Allentown Art Museum's Famous Kress Collection Artworks to be De-Installed

Galerie Gmurzynska Presents Exhibition by Award-Winning Architect Zaha Hadid

Art Fund Director Stephen Deuchar Awarded CBE for His Service to the Public

MoMA's Annual Premiere Brazil! Film Festival Returns this July

Exhibition Features Intriguing Treasures from Drawings and Prints Collection

Atlas Gallery Explores Synergies between Words and Images in Ground-Breaking Exhibition

Posing Beauty in African American Art on View at Taubman Museum of Art

Bernadottes on Show at Nationalmuseum

Artist Nasser Azam Relaunches Historic Art Foundry

Early Mondrian Painting Stolen in Netherlands

Rare Edgar Allan Poe Portrait Fails to Sell

June 15, 2010

World Record Price for a Modigliani Sculpture Sold at Auction at Christie's in Paris

Guggenheim and YouTube Launch Search for the World's Most Creative Video

Christie's Presents a Curated Public Exhibition of Masterpieces

Emin Scrawls and Perry Shocks at Royal Academy's Summer Show

'Red,' a Play About Artist Mark Rothko, is Big Winner at Tonys

Galerie Ficher Rohr Presents a Second Exhibition with Works by Frank Stella

Museums in Budapest and Moscow Exchange Exhibitions

Joan of Arc Commemorative Alms Dish Dated 1429 to Sell at Bonhams

Unseen Images of Marianne Faithfull by Dennis Morris at Snap Galleries

Old Master & 19th Century Paintings & Drawings at Sotheby's in Paris

Francis Alys: A Story of Deception Opens at Tate Modern

Michael Rosenfeld Gallery Exhibits Works by Realist Painter Fairfield Porter

IVAM Celebrates Ramón Gaya's 100th Anniversary with Exhibition

European Antiques and Religious Treasures of French Colonial Vietnam at Austin Auction Gallery

Ancient Pottery Tradition Rediscovered & Transformed at Crystal Bridges

Antique Paste & Other Jewellery: A Sparkling Summer Exhibition at S. J. Phillips

VisionQuesT Gallery Presents Arturo Delle Donne: Memes

Magic of Persia Contemporary Art Prize Launches June 2010

Rare Pugin Table to Sell at Bonhams

Initial Stages of New Egypt Museum Completed

June 14, 2010

Zeng Fanzhi Exhibits Paintings from His Collection at the National Gallery for Foreign Art

Caravaggio Show Goes Nonstop at Scuderie del Quirinale in Rome

Getty Trust President and CEO James Wood Dies at Age 69

Works at Freer Gallery Showcase Nine Centuries of Artistic Tradition

Toledo Museum Presents The Psychedelic 60s: Posters from the Rock Era

Summer Exhibitions Celebrate Former Frye Director and Alaska Connection

First Exhibition of Contemporary Tibetan Art in a New York City Museum

Photographs by Cecil Beaton at the Imperial War Museum North

Haus Konstruktiv Opens Exhibitions by Ryan Gander and Franz Mon

Mixed Use, Manhattan: Photography and Related Practices 1970s to the Present

Vintage Photographs and Shoe Shine Boxes at the Center for Visual Arts

Catalina Island Museum Appoints New Executive Director

Smithsonian Institution Libraries Unveils "Paper Engineering: Fold, Pull, Pop and Turn"

Work by Berlinde De Bruyckere at Hauser & Wirth Zürich

The Splendor of the Cossack Era in the Historic Context of the Ukrainian-Swedish Alliance on Display for First Time

William Lee Golden Honored at Tennessee State Museum

John James Audubon: American Artist and Naturalist at the Boise Art Museum

Sites of Memory: Architecture and Remembering at Stephan Stoyanov Gallery

Imprints: Photographs by Mark Ruwedel at the Peabody Essex Museum

Everson Celebrates 100th Anniversary of Renowned Ceramic Masterpiece

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Image of a Christ without a beard, short hair and wearing a toga unearthed in Spain

2.- Giant mosaic unearthed in mysterious tomb in Amphipolis in northern Macedonia

3.- Bonhams sale of 18th century French decorative arts to benefit Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco

4.- Paris flustered by erection of 'sex-toy' sculpture; Paul McCarthy slapped by a passer-by

5.- High art or vile pornography? Marquis de Sade explored in Orsay museum exhibition

6.- 'Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection' opens at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

7.- Greek culture minister says Elgin Marbles return a matter of 'global heritage'

8.- Vandals deflate Paris 'sex-toy' sculpture by American artist Paul McCarthy after outrage

9.- Exhibition at National Gallery in London explores Rembrandt's final years of painting

10.- 'Hans Memling: A Flemish Renaissance' opens at the Scuderie del Quirinale in Rome

Related Stories



National Museum of American History receives Peace Corps objects

Display Showcases Two Key Smithsonian Figures

New National Museum of American Jewish History in Philadelphia Celebrates Jewish Life

National Museum of American History Accepts Red Hat Society Donation

Nation's Illustration Museum Celebrates 10th Anniversary

Maya Funerary Tapestry Restored and Ready for Exhibition

Maya Funerary Tapestry Restored and Ready for Exhibition

Suicide-Prevention Phone Acquired by National Museum of American History

Apollo Theater Exhibit in Washington D.C. Shows Jackson's Hat

Smithsonian Offers Activities and Experiments during NanoDays 2010



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site