INDIANAPOLIS, IN.- The Indianapolis Museum of Art
announced that it will receive a long-term loan of several ancient sculptures from the Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome in January 2011. On loan for a renewable two-year period, the objects include three life-size portrait busts and a marble funerary urn from the Vigna Codini Columbarium II, a major Roman tomb discovered in 1847.
The loan of the Vigna Codini Tomb group is an example of new types of loans that the Italy-US Memorandum of Understanding, signed in 2003, is intended to foster. While other major U.S. museums have recently had long-term loans from Italy, most have been in connection with the return of objects discovered to have been illegally exported. The IMAs presentation of Sculpture from the Vigna Codini Tomb will assemble the contents of this remarkable discovery and give unique insight into the original first-century AD presentation of major examples of Roman art from the Museo Nazionale Romano, Italys leading museum dedicated to the ancient heritage of the city of Rome.
We are pleased to collaborate with the Indianapolis Museum of Art to share these remarkable objects and their context with American museum goers, stated Stefano De Caro, Director of Antiquities for the Italian Ministry of Culture. This important loan helps explain how works of art may also serve as testaments of the way that ancient Romans lived and sought to be remembered.
American museums have few examples of ancient art which can be displayed with their complete context understood, added Maxwell L. Anderson, The Melvin & Bren Simon Director and CEO of the IMA. The Vigna Codini Tomb contents from the Julio-Claudian and Flavian periods open a window to understanding that only long-term loans can provide, since the acquisition of archaeological material with inadequate ownership history is no longer acceptable.
The Vigna Codini Tomb is an intriguing site that provides great insight into Roman life. Discovered on the outskirts of Rome in 1847, the tomb was paid for by a corporation of freed slaves, who sold shares in 295 funerary niches intended to hold the ashes of the dead. Some of the niches were also designed to accommodate sculptural commissions that commemorate those buried withinthe surviving three of which will be on view at the IMA. These portraits depict high-ranking servants in the employ of the first imperial family of Rome, to judge from the fact that they are among the few to merit sculpted commemorations in marble.