NEW YORK, NY.-
Cities and towns across America routinely demolish their modern architecture, without giving the buildings a chance to be preserved and adaptively restored. Why this happens, and what we can do to save 50 years of modernist architecture, is addressed in Modernism at Risk: Modern Solutions for Saving Modern Landmarks, a traveling exhibition organized by the World Monuments Fund (WMF) and sponsored by Knoll, Inc. Opening on February 17 at the Center for Architecture
, 536 LaGuardia Place, the exhibition will be on view there through May 1, 2010.
A project of WMFs Modernism at Risk program, the exhibition features large-scale photographs by noted photographer Andrew Moore and interpretative panels on five case studies that explore the role designers and other advocacy groups play in preserving modern landmarks.
For decades the World Monuments Fund has worked to save heritage sites around the globe, from early settlements to 20th-century architecture, said Bonnie Burnham, WMF President. While modern buildings face the same physical threats as ancient structures, they are too often overlooked as insignificant, not important enough to preserve. We launched our Modernism at Risk initiative to advocate for these often ignored buildings and to address their special needs. And, through this traveling exhibition, we hope to draw many more advocates to our cause. We are especially pleased that it is now here in New York, at the Center for Architecture, where we hope hundreds of people will see the show and add their voices to ours on the importance of preserving our modern heritage.
The five buildings highlighted in the traveling exhibition are:
ADGB Trade Union School in Bernau, Germany, a Bauhaus design by Hannes Meyer and Hans Wittwer
Conger Goodyear House in Old Westbury, New York, designed by Edward Durell Stone and saved from demolition by WMF in 2001
Riverview High School in Sarasota, Florida, designed by Paul Rudolph and demolished in 2009
Grosse Pointe Public Library in Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan, designed by Marcel Breuer
Kent Memorial Library in Suffield, Connecticut, designed by Warren Platner.
Each of these buildings was threatened, and each received the attention of architects and designers intent on preventing its destruction. These case studies reveal the many ways the design community is working to sustain the legacy of modern architecture one building at a time.
Riverview High School and the Grosse Pointe Library were specifically cited in WMFs 2008 Watch listing Main Street Modern as examples of modern buildings at risk and needing attention. A model of Riverview prepared by the Paul Rudolph Foundation will also be on display. Riverview was razed in June 2009, but the Sarasota County School District has agreed to sensitively rehabilitate Rudolphs Sarasota High School addition (built one year after the original high school) and support the nomination of the site to the National Register of Historic Places.
These case studies, which comprise the traveling exhibition, (Modernism at Risk has visited three venues in Florida) explore the potential outcomesrestoration, demolition, adaptive reusefor modernist landmarks. In addition, the Center for Architecture installation includes five projects whose fates have not yet been sealed, highlighting modernist buildings that are currently at risk of being demolished. The Center exhibition invites the participation of the preservation groups who are trying to save these buildings, engaging the community in a dialogue about the preservation of modernist icons.
Modernism at Risks Main Street Modern theme carries over to the five at risk buildings added by the Center for Architecture to the exhibitiontwo schools, a hospital, a library, and a laboratory. The New York venue features the ongoing demolition of Michael Reese Hospital in Chicagobuildings that Bauhaus School founder Walter Gropius largely designed and planned. It also describes the imminent threats to the Bell Labs complex in Holmdel, New Jersey, designed by Eero Saarinen, and to Paul Rudolphs Chorley Elementary School in upstate New York, recently added to the Preservation League of New York State 2010 Seven to Save program and fighting for survival. Atlantas Central Branch Library, designed by Marcel Breuer, was recently placed on the 2010 World Monuments Watch, as was the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism building of the Central University of Venezuela in Caracas. The organizations trying to save these buildings alongside WMFs efforts include the Gropius in Chicago Coalition, DOCOMOMO New York/Tri-State, the Paul Rudolph Foundation, DOCOMOMO GA, and Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo, Universidad Central de Venezuela, respectively.
Architecture isnt just about building new buildings, said AIANY President Anthony Schirripa, FAIA, Its also about celebrating our architectural history. Preserving modernist landmarks should be a goal not only for the design community, but for all communities that want to celebrate the diversity and richness of modern architecture in their midst. I hope this exhibition will begin a dialogue amongst New Yorkers about how, and why, modernism matters, and that it inspires us to each contribute in our own way to the World Monuments Funds valuable mission of saving these extraordinary buildings.