We want to sing the love of danger, the habit of energy and rashness, proclaimed the first thesis of the radical and antibourgeois manifesto published in 1909 by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (himself the son of a bourgeois family) in the Paris daily Le Figaro. The Martin-Gropius-Bau
has taken the hundredth anniversary of the Futurist Manifesto as an occasion to devote a major exhibition entitled Languages of Futurism to the universal artwork Futurism. In his eleven-point manifesto Marinetti propagated a new culture embracing all areas of life.
The aim was to have all the arts participate in the construction of a new aesthetic of the everyday. Whether photography or film, fashion or design, dance or literature, painting or sculpture, architecture or music there was no art form that the Futurists did not try their hand at.
Futurism enabled the Italian art of the early twentieth century to take its place among the main avant-garde currents in Europe especially those in France and Germany. With its interest in revolutionizing all the arts Futurism in Italy was in one sense an artistic movement, but it was also a new way of looking at the cultural life of a country which entered the twentieth century in a state of marked social and economic backwardness and profound divisions.
The exhibition Languages of Futurism arose in cooperation with the Italian Cultural Institute Berlin and the Museo di Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto (MART), which has a collection of over 4,000 futurist works, including masterpieces by Carrà, Severini, Russolo and Balla, as well as an extensive archive of documents and books by the most important representatives of the avant garde. The museum and study centre are supplemented by the Casa Museo Depero, Italys first futurist museum which was founded by Fortunato Depero himself and opened in cooperation with the city of Rovereto in 1959. The director of the museum, Gabriella Belli, curated the exhibition for Berlin. The cooperation with MART has made it possible to present the whole range of forms of artistic expression used by Futurism from painting and architecture to literature.
The Berlin exhibition begins with an introductory section dealing with the upheavals in painting caused by the historical core group of Futurists around Boccioni, Balla, Severini, Russolo, Soffici and Carrà. The focus of the exhibition, however, will be on the innovations that ushered in a new, extraordinarily creative epoch of Futurism after Boccionis death in 1916. The Futurist aesthetic expressed in the manifesto Ricostruzione Futurista dellUniverso (Futurist Reconstruction of the Universe), that was published by Balla and Depero in March 1915, captures all dimensions of the everyday world and reaches out to many aspects of life that are unrelated to the plastic arts. The works of the second generation of Futurists, in particular people such as Balla, Severini, Soffici, Depero, Prampolini, Crali and Thayaht reveal the intention of using all forms of artistic expression, from design to advertising, from fashion to the culinary arts, in order to find futurist solutions to everyday problems.
Devoting an exhibition to Futurism in Berlin is of particular significance as this city played an important role in the Futurists dissemination of their revolutionary ideas in Germany thanks to the efforts of Herwarth Walden (18871941). In 1912 the Futurist Manifesto was published in Der Sturm, a periodical founded by Herwarth Walden and Alfred Döblin. Soon afterwards the first Futurist exhibition in Germany was held in Waldens eponymous gallery at Tiergartenstrasse 34a. It showed 35 pictures by the Futurists Boccioni, Carrà, Russolo and Severini and attracted up to 1,000 visitors daily. Walden, Boccioni and Marinetti drove in a flashy open car through the streets of Berlin distributing leaflets bearing the slogan Evviva Futurista. It was the artistic event of the year 1912 in Berlin.
Marinetti, unquestionably the first great master of media communication strategies, was at war like all the painters who were close to Futurism with the past, with history, with remembrance. Under the slashing blows of his pamphlets and theoretical manifestoes the cult objects of the past toppled one after another. He condemned the art of the Renaissance as he did the Tango or the music of Wagner, the romanticization of Venice or love in the moonlight. The name of the movement which was Marinettis invention was well suited to expressing the absolute faith in the new technologies, especially the automobile and the airplane. Shuttling back and forth between Paris and Milan, Marinetti brought Futurism to the whole of Europe. Dadaism, Surrealism, Constructivism and Expressionism were all influenced by the Futurists.
Further appearances by Futurists in Herwarth Waldens periodical and gallery followed, as a selection of documents in the Martin-Gropius-Bau exhibition makes clear.
The presentation in Berlin thus offers an opportunity of finding out more about those aspects of Futurism that are less well known than the paintings.