The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Sunday, April 30, 2017

Pinakothek der Moderne to Show the Art of Timber Construction: Chinese Architectural Models
Chunyang Hall, Yongle Palace, Ruicheng, Shanxi Province (Yuan Dynasty 1271-1368) © Architekturmuseum der tu Munchen.
MUNICH.- For about three centuries, almost all public buildings in China were built according to a hardly ever changing construction system: an enormous, curved hip roof rests on wooden posts with wide overhanging eaves and tile covering, supported by an elaborate wooden construction. Posts, purlins, as well as rows of short beams form a framework, whose parts are only connected with pins, thus creating an elastic wooden framework that can even absorb strong vibrations of earthquakes. The walls are only fitted in without a load-bearing function. Compared to our tiled roofs, the dead load of traditional Chinese tiled roofs is – depending on their size - three to four times as high and can withstand even strong gales. The wood of the white cedar used for construction tolerates four times the tensile stress of steel, its compressive strength being more than six times as high as concrete. This construction had the effect that many historical buildings could endure natural catastrophes, hence wooden constructions of the 8th century AC still exist today. Most of these buildings are situated west of Beijing in the Shanxi province.

The specific Chinese type of timber construction was laid down in detail in a manual (Yingzao Fashi) by order of the emperor in the 11th century. Due to these guidelines and the enormous adaptability of the system this characteristic timber construction has been passed on from generation to generation until today, such a longevity of an architectural building structure being unique worldwide.

In the 20th century, documentation and teaching models of the highest accuracy were made of the most important Buddhist temples and palace complexes. These large-scale models precisely show all the details in order to enable their study and a possible reconstruction of the historical buildings.

The exhibition of the Architekturmuseum shows 19 of these models, among them the detailed models of the bracket system (Dougong), the reproductions of the oldest timber constructions existing in China, such as the Nanchan temple (Tang dynasty, 782 AC, Wutai, Shanxi), the Foguang temple (Tang dynasty, 857 AC, Wutai, Shanxi) and the Guanyin hall of the Dule monastery (Liao dynasty, 984 AC, Tianjin, Jixin), which survived 28 earthquakes including that of 1679, with no other building apart from this hall surviving in the area.

Furthermore, the exhibition will present the models of the 300 m long complex of the Yongle-palace in Ruicheng (Yuan dynasty, 1271-1368, Shanxi province) consisting of four halls, the 270 hectare complex of the temple of heaven (Ming and Qing dynasty, since 1420, Beijing), as well as a model of one of the 492 Buddhist cave temples of the area of Dunhuang, all of these complexes belonging to the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage.

This unique collection of the Chinese Academy of Cultural Heritage in Beijing will be shown – for the first time outside of China - at the Architekturmuseum der TU München. Together with photographs, architectural surveys and the corresponding explanations the models convey a fascinating insight into the beauty and technique of timber construction as well as into Chinese architecture.

Pinakothek der Moderne | Yongle-palace | Ruicheng | Wutai | Shanxi |

Today's News

August 13, 2009

National Gallery of Victoria Announces European Masters from the Stadel Museum Exhibition

MoMA Offers Private Group Tours of Tim Burton Exhibition

Guggenheim Commissions Two New Works to be Shown in Conjunction with Kandinsky Exhibition

Exhibition Explores How a Significant Group of Artists Have Responded to Modernism

Denver Art Museum Joins Forces to Tell the Story of One of Colorado's Favorite Artists

Meadows Museum Acquires Monumental Sculpture by Contemporary Spanish Artist Jaume Plensa

The Annual 9th ARTSingapore is Back with the Launch of a "New Finds" Section

National Gallery Relaunches its Website Offering Full-Screen Facility to View Collection

The AIA Recognizes 13 Projects with the 2009 CAE Educational Facility Design Awards

Extensive Group of Artists Exhibit in "The Conspiracy" on View at Kunsthalle Bern

Pinakothek der Moderne to Show the Art of Timber Construction: Chinese Architectural Models

Changes Announced at the Morris Museum of Art

Inspiration through Incarceration: The Voice & Vision of Corey Dean Wagner

Aperture Commissions Five Emerging Photographers to Document Historic NYC Green Carts

Jesuits: Life and Expulsion from New Spain on View at Guanajuato Art and History Museum

National Postal Museum Receives Donation from Family of George W. Brett

First Large-scale Museum Survey of the Work of John Buck to be Shown at Bellevue Arts Museum

National Organizations Recognize Amon Carter Museum's Distance Learning Program

SFMOMA's Modern Art Council Honors Bill Fontana with Tenth Annual Bay Area Treasure Award

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- Builders find lost archbishops of Canterbury in London's St Mary's-at-Lambeth crypt

2.- Egyptian archaeological team discovers mummies in ancient tomb near Egypt's Luxor

3.- Artium, Basque Contemporary Art Centre-Museum presents PIGS

4.- British treasure found in piano

5.- Celebrated Polish sculptor and fiber artist Magdalena Abakanowicz dies at 86

6.- The Met reunites Caravaggio's last two paintings in exhibition

7.- Intuit celebrates Henry Darger's 125th birthday with new exhibition

8.- Exhibition delves into the manner that melancholy is represented in Mexican art

9.- Exhibition of early photographs of Bob Dylan opens at Steven Kasher Gallery

10.- The 21st Biennale of Sydney (2018) announces first 21 artists for its 45th anniversary exhibition

Related Stories

Drawings and lithographs of plants by Ellsworth Kelly on view at Pinakothek der Moderne

Exhibition of Works on Paper by Norbert Tadeusz Opens at Pinakothek der Moderne

Comprehensive Exhibition of Neo Rauch's Oeuvre Opens in Munich and Leipzig

Pinakothek der Moderne to Show Photographic Portraits by Peter Loewy

Pinakothek der Moderne Presents Thomas Steffl's Naked Nation

Hermann Obrist: Sculpture, Space and Abstraction Opens at Pinakothek der Moderne

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful